Poor people are not with equality, this is evident in most countries. These people are considered as just useless burdens that bring a lot of problems and chaos in societies. Poverty is one of the most consistent predictors of depression in a lot of communities, most probably because it imposes considerable stress while attacking many potential sources of social support (Lang, 2011). Economic inequalities within societies are associated with reduced life expectancy and a variety of negative physical health outcomes. Discrimination condemns people to live in lessened economic security and exposes them to unmerited contempt that will only lead to conflict among
Kaldor incorporates the importance of factors like saving, investment and technical function. (c) Joan Robinsons model: Joan Robinsons, growth model suggested the importance of capital accumulation for the process of economic growth. In this theory, the problem of population and its effect on the rate of capital accumulation is attempted, with respect to underdeveloped countries. In an underdeveloped economy,
A rise in output will boast the demand for money which will also increase interest rates, as such as, LM curve is upward-sloping. The point where IS and LM curves intersect indicates that both goods and financial markets are in equilibrium. The hike in price level will decrease real money stock and increase interest rate. Hence, this causes the LM curve to shift upwards to a new intersection point with a lower output and higher interest rate. This inverse relationship between output and price level is known as the aggregate demand relation and thus it is
So such inequalities oppress women and they lose opportunities like less accessibility to education, become dependent on males socially and economically. Providing girls with an education could be advantageous in a number of ways. For instance, many economical and sociological theories speculate that women’s education empower women through contribution in a labor force (Benavot 17). As a result this increased labor force contributes to high level of GDP. Yet Pakistan is very unfortunate in educating women and comparatively lack basic female education.
Introduction: Large number of working bodies in literature worked on gender poverty, but the relationship between the two have not been properly analyzed. The relation between gender and poverty is quite simple to understand when such terms in literature exist such as women rights, women equality, and women running households, vulnerable or poor women. Such concepts underpin development arguments on the ‘feminism and poverty’ and the references given to women such as poorest of the poor, etc. Gender analysis is not all about whether men are poorer or women it’s basically about how gender differentiates the social processes which are leading them towards the poverty. But critics argue that developmentalists have forgone the real concept of
To identifies several thresholds for the global sample with the various income-specific sub-samples and investigate the relationship of nonlinearity. II. To examine the characteristic of country-based macroeconomic which affect the nonlinearity. 1.3 Problem Statement/ Issue The problems on this research will be answer by the following questions: I. Does the negative impact of inflation on economic growth are able to withstand the level of development of an economy?
In all over the world, in every country women had limited rights and works for the men. In India devdasi system, sati system and baal vivah system was very unpleasant to the women’s rights. In America there was no suffrage for the women and in Europe also women were in very worse condition. They were treated as a slave of men. In history Women’s rights is the fight for the idea that women should have equal rights with men.
The low incomes, unemployment, poor employment and poor housing can lead to poor health. According to Wilkinson (1996), the widest gaps in health inequalities were to be found in those countries that had the widest gaps in incomes. It indicates that lack of income can cause poor health. For example: it can generate social stresses which can cause much psychological stresses that result in illness, and the poor have poorer access to have a comprehensive medical services. Also, although the poor want to modify the health-damaging behaviours, they are confined by the major resource of money (Kaplan et al., 1996).
Quantitative easing can be classed as a monetary policy that is used as an extension of the cash supply to buy assets. In other words, Quantitative easing assigns a utilization of monetary policy that is exercised in the smooth transitioning of the economy. Usually, the central banks provide a back up support to banking sector post any crisis, to ease pressure by pumping money into markets, which helps the banking sector to try and maintain the lending level. Central banks are normally responsible for keeping the inflation rates and bank rates under the target range as set by the governments, considering the economic conditions that would encourage the economy by an increase in spending. Quantitative easing usually involves a structure where
The gender roles in Pakistan is something like the workplace is for man and the home place is for woman. So that the people invest so far less in woman then the man. In Pakistan the woman mostly suffers from the opportunities of poverty. Female literacy rate is much less than as compared to the man literacy rate. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY: Social and economic vulnerability is also the source of poverty.