Summary On Structural Violence

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Introduction Structural violence is the end result of socioeconomic disparity. It is putting individuals at risk because of economic, cultural and gender classification. Structural violence is dangerous and is overlooked by millions of people. This crisis needs to be disclosed to the public. Often times structural violence is invisible to the average individual. It is a global issue that impacts a multitude of ethnic groups, with varying degrees of inhumanity and injustice. It is prevalent in numerous countries, India’s social system, Caste, is an example of this dehumanizing violence.
Structural Violence
Paul Farmer’s work, “On Suffering and Structural Violence: A View from Below,” reveals the unscrupulous hierarchy that exists among societies.
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They coerced citizens to suppressed their voice and strive to live day to day, not looking toward the future. Chouchou Louis was a young man, similar to Acéphie, down on his luck and trying to survive to provide for his family. Chouchou, while being transported to town, was indirectly expressing his frustration with the government, through the poor road conditions; when a solider over heard his disapproval, he seized him and started to beat him (Farmer 16). Chouchou lived in constant fear from the government, it is evident that in order to stay clear from persecution, he had to alter his life and comply with unjust and inhumane laws. In the end, Chouchou was arrested while visiting his sister, taken to a checkpoint where he was tortured (Farmer 18). Chouchou was living in fear, poverty, and was not social equal. His decision to criticize the government cost him his life and the future of his family.
Structural Violence in India’s Caste Social System
Structural violence found within India is shaped by the caste social system. The lowest rank is the Untouchables, which are typically outcasts and frequently experience brutal assault and widespread discrimination. It impacts the social, economic and culture of India. The caste system allows high social status individuals to control and abuse the
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At the top of the hierarchy is Bhramin, whom tend to be Priests or highly educated individuals (Taseer). Hindu’s classify the varying status by hereditary traits, this often limits the options of occupations that one can hold. According to Aatish Taseer, caste is “patrilineal” meaning based upon the father or male descent (Taseer 2016). This is an example of structural violence due to its inherent social status, making it difficult or impossible to climb the social ladder. In addition, upper division society members treat lower status individuals inhumane and
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