Stress and Child Development Stress is referred to as any uncomfortable emotional experience which is followed by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioral changes (Baum, 1990). Factors that cause stress, otherwise known as stressors, stem from problems found in life, work, etc. Stress is a response that is caused by a demand. There are those who believe that stress is introduced in adulthood, especially the younger generation that makes the decision to venture off on their own by leaving the comfort of home and the care of parents. Others understand that stress is birthed much at the much younger age of adolescence.
Modern life is full of frustrations, deadlines and demands. Many people think that stress is bad for our health; however, stress within your comfort zone can help you perform under pressure, motivate you to do your best and even keep you safe when danger looms. But, if stress becomes massive, it can cause many problems of health, mood and quality of life. Stress is the nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it. It is the body's way to protect itself from danger, but in the same time, it is the major cause of damage of the mind and body beyond the comfort zone, so it is very important to understand and study in details the drawbacks of stress which depend on its categories, signs and symptoms and the ways to manage it.
Zein EL Chammah 13/11/2014 PSYCHOLOGY OF ADJUSTMENT POSITION PAPER 1: Your relationship with Stress: when does it hit you, how do you experience it, what changes are needed? What did you learn about stress and how does it fit with you experience of it: Stress is a bodily response caused by an external or internal stimulus. It is a consequence of good and/or bad experiences. For some, the stress is an engine that allows you to surpass yourself. For others, it is a real enemy which oppresses, prevents and handicappes you ... at the risk of transforming itself into a burnout or even lead to a pathology such as a psychosomatic disorder.
Firstly, let me define what is stress and the types of stress. Stress is “a disruption in one’s psychobiological balance and sense of harmony within oneself and/or with the social and physical environments.” (Edlin and Golanty, 2010, P46) Stress could also be defined as a state of mental or emotional strain resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances. There are three types of stress which is Distress, Eustress and Neustress. Distress is a negative form of stress which occurs in reaction to something we perceive as bad. For example, distress negative emotions are extreme worry, sorrow or pain which would occurs in situations such as death, unemployment and conflict in interpersonal relationships.
3. Review of literature 3.1 Stress and its types: Stress is an essential mediator of human behaviour. Immediate physiological response to any type of stressor facilitates survival of the species at its maximum. Despite of normal homeostatic regulatory mechanism, the stress responses can become maladaptive. Chronic stress, for example immobilization, exposure to noise, irradiations, psychological stress can leads to a host of adverse health consequences, including cardiovascular diseases, neurodegeneration, obesity, depression and early ageing (McEwen et al, 2004). Acute stress or single exposure to stressor of minutes to hours will be not produce any ill effect as body have protective and adaptive effects managed by hormones and other physiological agents.
It is a state of mental and emotional anxiety or tension that will affects our health and influence our behavior when we feel uncomfortable and unhappy with certain things that happened surroundings us. Usually the stress response is described as “fight or flight or freeze” reaction. For an example, we will argue, scolding people and always be alone when we are in stress condition. There are many causes of stress and everyone has different stress causes. According to the statistics in United States, forty percent of U.S workers admit that the biggest source of stress in their lives is work stress.
Further, it can have a great impact on their emotional and physical health. This is due to the fact that stress indications to reduce the productivity, encourages absenteeism, and lead to high turnover, disability pay-outs and an improved worker compensation scheme. Likewise, stress can make the employee become annoyed toward his/her employer apart from confusing employee
Everywhere, anytime we look, people today are more stressed out than ever. Many exceeding their limit and giving up on themselves. Stress is a very common problem being faced today and people of all ages are being affected. “Stress, it is argued, can only be sensibly defined as a perceptual phenomenon arising from a comparison between the demand on the person and his or her ability to cope. An imbalance in this mechanism, when coping is important, gives rise to the experience of stress, and to the stress response” (Cox ,1978).
Stress is understood as something that is synonymous with the students because according to Ida Hartina (2006), stress has become a habit among students in higher education institutions. According to Dr. Hans Selye, (1975) the founder of stress theory, defined stress as "the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it." The "demand" can be a threat, a challenge or any kind of change which requires the body to adapt. The response is automatic and immediate. Stress which promotes and facilitates learning is called good stress.
Stress has received so much attention in the past few decades of research and studies. This is due to its large impact on the lives of human being as it primarily affects our daily adaptation and functioning. Stress has also been largely associated with adverse effects on mental health and physical health of people. Due to these adverse effects on human health, the capability of an individual to function socially and cognitively is impaired. The impacts of stress should be handled well by the person affected because this could lead to worse outcomes if the person was unable to use the proper coping mechanisms.