Crime is defined as an act that violates the constitution such as theft, assault, drugs/alcohol offense, curfew violations, and murder. Despite being punishable by law, many people still commit these crimes including teenagers. Teenagers should be punished for their crimes because they have the capability of recognizing their responsibility as a good citizen in the society. They are old enough to know the consequences of every action they make. According to The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), teenagers are more likely to commit crimes compared to adults.
In the article, “Greg Ousley Is Sorry for Killing Parents. Is That Enough?” Scott Anderson exemplifies that juveniles may be living in a toxic home environment, which leads to potential murder. In “Juveniles Don’t Deserve Life Sentence,” Garinger speaks about juveniles that are mistreated and were subject to life without parole sentences. Lastly, the article that also justifies that juvenile justice is solidified would be, “Report: Juvenile justice system schools “do more harm than good,” Frey argues that the juvenile system may be harmful, in that some juveniles suffer from disabilities and behavioral issues. Based on strong textual evidence and corresponding research it is clear that mandatory life sentence for juveniles who commit murder is unfair because juveniles are immature, cannot remove themselves from a toxic home environment, and is
Those still aren’t good enough reasons to murder someone, but another reason young people commit such crimes is that of the psychology of their brains. People under the age of 18 aren’t fully developed and don’t think or function as properly as adults do. Their brains don’t think about the logic of situations, just feelings, which is why most juvenile offenders don’t really realize what they are doing or think about the consequences of their actions. In order to understand what is going on in their brains and to get juveniles to change the way they think, they need child rehabilitation, but instead, receive adult rehabilitation. These juvenile offenders are treated like adults because they made adult decisions when instead they should be given attention and support to turn them into better people.
Juvenile delinquency also known as ‘juvenile offending’ is participation in illegal behavior by any minors. Many people use the term juvenile delinquency to include anything a young person does that is against society approval, legal or illegal. Youthful offenders are young people, in between the ages of seven to seventeen, who commit offenses for which , if they were adult they could be tried in a criminal court. Status offenders are young people who commit specific acts that prohibited by the juvenile code, such as running away from home, truancy or sexual promiscuity. Status offenses are not considered criminal when commit by an adult.
Wright & Wright (1993), in their analysis of the literature found that children who engaged in delinquency were most likely to have criminal mothers or father. Children with both parents engaging in unlawful behavior were at even greater risk. Delinquent behavior was generally associated with the arrest of one or both parents and parental history of delinquency. The researchers also recognized this linkage to juvenile delinquency in Saint Lucia, especially in drug crimes, where juveniles brought before the courts for drug offences were most likely to have parents who engaged in drug use or who have been arrested for the same
Juvenile delinquency is a controversial topic when it comes to fighting for the juvenile’s interest in rehabilitating the juvenile; or, withdrawing from the interest for being a juvenile does not mean a juvenile deserves a slap on the wrist, for a crime done is a crime committed no matter if it is an adult or juvenile. Thus, 1.7 million juveniles under the age of 18 from crimes of loitering to murder are arrested each year (Siegel, Welsh, 2014). Subsequently, in the role of an assistant district attorney in the case of Shatiek being waived to the adult court is plausible because at the age of 15 years old, Shatiek’s is aware of his actions and thoughts. Though, his environment and upbringing are unfortunate, it does not excuse Shatiek to be excused from adult court in the crime committed of killing the victim. For the victim, is a son, a brother, a father to someone as Shatiek is to his mother and brothers.
Juvenile justice is a contentious topic in our society. In just twenty-three days, during the month of January, eleven school shootings occured. Although, the media frequently demonizes these juvenile murderers, as a informed citizens we have a moral obligation to examine the premise behind the actions of the accused because our children are our future. While juvenile and adult murderers deserve punishment for serious crimes, juveniles are capable of reform; therefore juveniles should never be sentenced to life without parole. Adolescents are biologically different from the general population which disproportionately increases the rate in which they commit crimes.
There are special courts inside our criminal justice system designed for delinquent juvenile offenders. Juvenile is someone who is under the age of eighteen. Juvenile courts usually handle delinquent offenders who committed crime such as larceny, vandalism, assault alcohol offenses, in other word minor crimes. Some juvenile offenders commit serious crime that may lead to harsher penalty. Those juvenile are often sent
“New Orleans prosecutors are seeking life without parole [for juvenile offenders] in half of all cases; in West Baton Rouge Parish, 100 percent,” (“Justice for the Youngest Inmates”). Whenever a minor is found guilty of committing a crime, he or she must go through the processes of the juvenile justice system. There has been much controversy over how young criminals should be punished and corrected for breaking the law. The goal of the juvenile justice system is to rectify the mistakes that youths have committed in order to produce functional, well-mannered members of society. However, juveniles are often treated poorly after being tried and come out of the detention facilities in a worse condition than when they entered.
In a New York Times article Richard Freidman explains that, “Adolescents have a brain that is wired with an enhanced capacity for fear and anxiety, but is relatively underdeveloped when it comes to calm reasoning” (1). This shows that teenagers may act out on their fears and anxieties, which can lead to serious crimes, rather than being reasonable. Teenagers shouldn’t have to be punished as adults for one stupid decision that their underdeveloped brain
These attributes can be something that a person has no control over, such as their race or socio-economic background. Criminalization is not often based on laws, but instead revolves around customs that others have been understood as good or bad, which can later lead to laws. This idea consists of the reinterpretation of everyday actions or ideas and vilifying them (Merry 14 -15). In the cases of children there exists the idea that a child who commits a violent and heinous crime will only become more violent and will continue to commit crimes. Therefore, once a despicable act has been committed by a child he or she becomes labeled as a violent criminal.
The federal government’s “War on Crime” by the Johnson administration in the 60s made way for tougher law enforcement and surveillance (Hinton, 2015). However, with this came the separation of children and adults in the criminal justice system; then the separation of juvenile delinquents from status offenders. As mentioned, status offenders are different from juvenile delinquents because they had broken rules which apply to only children. Meanwhile, juvenile delinquents are youths under the age of 18, who committed offenses that would be punishable to adults as well. By the late 1960s, there became a growing concern that juveniles involved in the court-based status-offense system, were not getting their best interests met (Shubik & Kendall, 2007).
"Studies have shown that continuing delinquent youth in correctional facilites will return to the same adverse environment". [CITE] Therefore, incarcerating young offenders is an ineffective way in preventing the juvenile rate. Instead, it increases their chance of recidivism. Although there is structure in correctional facilites, there is a lack of positive reinforcement
They may not “have the right to claim they know what is good for them” (Young, 1990). As such, parents or legal guardians ideally help guide them in their path toward adulthood to learn to make sound life choices. However, the level of marginalization delinquent juveniles face is particularly sticking. “Being a dependent in our society implies being legitimately subject to the often arbitrary and invasive authority of social service providers and other public and private administrators, who enforce rules with which the marginal must comply, and otherwise exercise power over the conditions of their lives”( Young, 1990). At CCJTDC, there is no system in place to track the amount (or there lack of) of contact professional personnel encounter with juveniles.
Additionally, these gangs bring with them “cultural carriers”, which are individuals that relocate whom bring prior gang experiences with them. While this is a growing epidemic in the United States, what does this have to do with juveniles that join gangs? This development and migration of gangs allows an ample amount of opportunities for youth to join these gangs. Typically, youth will not go to the gangs, rather the gangs will come to them. Many see this issue of juveniles joining gangs as a very severe issue that needs to be addressed especially because of the malleability of youths’ minds (McShane & Williams,