Organizational behavior and leadership are pivotal issues to any company or organization. They are requisite and interdependent in goal attainment of any company (Dubrin, 2013). Leadership according to Phillips and Gulley (2013) is the activity of directing people in an organization towards realizing set objectives. More importantly, leadership calls for comprehension of human behavior within the organizational setting. Leaders in organizations provide leadership by shaping employee behaviors in a number of ways such as through building team spirit, setting a well-defined vision and motivating coupled with guiding employees.
Their responsibilities plays a vital role in the company. They translate policies and formulate them into company’s goals and directions. They are also responsible in the development of strategic management for both the success and failure of the company. While the Sales Officer and Technicians as the key personnel are equally vital to the role of top management. The key personnel help in the continuing implementation of business strategy because they serve as the front liners of the company.
Leadership: Definition Leadership is the process of influencing the motive of the employees and so directing, guiding them to the proper completion of the short-term goals and the mission, vision of the firm. Leadership referring to achieve a specific set of goals of the business enterprise by minimizing risk and more advantage of opportunities is also called Entrepreneurial Leadership (Rao, 2015). Today leadership is such an iterative process when the leaders should have a variety of qualities and expertise in different area of management. Here, different theories will be explained which can clearly identify the scope, the responsibilities and the area of expertise required to be successful leader. Nature of leadership There are two ways a leader can show its leadership approaches; one is trait-based leadership and another one is the situation-based leadership.
According to Management and Organisation Behaviour’s text book (MGMT), leadership is a process to influencing and motivating employee to work more efficiency to achieve organisation goals (Williams, McWilliams & Lawrence 2017). Leadership is primarily about the behaviour of a leader and how a leader to handle the group that can let the follower truly depend on them with trust. As a leader, they need to show their confident, courage, vision, what can motivate and influence them to increase the level of performance to achieve the goals that set by the organisations. Leading also about planning, organizing, decision making and controlling. In the other hand, a single leadership skills may not be suit for every situation that used by a leader.
Introduction According to Schein (1992), organization culture is becoming very significant nowadays compared with the past because it will affect the overall performance of an organization. By understanding the organization culture, it enables managers to analyze the organization behavior in order to lead and monitor (Ojo, 2010). Organizational culture is the system of sharing the common actions, values and beliefs that develops within an organization despite the characteristic of the members are different and it will guides the behavior of its members (Schermerhorn et al., 2011, p 366). It acts as glue that holds the overall organization together with the common practices (Tichy, 1982). Pettigrew (1979) argued that style of an organization in conducting a business is mostly depends on the different level of culture based on the multifaceted set of beliefs, values and assumptions.
Leadership is an important concept to consider when evaluating the role of effective management in business. Effective managers will display good leadership ability. Leadership is defined as “the ability to influence people to set aside their personal concerns and support a larger agenda" (Baldwin 311). There are varying ways of using influence to move others to action, with no certain pathway guaranteeing success in effectively executing a leadership role. There are, however, numerous traits and characteristics that have been found to be important in contributing to the effectiveness of a leader.
Basing his evidence on a psychological study, Zaleznik determines that managers are in need of working with people, i.e., to exercise power, as the presence of others IS a requirement of managerial authority. Furthermore, to rationally handle situations manager tend to invest lower amounts of emotions in their relations. In contrast, leaders tend to display empathy in their relations and rich emotions to fuel their passions and desires. This distinction shows that managers are appointed and leaders are made. Zaleznik then goes on to further emphasize the distinction on their respective emotional involvement in problem solving, where managers strive to order and stasis with no room for emotion and a leader to heavily invest feelings to their problems causing at times
ANALYSIS OF LEADERSHIP STYLES AND MUSKS’ LEADERSHIP STYLE 2.1 Introduction to leadership An effective leader is someone who knows how to inspire and relate to subordinates, knows how to increase the employees’ motivation and make employees loyal to the organization. (Alkahtani, 2015) Leadership style is the approach an individual use to steer people in the direction that they are going in. Analysis has identified a range of leadership styles based on the number of followers. the most applicable leadership style depends on the operate of the leader, the followers and also the situation. 2.2 Different types of leadership styles Leadership plays a vital role in order for an organization to succeed, by effectively managing and controlling employees the type of leadership style.
Leadership in organizations is an issue of vital importance and is a determining factor for the proper functioning and performance of the company. It is important to know that leadership manages the success of the business and personal goals and it helps the company to grow internally and externally. Understanding leadership in organizations means to change the ideals and create new activities that will contribute to the fulfillment of the goals. Trust Some challenges that leaders face today is to be able to win and provide an atmosphere of trust among its member. Trust is fundamental in leadership.
Title: Influence of leadership styles on project outcomes Problem Statement: Leadership is about motivating and guiding people to understand their potential, and to achieve more challenging organizational goals. A manager’s leadership style and competence is key to successful performance in project, and many studies have confirmed a correlation between these and the performance of organizations and companies. The focus of this study is to investigate the influence of leadership styles such as Engaging, Involving and Goal-oriented on the project outcomes. Objectives of the study: The aim of the study is to find that whether the project success is influenced by leadership style. To realize it, three objectives are set: • To review