3. Psychological Effects of Stress This refers to how stress affects the state of mind of a person therefore stress will have an effect on the emotions, mood, behavior, personality and mental health of a person. • Personality Changes: When a person is stressed they may experience feelings of irritability, hostility, anger aggression, miscommunication, isolation, disinterest in appearance, impulsivity such as gambling and compulsive behavior rituals such as cleaning. • Depression: This is a result of chronic stress where the person is unable to complete normal activities, cant concentrate, cant make decisions, experience feelings of worthlessness, guilt, self-hate and have suicidal thoughts. • Anxiety: The signs of anxiety include excessive worrying, inability to cope with normal activities, feeling of helplessness and sense of impending
The stress provided by the work environment is often reflected in the form of physical turmoil, psychological illness, and reduced social interaction. Studies on the effect of different environmental stressors on people indicate that they can impact people’s behavior, mood, cognitive function, physical health, and/or psychological well-being. Coping is an important aspect of dealing with stress. Development of coping abilities that can make a person’s personal adaptation successful is of importance as it can influence a person’s self-confidence and outlook in life. Coping for stress is either problem focused or emotion focused.
This theory has also been referred to as the stimulus-response interaction (Greenberg, 1999). The interactional approach stipulates that situational variable interact with personal variable from which stress result (Ryan, 1996). Current research supports the theoretical construct set forth by the interactional approach. Fogerty et al. (1999) conducted four separate studies which analyzed occupational stress, strain and coping through path analysis.
The mental tension results either from a sense of uncertainty about future or impending events, or from a sense of inability to control one 's environment or state of affairs. Anxiety is a natural emotional response of human beings endeavoring to survive and live comfortably. Anxiety is a constant reminder of humankind 's
Stress is not only an individual’s problem, but the problem of the community. Factors such as where we live, the state of the environment, genetics, income and education level, and relationships with friends and family all will have considerable impacts on health. A study by university of California showed stress due to work, family, finances, traumatic events (bereavement in the family), and neighbourhood issues lead to atrial fibrillation in more than 26,200 women in San Francisco. In India, apart from all these factors the changing culture and eventually the lifestyle of the community affects the individual. Thus, change in life style and the social factors are vital contributors to stress (Curtis et al,
Question 1 Everyone experiences stress in their day to day lives, many cite the workplace as a main cause for their stress due to intense workload, long hours and uncertain job expectations (Avey, Luthans & Jensen, 2009). Stress can be defined as a pattern of emotional and physiological reactions which occur in response to various demands, which can be internal or external of an organization (Greenberg, 2011). Symptoms of stress result in causing suffering to an individual, which affects absenteeism and productivity levels. Stress can also result in lower levels of job satisfaction, self-esteem, motivation, depression and heart disease (Giga, Cooper & Faragher, 2003). A recent stressful experience I have had this year is working long hours,
Nordqvist (2015) in his article “What is stress? How to deal with stress” stated that stressing over something could harm our physical and mental health. Starting from Hypertension and Headache to Anxiety and Depression. However, in the article “Eustress vs. Distress” Scott (2014) proved that when we react to it the right way, we will get motivated to seek and achieve our
1.1 Background of the Study Stress is your body’s way of responding to any kind of demand or threat. When you feel vulnerable, your nervous system responds by releasing a flood of stress hormones and including adrenaline and cortisol, which rouse the body for emergency action. Your heart pounds quicker, muscles fix, pulse rises, breath animates, and your faculties get to be keener. These physical changes expand your quality and stamina, speed your response time, and improve your core interest. (Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., September 2015) Anxiety Disorders, people who are stressed may show quite mild noticeable signs of anxiety, such as fidgeting, biting their fingernails, tapping their feet, etc.
Thirdly, a stressful encounter refers to an event that is considered to be harmful, threatening, or challenging. In other words, whether or not the person, event, or situation irrelevant, benign or deemed stressful (Krohne, 2001). A stake in an encounter generates the potential for emotion (Krohne, 2001) and stressful situations are appraised as involving harm/ loss, threat, or challenge to the individual's well-being (Krohne, 2001). If individuals found that they have a stake in the encounter, the transactional model postulates that they will engage in a secondary appraisal in order to alter conditions perceived to be undesirable. This secondary appraisal focuses on the available coping options for altering the perceived harm, threat, or challenge in achieving a more positive environment is created.
Failure is not an option in human life. When there is imbalance between the rigors and the demand for the ability to form, this person is completely experiencing a stress. From the definition, it is clear that stress gives important warning signals and provides a positive service. However, stress is viewed as a negative force. It can affect human physical well-being and the worst cause is mental sickness.