There is an increasing acknowledgment that workforce throughout the world are regularly stressed (Cox, et al., 2000). In the global economy andintense competition for maintaining market share and survival, strain escalates on workers (Hoel et al., 2002). Almost one third of the working individuals in most developed countries account high or extreme levels of stress (ILO, Geneva, 2002). When difficulty begins to put up, it can cause unfavorable strains on ones emotions, thought process and physical conditions. Whilst stress becomes extreme, employees develop several of stress symptoms that can lower their performance and health and even intimidate their ability to deal with up with the situation.
This type of organizational change can cause companies to downsize and/or lay-off employees to cut costs (Lussier & Achua, 2015) which causes leadership and employees tremendous stress. Additionally, stressful organizational situations have a large negative impact particularly in situations that involve punishment and lack of rewards (Selart, & Johansen, 2011). Stress can cause decision makers to cut corners, become more prone to incidents, abuse, and deception (Selart, & Johansen, 2011). Several studies have connected stress to memory loss due to an increase in cortisol production. Moreover, employees can often respond to stress in a negative manner, and stress is known to lead to unethical decision making (Selart, & Johansen, 2011).
The situation becomes even tenser when children are involved, especially the ones who are dependent on parental resources like financial and emotional care. A correlational based study investigating the relationship between age, marital status and the way stress is perceived, conducted by Pološki Vokić (2008) revealed that marital status was among other affective factors on the perception of stress. To be more precise, married instructors suffered from higher levels of occupational
What we need to do is to find the optimal level of stress, which will individually motive us. A recent survey showed that 70-90 percent of people feel stressed at work and outside. Today’s fast paced work life is putting the toll. In organization, today, employee stress is of great concern, people employed in organizations are stressed out from workloads they have and also the long hours they are required to put in, the dominant boss ,the target, the commitment, so and so forth, are the underlying factors, which cause strain and tension, anxiety and depression.
(R. Barringer, 2009) It talks about the degree of feeling threatened having difficulty coping with the uncertain changes happening around him. People with high tolerance of ambiguity and more cognitive complex are more adaptive to changes than people with low tolerance of ambiguity and less cognitive complex. They tend to pay attention to more information. According to Cherry, K. (n.d.) locus of control is a belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control) or on events outside our personal control (external control). It refers to the feelings people develop concerning the level of control over their destinies.
Chesley (2005) found that technology use can cause decrease in quality of life, increase work boundaries, and cause negative spill over and distress. The areas that will be examined for possible negative effects are stress, life satisfaction and job satisfaction. Job Stress With the work world rapidly changing, employees are becoming more concern with their work life balance (Shivananda & Ashok, 2012). A study done by Shivananda, and Ashok (2012) found that there was a negative relationship between work life balance and stress level. This would mean that those who have a low level of work life balance would experience high levels of stress and vice versa.
Failure is not an option in human life. When there is imbalance between the rigors and the demand for the ability to form, this person is completely experiencing a stress. From the definition, it is clear that stress gives important warning signals and provides a positive service. However, stress is viewed as a negative force. It can affect human physical well-being and the worst cause is mental sickness.
Labor management is a process system that is involved in the day-to-day operations of the employee in the workplace. In any department with multiple employees, the management of these employees will be difficult and challenging. As mentioned earlier, this report in today 's business world, the human resources management is facing many challenges. I want to explain some of the challenges of workforce. Negative stereotypes Negative stereotypes can have a devastating effect on people 's sense of self and ability, and they are now decades old.
Over the past two decades there has been an increasing belief that the experience of stress has undesirable consequences for health. The international labour Organisation (ILO) has reported that the executive stress is one of the most serious occupational hazards of the 21st century. The engineering approaches have treated stress as stimulus characteristics of the adolescent’s environment. International theories of stress focus on the structural characteristics of an adolescent’s interaction with their environment. The most transactional theories of stress focus on the cognitive processes underpinning the adolescents’ interaction with their environment.
The study conducted by Kossek and Ozeki (1998) found that both WFC and FWC have negative relationships with job-life satisfaction. However, their study revealed both WFC and FWC have stronger relationship for women than men. Rupert, P. & et.al (2009) scrutinize the associations between WFC and burnout in a set of practicing psychologists. Their finding revealed that both WFC and FWC have significant relationship with burnout. In particular, conflict is associated with poor individual achievement, greater emotional exhaustion and depersonalization.