In the United States, every year there are around 2,000 gang-related homicides and in the realistic fiction novel, The Outsiders, by S.E Hinton, it explores the issues of gang violence, and teenagers in gangs. Around 40% of all members in gangs are teenagers, who are getting involved in some dangerous things very early in life. In the novel The Outsiders, the “Greasers” which is a gang of all teenagers, fight other gangs and commit serious crimes such as murder. We as a society need to pinpoint why teenagers join gangs and stop them beforehand. We also need to help people get out of gangs if they are already in one.
Urban Sprawl Essay Urban Sprawl is an issue that affects the U.S and Canada. Urban sprawl is the rapid growth in population from an urban area to a rural area. Urban sprawl causes many problems from Air pollution to rapid growth and development and also is damaging the environment as well. The rapid growth in big cities like Toronto, Ontario caused the city limits to be used up fast, gobbling up rural areas that were home to farmland and wildlife. The spread of urban sprawl causes insane traffics that last up to one hour just to get from one place to another.
There is no one true meaning for the term gangs because it is based on the view and interest of the person defining it, the trends, and the changing social aspect of the gang. It is stated that many large communities are at great risk of significant gang activity. Gangs produce negative issues such as fear which deals with loss of economic opportunities; drop in the social status of the area and the destroying of families fabric of society. Throughout this paper we would be looking at gangs in schools, street gangs and youth gangs just to name a few and try to show how they
Gang Injunctions against Diablos and Westside Gang Throughout the years, communities have been warned and targeted constantly against gangs and their formations. Gangs have expanded in quantity and their influence has expanded in different cities all throughout California. According to the Escondido Police Department, "Gangs can be organized around race or ethnic groups, money-making activities, or territory. Most gang members are male; they range in ages from 8 to 22 years.
Crimes nearly skyrocketed due to the bootleggers organized crime of transportation and sales to sneak alcohol. Bootleggers began their smuggling of liquor into the United States by crossing the Canadian and Mexican borders and ship transportation from the Bahamas and Cuba. The smuggling became even more riskier and more expensive once the Coast Guards started searching the ships from coast to coast but bootleggers had other sources of supply. Gangs began to take control of the bootlegging industry and go from state to state picking up more people. Al Capone was the leader during the Prohibition era of Chicago.
The code of the street can be used to explain differences in crime rates between adjacent neighborhoods. Stewart & Simons (2010), conversed the difficulties of inner-city life for citizens in structurally deprived vicinities. He painted the physical and ethnic influences leading to violence. Anderson (1999) argued that the extraordinary rates of poverty, unemployment, violence, cultural discernment, isolation, distrust of police, and hopelessness that portray many underprivileged settings have led to a neighborhood street
As gang membership entails much criminal activity, it is not surprising to find that leaders change regularly, as members go to prison.?(Curry and Decker, 1998, p. 75). Gang members has been proven to be intelligent and competent resulting in a great threat and resistance to various social institutions including the police and army. The strain theory, most notably associated with Robert Merton (1968) posits that anomie develops in individuals because of a recognized gap between individual?s goals and what they can achieve through legitimate means. In so for these gang members to achieve their financial goals they resort to drugs, arms dealing and trafficking. However does this yearning for these individuals goals allow these youth to enter a petty gang without a set hierarchy or is it that they enter into an organized group or network of gang members?
There 's cycle of gun violence amongst young Black males in Oakland, California, there were 557 murders in Oakland earning the city the label of being the second most murderous city in California after Compton. In communities of color, teens are caught in a cycle of illegal activities involving gangs, drug trafficking, and deadly acts of violence associated with high emotions, retribution, and revenge By making people aware can create possible solutions to decrease gun violence in the young Black male demographic group. Gang involvement is on the rise and the main targets are youth and teens. Phycologytoday.com writer Raychelle Cassada Lohmann explains how “It 's an invasion that 's causing a war on the very streets we walk during the day.
The death of Notorious B.I.G brought relevance to the discussion regarding conflicts of violence in American rap culture with regards to gang culture within urban black American youth culture. Basu explains how violent events and shootings among rap artists give rap culture a bad reputation which receives a lot of medial attention. However, the violent nature which hip-hop at times carries can be consider to be the tip of the iceberg of the deeply rooted social and economical aspects of the rap culture. In the 90’s, when this article was released, hip hop had gained a lot of economic power in the music industry and it is explained how rap music had become a channel for the unprivileged urban youth to take charge over their own situation and tell their side of the story. Music associated and developed in black culture has, since the 30’s, been marketed and sold by white companies.
In the newspaper article Youth Gangs Leading Cause of Delinquencies written by Gene Sherman for the Los Angeles Times, Sherman hits many hard facts regarding the relationship between the youth of the time and the local gangs. Overtime the largely popular Zoot Suits became a badge of delinquency, with more and more of our youth donning these new relaxed and mobile suits they where just assumed to belong to a gang even if they had no official gang ties. “Motives for gang warfare are ridiculous in adult eyes but sometimes lead to planned an bloody fighting” With little to no provocation a war could break out on the street. Just for looking at someone the “wrong” way could end with a knife in your gut.
The main factor in the crime scene was the reestablishment of the narcotics scene basically days after the storm hit. The reintroduction of Narcotics into a city that was practically shut down causing free reign for citizens that had criminal intentions. Unfortunately crime is usually partnered with violence and the violence rate, mostly black on black, also rose exponentially. With the rise of black on black violence after Katrina stereotypes developed which caused unwarranted speculation in cases dealing with the police department and black on black violence. Similar cases such as black on black violence and police on black violence that seem to be never ending spark anger and hate in the hearts of the African American race which has only turned into more crime and more violence.
The fourth time period the author looked was gangs in times of mass incarceration. During the incarceration times street gangs have been more assimilated into prison gangs. Many of the youth do not want the older men controlling them so they rebel. As the street gang's youths went to prison they had to join with the prison gangs or risked of being attacked. The street gangs and prison gangs unify which means that the collective association is close and have more resources. .
There are three major periods in the development of the penal institution that Irwin discusses. The first one, he terms as “The Big House”. Basically, this era had a prison that is the typical prison in all of the movies. It was a walled prison with large cell blocks that contained stacks of three or more tires of one or two man cells. (Irwin)