EIAs promote the development that is sustainable and maximizes the usage of resources and management opportunities (Glasson, 1999). EIA is recognized internationally as an imperative tool to be used in guiding individuals on the path to sustainable development. Therefore, a crucial purpose of an EIA is to promote environmentally sound and sustainable development through the identification of appropriate enhancement and mitigation measures (UNEP, 2002). EIA has to ensure that development proposals do not challenge critical resources and ecological functions, welfare, lifestyle and livelihood of the communities and people who depend on them (UNEP,
Sustainable development, as its name suggests, is a concept continually elaborating. The most commonly used definition, according to World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), is the development which “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (WCED, 1987). It shows the importance of considering benefits for both current and future generations and strongly supports economic development, while it also implies when accessing environment and natural resources, human beings tend to take an anthropocentric view, that the primary goal is to satisfy human needs. With no regard for earth as a life-support system, a development will not be considered sustainable. Therefore, by taking economic, social, environmental issues into accounts is a key approach to develop sustainably in different contexts.
Discussion In this study, we have argued that a detailed focus on three ways of sensemaking interaction unravels how change agents intervene in actual practice. We have further argued that these sensemaking efforts are the microfoundations of sustainability embedding. Guided by the conceptual framework, we have unraveled the many types of sensemaking efforts that the change agents deployed in an ongoing and emergent process. Especially The longitudinal setting provides unique insights in the ways that the change agents try to push forward and keep the process going, also across organizational boundaries. Also, the inter-organizational setting of the process reconstructions has added to an understanding of the dynamics of translating
Porter 's generic strategies: Michael Porter identifies two types of competitive advantage: Cost and differentiation. He then outlines three primary ways for companies to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Cost, differentiation and focus with in a broad or narrow market scope. (Porter, 1987) Figure 1: Michael Porte 's generic strategies and market scope. Source:
The notion of sustainability reflects a continuity in time. The United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), in the Brundtland Report (1987), defines sustainable development as: "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to respond to theirs ". Sustainable development is not just about protecting the environment, as many people still think. Sustainable development is a global concept, at the crossroads of strong pillars, which are traditionally the environment, the social
Some arguments posit that the environment is self-sustainable and the resources should be utilized for development purposes. In the Redwoods case, establishments on how best resources should be utilized are established. Locke’s theories will be analyzed in the case relative to the use, regulation and benefits of environmental resources. John Locke establishes in his ideology of the ‘labor theory’; that experience is what contributes to development of the human race (Trachtenberg 3). Through experience, one gets to understand what benefits can be drawn from existent resources.
To go a step further, in a case like creating a new strategic position in the organization, I believe that Leppitt 's Integrated Model works better. According to Leppitt (2006), the integrated model is better suited for strategizing regarding planning resources, the life cycle of the change and monitoring change metrics. The integrated model allows for the organization to plan from the ground up highlighted in step 3, which understands the vision and strategy (Felkins, Chakiris, & Chakiris,
I agree with the assertion that in the context of Sustainable Development ‘the reality of life today is that the economy dominates environment and society. The Concept of Sustainable Development Sustainable development refers to “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs”, and was produced by the Brundtland report (WCED, 1987). The concept also takes into account the needs of the poor in developing countries by outlining achievable objectives of importance (WCED, 1987). The Three Pillars of Sustainability The society, environment and economy are interconnected entities which form the three pillars of sustainability (Giddings, Hopwood and O’Brien, 2002). Each of these pillars depends on each other in some way in order to operate.
CHAPTER 3 – METHODOLOGY THE ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF MM The author decided to adopt a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methodology, dominated by qualitative research. Not only existing grounded theories will be studied, the author will look into a variety of case studies from an interpretative perspective to understand the realities and all possible factors making an impact. Taking account of the variety of advertising crowdsourcing projects, the quantitative elements will be used to determine the KPIs of these projects. The qualitative elements will be used to study the key metrics for projects to succeed through a variety of case studies to create an in-depth theory. The data collection and analysis will be guided primarily by a grounded theory from an inductive perspective.
Introduction The climate negotiations aims to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system, with a particular focus on CO2 emissions which is one the main threats to planet earth. The UNFCCC was opened for signature on 9 May 1992 is the apex body which takes a leading role in climate negotiations, which operates from Bonn in Germany. One of the most success full international agreement is the Montreal protocol which bodies the UNFCC can take inspiration from when it comes to combating global Climate Change even though the challenges are much tougher. The Montreal Protocol was singned in 1987 and entered into forece in 1989.The aim of the