The results of his experimentation are evident in many of his novels and particularly in The Sound and the Fury. The narrative structure of this novel is non-conventional and does not follow a clearly defined linear order, that is to say that the past and the present are continually mixed to defy chronological order. Faulkner uses different narrative devices inn order to defy the linearity of time. Thus, stream of consciousness, multiple narrators and syntactic forms, symbolism and other to achieve his objective
The Ramsays’ utter dissimilarities contribute to the ability to interpret Woolf’s novel by means of psychoanalysis, as demonstrated by Nussbaum. Additionally, she touches on Sigmund Freud, and his influence on the writing of Woolf, as Freud believed that when behaviour or conscious mental activity is explained to others, we rarely give a true account of our motivation, and this is the issue that Nussbaum deliberates throughout. Indeed, this is predominantly the motivation behind Woolf’s work, the ‘stream of consciousness’, which is evident as almost all of the events take place in the characters’ minds. In the words of Nussbaum herself, “emotions don 't stand still to be inspected like so many stones or bricks. The act of bringing them to consciousness frequently changes them; the act of expressing them to another almost always does so”.
One can answer this through Virginia Woolf’s masterpiece as Before Woolf, writers had used this technique, but their application of it was chaotic and difficult to follow, and it wasn’t very well received by readers. Woolf wrote Mrs. Dalloway by exploring the thoughts, feelings, and emotions of her characters, which was very experimental for the time. It was an entirely new way of looking at the world. Today, writers use stream of consciousness to address the internal explorations of characters as well as a foundation for structuring whole novels. Woolf’s work of exploring the thoughts, feelings, moods, and expectations of characters in a seamless way changed the structure of writing in a significant
A dictum from Heraclitus may illustrate the origin of romantic poetry, “when we are awake we have a world in common, but when we are asleep each has his own world” (qtd by O'Connell 35). As conceived from the innermost being, romantic poems have a close relationship with dreams. However, as the definitions and characteristics are controversial, some critics oppose to use the term “Romanticism”. For instance, Arthur Lovejoy criticizes that “Romanticism” is an obscure norm. When defined by the association with nature and emotion, even Plato can be regarded as a pioneer in romantic poetry according to this definition (Lovejoy 230).
Clearly, both of these theories have their allure but at the same time neither is clear of problems. The aim of this paper is to explore and analyse the logic behind these two theories and to decide which should be given the acclaim of superiority and adequacy for modern science. John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume were British empiricists from the seventeenth and eighteenth century who brought the reign of empiricism to
The initial of contemporary personality theories is known as the psychoanalytic theory developed by Sigmund Freud. Psychology wasn’t the only academic subject influenced by Freud’s theory; it also influenced literature, art, philosophy, cultural studies, film concepts, etc. To comprehend Freud’s theory, it is necessary to begin with the understanding of the unconscious. Freud supposed that most human actions are caused by thoughts, desires and ideas that are in a person’s brain but isn’t necessarily reachable by the conscious part of the mind. The reservoir of these thoughts of which we are unaware is known as the unconscious or subconscious.
The Id, ego and superego, its theory keeps great importance on the role of unconscious psychological conflicts in shaping behavior and personality. 2. Review of literature 2.1. The Epic Characteristics in the Prelude Callahan Claire Cathryn in his thesis “The epic characteristic in the Prelude” has discussed the epic qualities Prelude book he is of the view that Prelude is regarded as a autobiographical poem but many of the critics have over looked the epic qualities of the prelude. Though it is lacking the traditional epic setting, plot and themes like Homer, Virgil, Lucan, Comoen and Milton but when deeply delve into poem would be able to categorize in it epic form. Historically, epic had its birth in heroic society, which promoted the tradition of court ministerial, as society flourished literary epic emerged by hectic efforts of the poets.
Character development is a change that a character goes through from the beginning to the end of the story. Often times, the writer creates developments only in the characters that he wants to highlight; therefore the importance of the character is determined by the amount of change that takes place. Character development is also very important in literary works that are more focused on character rather than events or its theme, as exemplified in the novella “Metamorphosis”. Although a common notion is that the main character is the most dynamic, therefore the most developed, and the foil: an ordinary and static secondary character to emphasize the qualities of the protagonist; Franz Kafka did the complete opposite in his novella. While both Gregor and Grete Samsa from Kafka’s “Metamorphosis” experienced character development, it was evident that Gregor’s metamorphosis symbolized and initiated the figurative transformation that Grete underwent.
Totalitarianism is one of the classical theories that have been widely used in the literature-based context in analyzing a text. There are several researches done previously using the same theory which is totalitarianism but on different texts. There are quite a number of dystopian novels that promoted totalitarianism. One of the famous texts is Pirates of the Universe (1996) by Terry Bisson that portrays a depressing and imaginative kind of living. According to Lyman, authors of dystopias distinguish perilous tendencies in contemporary society and intensify them in their fiction in order to notify and warn readers about these dangerous trajectories and also encourage them to take a step to prevent a possibility of dystopian futures (1979).
He also found many interesting letters which revealed the controversy of Keats and the Cockney School. But it was true that most of earlier critics were not directly concerned with Keats's political views and due to this, for Lionel Trilling, Keats was one of the heroes of literature and for Jack Stillinger, he was a tough-minded realist. Grant F. Scott writes in “Keats's Poetry and the Politics of the Imagination” that Keats himself