Stress At Work

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Stress at work is common throughout the working population in developed countries. There is an international consensus that it represents one of the major health and safety challenges for the modern society. Stress at work affects 22% of the European workforce, 40% in the USA and 57% in Canada. In terms of work-related health problems, it is reported as second only to musculoskeletal problems. Among the working population, stress at work is most prevalent in the education and health sectors. Several studies have highlighted that health care workers (HCWs) are strongly exposed to psychosocial risks as a result of workplace characteristics and an imbalance of job demands, skills and/or social support at work. The impact of stress on HCWs can lead to developing health-related impairments, such as severe distress, anxiety, depression, and burnout as well as other physical impairments such as cardio-vascular disease and musculoskeletal disorders (fonte ILO). It has also been shown to have significant impact on patient satisfaction, quality of care, number of medical errors, and patient recovery times (Shanafelt, Bradley, Wipf, & Back, 2002; Vahey, Aiken, Sloane, Clarke, & Vargas, 2004). Over the last 35 years, the incidence of stress-related illnesses such as burnout has increased constantly, affecting more than the 30% of workers globally [8]. The incidence of burnout among health care workers, has increased substantially reaching rates between 25% and 75% in some clinical
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