Job characteristic which are three are aspects causes stress to the employee: role conflict, role ambiguity, and work overload. Organizational characteristics stressors are Person-organization fit, organizational rules and policies, supervisory relationship and organizational change. There are stressors in the physical work environment that also affect employees and increase stress in their job. Noise affects employee’s morale, health, and may affect performance. Temperature is another type of environmental stress; room temperature has a direct effect on employees’ productivity at work.
(c) “Acute job insecurity at the individual level” is often experienced when there is an obvious fact that there will be job loss. (d) “Anticipation of job loss” that occurs when downsizing has begun in real terms. Workplace stress derives from many sources. It can be a demanding boss, annoying co-workers, rebellious students, angry customers, hazardous conditions, long commutes and a never-ending workload. Your work performance is also affected by stressors such as family
Karasek  stated in his Demand–Control model of job strain mentioned that workers experiencing high psychological demands. As an example a high workload and conflicting roles then low decision latitude by having no freedom in one’s job are more likely face distress. The Demand–Control model also be highlighted the positive effects of social support from supervisors and colleagues [Karasek et al., 1982]. 2.2 Conceptual Framework For the conceptual framework, it will involve two of variable which are independent variable and dependent variable. According to Sekaran and Bogie (2013), conceptual framework is a belief on how certain phenomena measured by specific variable are related to each other.
If there is low productivity, businesses will fail to achieve their goals. Businesses should know about the factors that affect the productivity negatively. Firstly , stress is one of the main factors to affect productivity. The modern workplace is full of demands, deadlines, etc. There are employees who sustain and perform under pressure while there are employees who succumb to this rising pressure.
Those are more vulnerable to job burnout due to the highly stressful work environment and the emotional strains of the job. Burnout also hits perfectionist people who try to be everyone’s everything, those who identify with their work and get immersed in it to an extent that breaches theirwork-life balance. Causes
Stress and Work Life Balance Stress is a situation in which there is physical and emotional reaction to changes, or challenges. We may experience stress when our body responds or reacts physically, mentally and emotionally to any change or stimulus that requires adjustment. Imbalance between demands of job on one hand, and resources and capabilities owned by employees to meet those demands on the other hand results in work-related stress (Stress at Work, nd). In support of this Information Sheet for Employees (2011) define stress as a state involving varying degrees of anxiety, fear and agitation that results when a person is demanded by a situation, a relationship or a specific task which is not easily met or which a person feels he or she
The employees have bad feeling about his/her performance when face many problems while doing the job. Therefore, psychological symptom includes job related stress and job related dissatisfaction. Besides that, the most obviously psychological effect of workplace stress that employee face are job dissatisfaction. This is because there are multiple and conflicting demand that increase stress and dissatisfaction of an employee. Therefore, the less control people have over the pace of their work, the greater the stress and dissatisfaction.
The topic of the research is “Occupational Stress among Managers- A Comparative Study between Public Sector and Private Sector Enterprises” Occupational stress is a common problem for all employees be it male, female, public sector or private sector. Stress can both be a stimulant to growth and development and a major factor in the etiology of a variety of physical and emotional disorders. Therefore, the nature of stress and the complex psychological mechanisms that mediate adaptation to stressful environments have become the subject of intensive scientific enquiry. Stress is an inevitable part of a job. It is impossible to make the work environment entirely free from all sorts of stress.
Stress is a general term applied to various mental and psychological pressures experienced or felt by people in their lives. Stress may be defined as a state of psychological imbalanced resulting from the disparity between situational demand and the individual’s ability and motivation to meet those demands. According to Dr. Hans Selye (2011), one of the leading authorities on the concept of stress, described stress as the rate of all wear and tear caused by life. Stress may be felt by many people including managers and employees in an organization. Manager is the person responsible for planning and directing the work of a group of individuals, monitoring their work, and taking corrective active when necessary.
The data suggests dissatisfaction with pay can be a key factor in turnovers . In Asters Pvt. Ltd, another variable is the low employee morale or motivation, the mangers should address the issue and to increase the motivation of employees.s These result of poor employee motivation among employees who may be overworked which affects their productivity which can impact the level of productivity of the company. This research project addresses the causes and affects of employee turnover. s in the poor morale of employees who may be overworked, and can, in turn, affect the level of productivity