This essay is based on two aspects of personality which are as follows; “psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud” and “neo-analytic theory of Karen Horney”. The first point that this essay focuses on is the definition or the meaning of both theories (psychoanalytic and neo-analytic theory). Secondly, it focuses on the differences between the psychoanalytic theory and neo-analytic theory. As it discusses the difference the following topics are taken into consideration, (a) the basic tenets and assumptions of the both theories, (b) the view of human nature and the self on both theories, (c) how males and females are viewed and explained in each aspects or theories, (d) ways of dealing with anxiety in both theories and (e) the strengths and weaknesses of both theories. The third point this essay focuses on is the theory that is believed to be more applicable in the context of South Africa today.
The role of the therapist in relation to the client is also explored, and explains just how important this relationship and type of therapy is to the field. The main idea of this research piece is to analyze psychoanalysis, and the therapeutic process as a unit working in tandem with each other. Overview of Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). Freud believed that people could be cured by making conscious their unconscious
In Freud’s essay, he glorifies the subject of the uncanny by examining and elaborating on the feelings evoked by anxiety and why they are crucial in the minds of individuals. Freud combines the stance of a literary critic and a psychoanalyst to achieve his goal in describing the intricacies of the uncanny and what it entails, both as a feeling and as a term. He aims to psychoanalytically demonstrate why it is the case that the uncanny exemplifies all that is of frightening things that leads us back to what is known and familiar. Due to individuals’ varying sensitivity, the uncanny is a subjective feeling, one that is not molded in a single shape or form. Freud’s psychoanalytical background branches into the studies of the subconscious, creating a history for each individual’s interpretation of the uncanny.
These elements initiated the basic theoretical background to contrast and integrate the classic distinction of level of consciousness. Even, he believed that the three interacting system of the Id, Ego, and Superego can examine personality traits and disorders in terms of inner workings of the mind of people and unfilled wishes and/or childhood trauma. Those three elements operate across the three level of consciousness which he categorized into conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. (Freud, 1905). Consciousness, the higher brain function, the level that includes thought, feelings, and actions of where people are aware of at any particular point in time.
A combination of psychology and theatre, drama therapy uses theatre and personal expression to deal with the inner psyche of psychologically affected patients (Let me start by telling you a bit more about what are some of the techniques used in drama therapy: _Preview___) Body – (include citations of sources) I. There are some core techniques which are commonly used in drama therapy to help patients to connect with their emotions (Langley, 2006) a. Dramatic projection: the process of selecting aspects of self and using drama therapy to change his perspective of the situation b. Embodiment: using one’s physique to describe his or her own
It usually becomes a causal explanation for some analysis of the literary work and thus influence the story. The extrinsic elements are the elements giving the influence on intrinsic or basic construction of fairy tale. Based on this, the extrinsic elements that connects with the novel are the three theories developed by experts which are Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Erik Erikson. 2.2.1 Freud’s Psychoanalytic Criticism Sigmund Freud was a neurologist and is considered to be the father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. He was born on May 6, 1856 in Moravia, the Austrian Empire.
Robert Louis Stevenson makes use of Freud’s theories. In “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”, the dualistic issue dominating the novel, coincide with the Freudian concepts of instincts and today is known as a strong example of Freudian personality theory in fiction. Freud believed that the psyche is built of three structures which battle for dominance; the id, the ego and the superego. By using his theory we are able to understand the psychological aspects of the characters that are hidden in the novella. The id is the illogical part of the personality structure that consists of instincts and functions according to the pleasure principal.
This research paper explores Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment using Socio-Psychological approach. The research highlights Dostoyevsky’s heavy reliance on the use of psychological realism, a literary genre that emphasizes on the interior characterization, as well as the motives of the one, circumstances and internal action which is derivative from and creates external action. Such works can also be called as a work of “inner man”. This paper shows the process of intricate play between psychology, literature and sociology. The research concludes that “Crime and Punishment” is a mixture of four genres of novels that are: psychological novel, the novel of character, the novel of detection and the philosophical novel.
Basic tenets and assumptions of Psychoanalytic theory Sigmund Freud explored the human mind more thoroughly than any other who became before him, Freud’s lexicon has become embedded within the vocabulary of western society words he introduced through his theories are now used by everyday people, such as anal (personality), libido, denial, repression, cathartic, Freudian slip, and neurotic (McLeod, 2007). McLeod, 2007 stated that Freud believed that when we explain our own behavior to ourselves or others (conscious mental activity) we rarely give a true account of our motivation. McLeod, 2007 continued stated that Freud was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior,
The basic underlying psychology is related to “Freud’s psychological apparatus” and how these aspects undermine what Reverend Dimmesdale is truly thinking in the Scarlet Letter. Sigmund Freud, a famous psychologist, whose philosophy of psychology is an abundant contribution to the Scarlet Letter and literature, says the mental processes of Dimmesdale can be assigned to three psychic zones: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is where the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs, and desires of a character and demands the immediate gratification of needs. When unable to satisfy needs, the id relies on the primary process to relieve the tension by creating a mental image through hallucinating, fantasizing, or daydreaming.