Structural Inequality

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derived from the structural adjustment programs comprising of two dimensions structural adjustment and stabilization. Stabilization is the short term policy change in the economy and these policies are considered for the fiscal imbalances and current account deficit problems. On the other hand structural adjustment seeks to bring resourceful change in the economy for long term and sustainable intensification as it is a growth accelerating factor and this is done through the relative price change and incentive. On the other hand, discussing the inequality in area under study with structural adjustment socio-economic factors e.g. health situation, education level, resource distribution, resource access, class, happiness and employment level…show more content…
Deprivation also refers to lacking what is desirable for well-being and having dimensions are social, physical, economic, political. Poverty is accepted as multidimensional (UNDP, 1990). It is influenced by social, cultural, institutional, political and economic. Efforts requires in multiple areas that promote opportunities and empowerment, and then improve security. Consideration to the multidimensional deprivations, for example hunger, unclean drinking water, illiteracy, lack of access to credit, empowerment and social exclusion have shifted the investigative lens to the dynamics of poverty and it is also become an institution within social and political norms (UNDP, 1994).Poverty as a multidimensional nature suggested living standard, health, assets, education, occupation or livelihood are the dimensions of poverty (Salahuddin and Zaman,…show more content…
Gender inequality affects the growth performance and also alleviation of poverty. Females poverty is due to three reasons: women has less chance to take benefit from employment, women has less power to decision making regarding to earning, if women take decision it cannot improve their well-being (Alam, 2011).Socio-economic gender bias against women is result in women living in poverty is increase as compared to men. The socially established role can hinder the women access to education, employment and productive resources. Women poverty is directly effecting by the factors lack of education, land ownership and inheritance, their low participation in decision-making and in governance. In Pakistan among provinces there exist strong gender disparity. Pakistan is a male-controlled society wherever women suffer from discrimination, which further result in low economic, social and political status in the society (Chaudhry and Saeed, 2009). The inequalities in terms of rights, resources, and cultural values are a global phenomenon which is faced by all the countries without difference in developing and developed
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