An imbalance in this mechanism, when coping is important, gives rise to the experience of stress, and to the stress response” (Cox ,1978). To rephrase it in simpler term, stress is what you go through when you believe you can’t cope effectively with a certain situation. If you see an incident or situation as only lightly challenging, you will probably feel only a little stress; however, if you face a threatening situation or event. Stressors, which means situations and pressures that create stress, exist in various ways such as a noisy environment. Apparently, stress has a lot of impact on physical and mental health.
Cortisol, which is known as the stress hormone, increases energy by triggering the release of glu- cose into the blood stream, in order to help the person fight or run away. The human body adapts to different situations and regulates itself, when your hor- mone levels fall, your heart and blood pressure are returned to normal. However, believe it or not, we all need stress to live well, some stress can be positive, like the exhilaration of falling in love or achieving some long desired success. But, as with most things in life, too much stress is what causes us to have physical and psychological problems. Lack of stress means that your body is under stimulated, when stress is too intense or is prolonged over a long period of time, this causes your body to release stress for months and this increases the risk of a range of health problems including headaches, stomach upsets and high blood pressure.
High levels of stress can leads to holes in memory of eyewitnesses when asked to recall details such the persons involved. (Aharonian & Brian) The Yerkes-Dodson law proposes that the relationship between arousal and performance is an inverted U, in which moderate increase in arousal causes performance to increase but with too much arousal, performance decreases (Diamond, Campbell, Halonen & Zoladz, 2007). Yerkes-Dodson law predicts that on simple tasks, stress levels of cortisol can enhance a person’s memory and on more complex tasks stress levels of cortisol should impair a person’s memory. Traumatic experiences place a person at the highest side of the arousal performance curves (Yerkes and Dodson Curve) and they generate flashbulb memories so powerful that they are long lasting and can cause anxiety and mood disorders. In their study to develop this model, Yerkes and Dodson carried out a lab experiment on 40 lab rice to see how they learned a maze.
Stress is the response in either physical or mental due to environmental factor. Mostly the fuel to let us complete tasks perfectly is stress, but if it is accumulated after a certain point it will lead to insanity. Stress can be categorized into three types, but the key to insanity is chronic stress. Chronic stress is accumulated from the pasts and it is almost so comfortable until we did not realise the presence of it in our daily life. In long term of influence under chronic stress will wear down a person’s mental resource and cause him to be unstable and finally causes insanity with an event act as a catalyst like trauma from the pasts or event that hit the emotion of that person’s emotion
For example, animal experimentations conceptualized stress as a physiological drive that is triggered by negative environmental stimuli. As such, coping behaviors were seen as acts of controlling how we respond to these negative stimuli. On the other hand, psychoanalytic ego psychology presented a trait and style approach to coping. In this perspective, the traits and characteristics that individuals possess will determine how they react to particular types of stimuli. However, there are limitations to this approach.
We suggest that stress is a meaningful variable that influences outcomes such as health and other performances under stress. This propose that stress mindset has a significant impact on the manner in which stress is behaviorally approached as well as the manner in which stress is psychologically experienced and that these short-term effects on physiology and motivation have long-term effects on health and performance outcomes. For many years, the spotlight has been on stress’s negative aspects, including detrimental health effects, loss of productivity, and depression. The results suggest that the mindset of stress may be changed by coinciding with positive changes in participants’ self-reported psychological symptoms and performance. This focuses on how negative stress can be to the society.
Excessive stress, on the other hand, can unleash all the negative sides and cause a myriad of health risks. Bad stress can increase the risk of strokes, heart attacks, ulcers, dwarfism and mental illnesses such as depression. Depression facts Since chronic stress can turn into depression, it is essential
Prolonged stress produces interaction between local neurotransmitters and hormones leading to structural and functional damage causing suppression of neurogenesis. The main mechanism is, as hippocampus is intensity sensitive to stress and the stress hormone glucocorticoids (GCs) (Bruce et al
These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if there is no way out for extra energy and strength. Firstly, we need to know what mean the term of stress. According to oxford dictionary, stress mean a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances. It is mean, stress will occur when there is any adjustment you have to make in your life such as work overload or a nagging boss, computer problems or time deadlines, downsizing and mergers, accelerating rates of change and world event.
Walter Cannon, an American physiologist called them fight-or-flight response. Also about how our pituitary gland pumps out oxytocin when we stress, a neurohormone that motivates us to look for support. Chapter 14.4 said social support is one of the coping styles we use to cope with stress, besides making our relationships with others stronger, social support also influence our immune functioning, and promotes healthy