Stream Of Consciousness: The Critique Of William James'stream Of Consciousness '

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William James coined the phrase “Stream of Consciousness” in his book named Principles of Psychology in 1890. James entailed consciousness as a stream as according to him human consciousness is a fluid. It is an unbroken flow of feelings, emotions, impressions, fantasies, awareness and half- organized thoughts. Although consciousness is like persistence similar to time but is independent to time. At a given instance of time, an individual’s consciousness solely might not be pertained to the present. It may be reliving the past experiences or might virtually fantasize the future. The clock of subjective consciousness is autonomous of the mechanical clock-time. The stream of consciousness technique used by novelists is a revolutionary technique as it is based on the radical conception of reality. Though the term was coined by James but most of the novelists are indebted to Freud, Jung and Bergson. Freud’s theories of collective unconsciousness and myth and archetypes and Bergson’s of the subjectivity and relativity of time created around 1914, also known as “environment of ideas” by Allen, nurtured the stream of consciousness novelists like Joyce and Virginia Woolf. It was a common practice used to contrast Modernism and Reality. Their conception of reality is very different, as different as their technique of presenting it. For them reality is not something superficial, mechanical, rational or purely scientific, but something deeper, mythical, illogical or even irrational.
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