Pragmatism is a fundamental model or scheme that organizes our observations and makes sense of them (Allen Rubin & Babbie, E.R, (2011). In order to make the sensible study, the researcher will apply multi paradigms to meet the requirements of the research. This is because each paradigm separately has its own disadvantages. A combination of paradigms in the single study will help to reduce the weakness of the single perspective. Different paradigms in the single study provide an opportunity for the researcher to use variety of approaches and designs so that the study will compile both the authenticity and genuine information.
Theory constitutes of The building of grounded theory revolves around analytical procedures in qualitative research Strauss and Corbin use the term theorizing to describe the process of theory production. “theorizing is work that entails not only conceiving or intuiting ideas (concepts) but also formulating them into a logical, systematic and explanatory scheme” (Strauss and Corbin 1998, 21). For a qualitative research, the notion
While Parahoo describes, a research design as “a plan that describes how, when and where data are to be collected and analysed” (Parahoo, 1997). Others also confirm that the research design is descriptive in nature. A research design can also be defined as “the researcher’s overall for answering the research question or testing the research hypothesis” (Polit & Hungler, 2013). This study used descriptive research. Descriptive research involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts, and describes the data collection (Glass & Hopkins, 1984).
Section III. Choice of Research Method: Quantitative, Qualitative or Mixed? The selection of data analysis techniques to deal with research questions or hypotheses and the techniques chosen for the data collection is informed and guided by what we call the research method. Hence, research method is a procedure, and also the analytical techniques to be chosen and the methods to be chosen will also be dictated by the choices of the methodologies made and by the theoretical framework (Sumner and Tribe, 2008). Research methods for knowledge claim and strategies is of three types: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods.
The Summary of “Qualitative Research Technique for Data Collection”. In this summary, I would draw 3 main points of the article. First, the overview of the qualitative research which covers its definition and purposes. Second, I would describe concisely about the common methods or techniques respectively of the qualitative research, and thirdly, I would uncover the pros and cons of each of the drawn techniques in brief. Overview of Qualitative Research Qualitative Research is mainly about exploratory research.
The most widely accepted key components of a mixed methods study include; collecting analyzing and integrating quantitative and qualitative data; organizing procedures into a logical research design; and framing the procedures in theory and philosophy (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2018; Creswell & Tashakkori, 2007a; Johnson et al., 2007; Mayoh & Onwuegbuzie, 2015). Philosophical foundation of mixed methods research The Philosophical foundation of MMR shapes the processes and manner of investigation. Philosophical assumptions also called world views are beliefs and values about knowledge that informs research (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2018). There are four philosophical assumptions that inform mixed methods research. Postpositivism is usually associated with quantitative research.
The chapter also discusses the research techniques, instrumentation, population, strength, weakness of the research. 3.1. RESEARCH DESIGN A research design is a plan, structure and strategy of investigating to get answers to research questions or problems. The plan is s complete scheme of the research. It includes an outline of what the research will do from
Epistemology justifies and evaluate while modifying methodology which in-turns guides and evaluates methods. Methods produces data which when properly analyze, has the potential to forms the basis of knowledge. Together, the three components justifies and
The data collection and analysis will be guided primarily by a grounded theory from an inductive perspective. Therefore, the research findings is dependent on the collection, examination and process of all data. The research question has its descriptive nature. According to Lincoln and Guba(1985), qualitative research and quantitative research should be judged by different criteria. The trustworthiness of quantitative researches comprises of reliability, objectivity and internal and external validity while qualitative
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW Theoretical framework of the study Conceptual framework of the study Technical education use technical information derived from theories and principles guiding a particular teaching and learning activities or the use of computer assisted instruction in line with scholars in vocational/technical education. Theories are structure of rules, thoughts, beliefs and ways that apply to subject matter when seen different from the practice. A theory is a set of interrelated constructs, definitions and propositions that present a rational view of phenomena by explaining or predicting relationships among those elements (Camp, 2001). According to the author, theoretical framework therefore, is a set of theoretical assumption