Incorporating roles and role requirements other causes are environmental, social, and financial changes at the full scale level of the organization. Stress is created at all the levels of organization, specifically by the above aspects. Other stress creating factors are issues like inaccessibility of resources, role stagnation and the failure to get promotion in the organization. It indicates article results where cooperative work atmosphere can relieve many of the above stressors. When organizations are focused on demand fulfillment of employees and their jobs and mental happiness, more job satisfaction is obtained.
Workplace stress and mental health are two commonly related issues. The definition of this topic is, according to (Buckley, 2016) as a harmful reaction that people have to undue pressures and demands placed on them at work. Stress in the workplace is quite common nowadays due to the loads that employer put on their worker, when the world is changing globally and competitions are getting bigger, employers usually first will force their workers to put in more effort in their jobs than rather to bring in more employees. Besides excessive workloads, the working environment can also results in workplace stress. For example bullying, sexual harassment, bad communication between staff and a lot more that can induce stress to the workers.
Job stress has been reported to affect job performance among teacher as they might become less competitive and low commitment. Stress is a complex phenomenon resulting from the interaction between individuals and the environment (Banarjee & Mehta, 2016). According to Kayasta & Kayasta , 2012, teacher stress is the experience by a teacher of unpleasant negative emotions such as anger, frustration, anxiety, depression and nervousness, resulting from some aspect of their
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW The Importance of the Question Asked Many studies have been carried out to investigate the job productivity in all types of workplace physical environment. Most of the study, indicates the important of office designed to the nature of the job and the employee that are going to work in the organization. Job productivity is reaction from employee job performance. Performance of employee is affected by various factors at workplace such as employee itself, objective of the organization and commitment. It is defined as the way to perform the job tasks according to the job description.
Every employee cannot cope with such rapid changes taking place in the jobs. This will lead to arising of stress among employees. Stress can affect one‘s health, work performance, social life and the relationship with family members. The stressors
Since job insecurity is extensive, it is of great interest to organizations and its employees on how to reduce the negative outcomes that come with job insecurity (Silla, Gracia, Mañas, & Peiró, 2010). To date, studies on how job insecurity is linked to behavioral consequences and how to mitigate it has been limited. It was found on previous studies, that sources of support can lessen the reactions to negative outcomes (Lim, 1996). Only a few researches have studied the moderating role of perceived organisational support between job insecurity and its negative outcomes such as deviant workplace behavior. Based on the study of Tian, Zhang, & Zou (2014), employees who experience job insecurity tend to turn to deviant work behaviors when they are experiencing high levels of stress.
Organizations and employees must deal with the issues of professional stress and should be smart in tackling stress to stay productive. Employees should be knowledgeable regarding the causes to meet professional stress on time. Professional stress occurs when the employees find disparity between job and work environment especially when they need to work under different categories of pressures and anxieties (Nawe, 1995; Maslach, 2003). Continuing a stressful job may lead to sudden burnout situation at workplace, and could develop negative self-image and other symptoms of stress (Caputo, 1991). The press serves the role of delivering new information quickly, accurately, and consistently
It is a fact well known that if a person is satisfied at work this can reduce stress levels and increase motivation and their general disposition. As previously stated job satisfaction can affect a person's mood and emotional state. Managers can employ some type of benefit for their employees such as, such as a company gym, meditation classes, or company retreats. Another recommendation is doing a stress audit. As clearly outlined above stress affects our emotions and moods by doing a stress audit managers can out what areas of work are stressful – is it excessive workload, non-consultative management styles, role conflict or too high expectations and thus work to improve their employee’s emotions and moods.
2.1.3 WORK-FAMILY INTERFERENCES DETERMINANTS According to Aminah (2008), there are a number of factors which include both job and family oriented factors that determines the percentage of work-family conflict experienced by an individual. 1. Job-linked Factors This factor has a great effect on the quality of an individual’s work and also the level of involvement. It usually focuses on the characteristics and conditions of work and the demands of an individual at work. In 2004, Dalton and Debra argued that work role commitment will lead to a high increase in the level of work-family conflict an individual would experience.