Structural Engineering Case Study The Eiffel Tower

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INTRODUCTION
A unique structure in civil engineering compromises of an enticing structure in both its architectural and civil engineering aspect. It comes in an ambiguous form that would create curiosity to certain extent of its impossibility to stand. Different to normal methods are incorporated to bring about the attractive unique feature which could be looked at from their ancient or modern perspective.

BRIEF
There are quite a lot of professional teams involved during the construction of such structures but only two will be highlighted in this case study the Structural Engineers as well as the Architects. Structural Engineering in respect to this research focuses on the structural shell to be able to resist environmentally imposed stresses
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The final design of this tower had more than 18 000 pieces of puddle iron, a type of wrought iron used in construction and 2.5 million rivets. This tower was constructed for a duration of two years by more than one hundred workers and was completed in March 1889. It was 1000 feet high by that time and was the tallest structure in the whole world until the New York City’s Chrysler Building was built in 1930 which as taller than the Eiffel tower.
The Eiffel tower was then extended in 1957 by adding the antenna with a height of 50 feet which made the tower to be 1050 feet high and weighs around 10 000 tonnes. The Eiffel tower is divided into levels where the stairs and elevators are used to go around these levels on it, it also consists of restaurants inside the tower which are allocated at the first two levels from the
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Creating a sustained long-lasting and low maintenance bridge, high quality and in a short time is one of the challenge in bridge building industry.
Hilbrow tower Hillbrow Tower located in the suburb of Hillbrow in Johannesburg. It contributes a large to Johannesburg’s skyline. It has been the tallest structure in Africa for past 40 years but was conquered by Mount Isa Chimney Located in Queensland Astralia. The tower was first named after the former prime minister as JG Strijdom tower. It was rename the Telkom tower in 2005.
Hillbrow tower costed R2million to construct. It was built in the June 1968 and was finished in April 1971. At a height of 269m at it tip, the tower stretches up. Sway movement of the tower during winds reaching 190km per hour are 86cm at the top, but due to structural techniques use by taking the foundation down 42m reduces sway movement. Visitors reached the top via 3 high speed lifts shooting up at 6m per second. It was open to the public in its early years and was popular local and tourist attraction. The structure consists of 6 floors at the top of the tower. Heinrich’s Restaurant on the one floor offered a complete 360 degree view of the city around it and also the restaurant offer the guest to view their food being made in the grill room. By 1981 it was closed due to political issues.

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