Structural Theory Of Federalism

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Different peoples perceive things differently. Definitions of federalism also vary according to individuals but most researchers agree that federalism means the existence of two separate autonomy in government body, local and state governments. Hueglin and Fenna in their research argue that both entity shared the same sovereignty and division of power (cited in Law, 2013) but on certain degree, state government possessed the authority to override decisions made by local governments. The origin of the theory of federalism begins with the cooperation on finding solutions regarding national unification between Italy and Germany in late nineteenth century which has brought upon an alternative attempts on theorizing federalism as a "...vertical state-society relations within the subunits of a potential federation...called an infrastructural model of federalism" (Ziblatt, 2004). Based on the analysis, it can be inferred that the administration of autonomy of state and local government is what make up federalism. Furthermore, federalism has commonly identified with the theory of federal government. Albertini (1979) stated that federalism is a form of political thinking and behaviour with both ' ' social basis and ' 'historical reference ' '. The social basis mainly includes corresponds to the character of federal society such as the sense of community and cosmopolitan. While historical reference, it provided by the stage of development of economic and political interdependence.

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