Mussolini attempted to rule Italy with a combination of love and fear, but was not successful. When he tried to show love to his people but the groups who were inspired by him showed fear to the nation. Mussolini was hated by the people but was able to gain their support after the fall of Italy. Italy also did not have a lot of natural resources for trade that meant the nation was poor. He went back on all his promises and allied himself with Adolf Hitler.
Benito Mussolini made a huge impact on western civilization, one that would make the books. He not only did he become Italy’s Prime Minister but also the dictator. He also created the birth of fascism, which was a political movement. From having his own political movement he was also in the war and had a role in it. He also was involved in some economic projects.
He worked his heritage to gain the confidence and trust of the working classes, but he once told the reporter Clare Sheridan off the record that 'The working classes are stupid, dirty, lazy and only need the cinema. They must be taken care of and learn to obey.' Although seeming to not be fully satisfied with those who made up many his followers, Mussolini was quite dedicated to his beliefs, particularly those of fascism itself. He wrote 'The Doctrine of Fascism' in 1932, in which he eloquently laid out the philosophy behind fascism. In doing so, he demonstrated his beliefs.
Benito Mussolini was born in 1883 in Dovia di Predappio, Italy. Mussolini was kicked out of the party because he supported the fighting involved in World War I. In 1919, he created the Italian Fascist Party. And in 1922 he declared himself dictator, which meant he held all the power in Italy. But, during World War II and his own people killed him, on April 28, 1945, in Mezzegra, Italy.
Mussolini had told the nation he'd come to power through a violent takeover though, so he ordered his irregular troops to converge on Rome and had all his photographers waiting to show them waving sticks and guns to convince people that he won power by force. Mussolini wanted complete control. He still had to contend with the king and Parliament, which he threatened just one month after he came to power. Many of the powers to govern Mussolini wanted control over every aspect of the government, so when he began building his cabinet, he chose men he knew he could trust. Fifty opposition members of parliament were physically attacked and three were killed.
• The predominate world political and economic systems were democratic and capitalistic. This democratic or liberal capitalism was believed to be dying or an outdated way to run a government. Fascism was popular, even in America, because the great depression showed, too many people, that the old system was broken and that they were fed up. The difference that made fascism popular was that it created a mixed economy that would help redistribute the wealth among the poor people. This was obviously popular among poor people and there were a lot of poor people.
In Benito Mussolini’s “The Doctrine of Fascism”, he describes the Fascist state as “the highest and most powerful form of personality, is a force, but a spiritual force, which takes over all the forms of moral and intellectual life of a man” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 376). This description of Fascism indicates a government that is involved in the lives of its citizens to an extreme degree. Mussolini continues his explanation of Fascism in saying “It cannot therefore confine itself simply to the functions of order and supervision as Liberalism desired.” (Ideals and Ideologies, pg. 376) By addressing the contrast between Fascism and Liberalism, Mussolini highlights the dramatically different expectations for government each has.
Everyone has a place or part in the government and operate together, as a whole, “We are nothing. Mankind is all” (Rand 21). Likewise, in a society with a fascist government, individuality is prohibited, contrary ideas are censored and nationalism is emphasized. Benito Mussolini was the leader in Italy during its reign under fascism. Soon after declaring himself dictator, a strict press censorship was instituted.
Mussolini became Prime Minister of Italy in 1922. He used his power to form a government system that gradually destroyed the democracy. In 1925, Benito Mussolini made himself the dictator of Italy. Many believe that his “capture of power was classic: he was the right national leader at the right historical moment” (Encyclopedia.com). Originally,
Communism and Fascism while being on opposite ends of the political spectrum and completely different on paper, but in reality they are very similar. Both of these ideologies depend heavily on nationalism and patriotism. All of this nationalism contributes to a state of totalitarianism in which there the state is controlled by one party, and there is a single strong and usually charismatic leader. This leader in fascism usually represents the nation, while in communism this leader’s power derives from his role of power within his party. Communism is a completely classless, moneyless, and egalitarian society.