The basic premise is that autonomic activity results whenever some organized action or thought process is interrupted. Lazarus and colleagues (1984b; 1978) have proposed a cognitive theory of stress which addresses this interaction. They refer to this interaction as a transaction, taking into account the ongoing relationship between the individual and the environment. Their theory places the emphasis on the meaning that an event has for the individual and not on the physiological responses. According to the Transaction Theory of stress, the cognitive appraisal of stress is a two-part process which involves a primary appraisal and a secondary appraisal.
Stress can be defined in several definitions. According to Pinel (2003), stress is a physiological response to become aware of threat that happen around some people. However, in other terms, it is defined as a reaction of a body that requires a physical, emotional adjustment, or mental response (Kumar & Bhukar, 2013). Accoring to Salam, Yousuf, Bakar and Haque (2013) medical students face higher stress level than other faculty students. Regarding to Sathya Devi and Shaj Mohan (2015), stress arises when the combination of internal and external pressures exceeds the individual’s resources to cope with their situation.
In fact, people do get Insomnia from depression. This is when someone can’t stay asleep or they are staying asleep. Furthermore, The Web MD states that “The inability to get a good night's sleep can have serious consequences on the human body.” Thus, this can lead to fatigue, which is when a person is having difficulties pronouncing words or they are showing signs of tiredness. Equally important, chronic illness can lead to depression. In The Web MD says “The rate for depression occurring with other medical illnesses is quite high and depends on many factors, especially a past history of depression” Thus, this can be from chronic illness from past history, and this can make a person have
James theorized “emotions are perceptions of bodily states” (Oatley, 20). In contrast, Frijda believed emotions were: “not a state, but a whole body process from encoding to action” (Oatley, 22). Three core concepts are thought to accompany emotions. The first is that our emotions occupy our conscious. Secondly, they have the power to induce changes in physiological states.
Gestalt therapist usually focus on where the energy is in the body, how it need and create a blockage (Corey, 2005, p. 4). Blockage energy is a resistance. Gestalt therapy is discovering and releasing the blockages which inhibiting awareness. Growth Disorders is also a concept of gestalt therapy. Growth disorders include the emotional problem.
Lack of stress means that your body is under stimulated, when stress is too intense or is prolonged over a long period of time, this causes your body to release stress for months and this increases the risk of a range of health problems including headaches, stomach upsets and high blood pressure. In more severe cases stress can in- crease the risk of having a stroke or heart attack. Stress can also lead to psy- chological problems and it can make people feel anxious, fearful, angry and can destroy relationships both at home and at work. Stress is also
The world offers a force; a thug of war between pressure and respite, expectation and acceptance. This push and pull is experienced once a person becomes part of the general population. The day he first took up space and breathe, is the beginning of life of both magic and chaos. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, stress is defined as a state of mental tension and worry caused by problems in life, work or even in school that could make someone nervous leading to anxiety and depression. While based on Khonsky and Hoe (2003), stress comes from the inability of a person to meet the certain expectations of life.
An imbalance in this mechanism, when coping is important, gives rise to the experience of stress, and to the stress response” (Cox ,1978). To rephrase it in simpler term, stress is what you go through when you believe you can’t cope effectively with a certain situation. If you see an incident or situation as only lightly challenging, you will probably feel only a little stress; however, if you face a threatening situation or event. Stressors, which means situations and pressures that create stress, exist in various ways such as a noisy environment. Apparently, stress has a lot of impact on physical and mental health.
Antecedent-focused emotion regulation means select scenarios, modify scenarios, pay attention to assignments, and cognitive changes occur before the activation of the emotional response. Response-focused emotion regulation means the reaction adjustment occurred in the mood has been formed, after the activation of emotional response; therefore, the reaction is concerned about emotional regulation. Gross propose, in the whole process of emotion, individuals have a lot of emotional regulation strategy. But the most common and valuable strategies to reduce emotional responses have two types. They are cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression.
Exhausting stage During this stage, the stress has been existing for long time. The human body start collapse and lose its ability to reduce the harm of stress. Related diseases start to appear due to overload stress which lead to aggressive behavior. 2. Pressure and Performance diagram by Robert Yerkes and John Dodson (the Yerkes-Dodson Law ) : Stress affects performance as shown by the Inverted-U graph below, which was created by Robert Yerkes and John Dodson in 1908.