Theories Of Federalism

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Different peoples perceive things differently. Definitions of federalism also vary according to individuals but most researchers agree that federalism means the existence of two separate autonomy in government body, local and state governments. Hueglin and Fenna in their research argue that both entity shared the same sovereignty and division of power (cited in Law, 2013) but on certain degree, state government possessed the authority to override decisions made by local governments. The origin of the theory of federalism begins with the cooperation on finding solutions regarding national unification between Italy and Germany in late nineteenth century which has brought upon an alternative attempts on theorizing federalism as a "...vertical…show more content…
Albertini (1979) stated that federalism is a form of political thinking and behaviour with both ' ' social basis and ' 'historical reference ' '. The social basis mainly includes corresponds to the character of federal society such as the sense of community and cosmopolitan. While historical reference, it provided by the stage of development of economic and political interdependence. Therefore, there is an American federalism, a Swiss federalism, German federalism, an Australian federalism and other federalism countries. This paper is particularly discuss about the Federalism in Australia. According to Hudson and Brown, (2004), Australian federalism has developed since its early stages over a century ago into a system where the Commonwealth government is interlock widely in policy areas that once responsibility of the United States of America. The evolution of Federalism in Australia reached the peak when it manages to cover five states as well as the territory governments after the Australian Parliament passed the Murray Darling Basin…show more content…
The Council also takes on water resource policy due to the deficits involving water and the wider natural resource base that require the attention of governments. These include widespread natural resource degradation which has an impact on the quality and/or quantity of the nation 's water resources (Australian Government Department of the Environment,

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