However, it is here that the evidence of the domino theory in Southeast Asia stops- communism failed to take hold in nations (such as Indonesia and Thailand) bordering these new communist states. These “unfallen dominoes” are not the only counter arguments to the domino theory. One such argument is that the Indochina Wars were driven more by nationalism than by communist ideals. Another counterargument suggests that the Vietnam war itself aided the spread the of communism through the region due to wide spread bombing fostering anti-American sentiments in nations such as
Creighton Abrams, Ho Chi Minh, William Westmoreland, John F. Kennedy, and Vo Nguyen Giap are some of the Big leaders during those times. The most important theme to bring is how this guys participated in the Vietnam War. Lets start with the North Side of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese revolutionary leader that supports communism. Ho Chi Minh organized and also led the Viet Minh to fight for Vietnamese Independence.
The Unites States bombing campaign was one of the reasons the North Vietnamese troops were pushed further into Cambodia. As much as Cambodia wanted to remain neutral in the Vietnam War, they could not avoid it. When the United States and North Vietnamese came to a cease fire and formed a peace treaty the U.S pulled out their troops, but they left with an ongoing war between the Cambodian citizens and their government. The disputes with the government led to the rise of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge were brutal and harsh killed millions in efforts to reconstruct Cambodia.
Nationalism was one of the main cause of the Vietnam war because The United States initially entered the Vietnam War to aid the French but it was nationalism that caused the both the Communist North and American’s to continue the war. I think the most important causes are the divide between the capitalists and communists. After the divid of ideology they both got different leaders, the south’s leader was Diem and the north’s leader was Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh was also a nationalist as well as a communist. I think these two causes are the most important causes of the Vietnam War because if the country was divided into two, they want to have a war to see which sides wins to see which side is right.
The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
Due to the U.S. worrying about the Soviets’ plans on spreading communism, they centered their foreign policy on the containment of communism, both home and abroad. By having this policy in control, the U.S. was determined that it would at least prevent communism from spreading in other parts of Asia since it already started a war in the
After the turn of World War II, the country forced into yet again a civil war between the communist and the people’s republic of Vietnam. In order to aid the people and over through the communist government the United States got involved what came to be known as the Vietnam War. As the United States saw no end to the war with withdraw of US troops from Vietnam allowed the communist party to come to full power in the
The Vietnam War was between North and South Vietnam, and their allies like America. The Americans goal was to prevent communist insurgency. Eventually “…Henry Kissinger and Nixon made a policy called ‘Vietnamization’” (History.com). The policy entails “American troops [to] be withdrawn while South Vietnamese soldiers [would be] backed by continued American bombing…” (Foner 1016). There were antiwar movements that “spread on colleges demonstrating [how it has] spread…” (Foner 1016).
The United States responded with Operation Rolling Thunder, which consisted of sustained bombing in North Vietnam. Instead of intimidating, pressuring, or frightening the North Vietnamese, the bombing raids of Operation Rolling Thunder solidified the North Vietnamese’s thoughts that the United States was intent on destruction. This reminded the North Vietnamese of the French, and increased their resilience. Chapter 6 – Into the Abyss, 1965-1966 One reason why the United States had to aid South Vietnam in the war was due to the fact that the ARVN suffered from desertion, absenteeism, cronyism, and nepotism (117). This led the United States to change their strategy in aiding South Vietnam.
How did Ho Chi Minh's army defeat the USA in the Vietnam war? In March 1965, US President Lyndon Baines Johnson gave order to send 3,500 marines to South Vietnam and consequently started America's involvement in the Vietnam war. In short, the main reason that Johnson, Nixon and Kennedy continued to involve the USA in the Vietnam war, was to stop the spread of communism. Also, since the USSR and China had also become communist states, 'losing' more countries to communism would cause America to forfeit its powerful position as 'the leader of the free world'. America assumed it would be easy for them to win the war against North Vietnam, they were a huge military machine against a peasant army, yet this huge underestimating of the Viet Cong
American being a capitalist national and Russia being a communist nation, these two highly contrasting ideologies resulted in major aggression between the two countries resulting in a series of proxy wars across the world including Korea and Vietnam in a attempt to eradicate each other. Communism ideas began to become more prevalent in China during the 1950’s. China then began to support smaller countries in Indochina to become communist nations such as Korea and Vietnam; this was an early example of Australia using military action in order to defeat communism in the Asia pacific. The domino theory was a thesis put forward by America stating that if South Vietnam were to fall to communism, because of its geographical position the entire region would eventually convert to communism therefore communism had to be eliminated in South Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the Asia Pacific. Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally.
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
Discussion 11 1) How and why did the United States escalate its role in the Vietnam War? After the Geneva Accords split Vietnam in two, a group called the Vietcong began a war against the governing authority in South Vietnam. During this time, the US was sending supplies and a small amount of troops to South Vietnam to help shape the new democratic country. When North Vietnamese (communist) patrol boats attacked American destroyers, this led to all-out war with North Vietnam. The US also got involved to stop communism from spreading from North to South Vietnam.
The period from 1960’s to 1970’s was a hardship time for Americans because of Vietnam invasion. In an attempt to contain and defeat communism, the United States, oblivious of the enemy capability and filled with pride, invaded Vietnam at a cost of large financial expense and human lives. North Vietnamese military supported by forces of China and the Soviet Union fought the American force ferociously and was able to force America to end its invasion in 1975. As with most other third world countries, Vietnam also has a long history of colonization by European powers. The territory that occupies modern-day Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, was part of French-Indochina, as one of France’s collection of many colonies.
The War consisted of three significant groups. The United States Government was allied with the Contras, despite their record of human rights infringements, in order to take down the communist party, the Sandinistas. The Contras were allied with United States to eliminate the Sandinista Government for the betterment of Nicaragua. The Sandinistas opposed both the United States and the Contras because they had a previous disposition to the United states and they felt that socialistic policies was the best way to develop Nicaragua. The current settings of the Nicaraguan Revolution, was that of turmoil and unrest in Central America with multiple countries such as Cuba turning to Communism as a new type of government.