The Fourteenth Amendment has 4 sections that have been in use since the Civil War. The first section is the most important and most discussed. It guarantees citizenship to any and all persons born or naturalized in the United States. It ensures any person 's “life, liberty, or property” will not be denied without due process.” This section defines citizenship, who can become a citizen of the United States and how.
Second came the 14th amendment that was ratified on July 9, 1868 and granted citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States. The goal of this amendment was to increase the amount of people that had access to the protections of civil rights to all those classified under the law as American (“Primary Documents in American History." 14th Amendment…). Finally there was the 15th amendment which was ratified on February 3, 1870 and granted African-American men the right to vote. (“Primary Documents in American History."
The Fifteenth Amendment, revised in 1992, reads, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude” (“United States of America 1789”). That amendment was implemented to protect all people’s voting rights, and is just a part of what has been done to protect people of all races. However, despite what was implemented, it took an extensive amount of time to go into effect, partially due to the Jim Crow laws. They were informal laws that enforced racial segregation until 1965. An example of a Jim Crow law is, “It shall be unlawful for a negro and a white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers” (“Jim Crow Laws”).
In Roper v. Simmons there are two issues that must be addressed, the first being the issue of moral maturity and culpability. The defense in the trial phase of this case argued that Mr. Simmons was an at an age where he was not responsible enough to fully understand the effects and consequences of his actions. The majority draws on Atkins v. Virginia to argue that this specific precedent supports their case that the death penalty should not be imposed on the mentally immature or impaired. However, an important point to be made is that the Atkins v. Virginia decision is geared towards the clinical definition of mental retardation: significant limitations that limit adaptive skills. Also, another important question to consider is the competency and premeditation of Mr. Simmons’ crime in this case.
Chapter 13 Section 1 Outline Constitutional Rights Citizens and noncitizens alike have the rights to speak freely, to read and write what they choose. Constitution guarantees the rights of U.S. citizens The whole society suffers if the people do not carry out their responsibilities as citizens Constitutional Rights Guarantees certain basic rights in the Bill of Rights, comprised of the first 10 amendments.
Race, religion, national origin, and alien status are all considered suspect classification, and thus any governmental law or policy that discriminates them will be reviewed under strict scrutiny. For a law or policy to be declared constitutional under strict scrutiny, it must be satisfy three components: it must have a compelling state interest which is generally accepted as necessary and crucial, it must be narrowly tailored to achieve that state interest, and it must be the least restrictive means for achieving that state interest. The Courts have never established a set definition of what constitutes a compelling state interest, thus making it harder to determine the remaining two components. One example of a compelling state interest includes national security. To determine if the interest is narrowly tailored, one must look if the law effects individuals more than
The First Amendment was accomplished on the year of 1791 and it’s the one of the important Amendments in the Bill of Rights. It talks about the protection for all people rights, such as the freedom of speech, religion, press and assembly which made our country to be different, unique and to protect our rights as American citizens. The First Amendment also allows the people to protest and to speak their opinion. Understanding the rights that been given by the Congress is the importance by the United States citizens. Each citizen must respect their rights.
Racial profiling is revolting to the Constitution. Federal courts have view on several constitutional principles whether or not racial profiling violates the law which they have come to agreeable terms. Law enforcement officers have use racial profiling as a technique to stop and search someone against their will which hampers the Constitution. Racial profiling is violating our constitution which is a danger to our community. According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) “racial profiling is in every instance inconsistent with this country’s core constitutional principles of equality and fairness” (“Should Racial Profiling Be Accepted”).
There is a doctrine that states a lower court must follow a precedent which is known as stare decisis. There are reliances on previous cases, which is important to find common cases to make sure they are still good law. Once a case has been finalized by the states highest court, it can be appealed to the Supreme Court only if there is a federal legal question. Looking into the Bill of Rights, its the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. These are basically our natural born rights as a citizen of the United States.
In 1868 the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified and has since completely changed the course of American history. Its assurance of due process and equal protection under the law has served to ensure and defend the rights of all American citizens. It gave a new sense of hope and inspiration to the once oppressed and underrepresented individuals. The Fourteenth Amendment has persistently guided our country as it strives to satisfy its promise of freedom and equality for the nation. Over time, this Amendment has served as a basis for many cases ensuring the equal protection of all citizens.
The 14th amendment was written after the Civil War to protect Naturalized citizens of their rights and equal protection of the law. The amendment resolves the legal status of former slaves, even though there was still a lot of confusion over newly freed slaves African Americans were still restricted in the southern states. Black children weren’t allowed to attend schools with white children because of the segregation laws but after a lawsuit was filed 1954 Brown v. board of education, the separate but equal is unequal, so the segregation laws were abolished in 1964 by the Civil Rights Act. The 14th amendment gave way too many legal rights to the Americans people to proof to the Government and State that all no matter the race have rights to
When working with children and young adults, it’s important that we should challenge all cases of discrimination and take these all cases seriously no matter how small it is and make sure you deal with them as quickly and professionally as possible. The duty of the school is following the code of practice in promoting race equality which requires in monitoring and reporting all racist incidents to the in charge. • An important thing to do when challenging discrimination is by recognising anti-discriminatory practice and making sure that we require the knowledge of the policies, practice and procedure as this will help us to feel more confident about what is a good practice and allowing us to deal with incidents more effectively when cases arise. • It’s also important that the we have to take
1964 was an essential time period for African Americans. During the time, discrimination and segregation were so dominant. Had it not have been for the Civil Rights Act, these issues could have divided the nation into one black society and one white society. White Northerners and White Southerners were racially prejudice. In the North, riots and violent fighting was something individuals would partake in.