How the cardiovascular system works? Image result for the cardiovascular system heart without labels The cardiovascular system consists of two circuits that blood travels through; pulmonary and systemic. Exercise has an impact on these systems, causing the heart to pump blood faster around the body, which allows you to exercise for longer.
I. The circulatory system is one of the most important function in our body. It provides nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and cells and removes waste products produced by the cells. As the blood travels throughout the body, it picks up nutrients from the small intestine, oxygen from the lungs and hormones from the endocrine gland and delivers these materials to the cells. Once delivered, the blood picks up the waste products and carbon dioxide produced by the cells and transfers it back to the lungs.
Kimberly Ramos Mr. Johnson Honors Anatomy and Physiology January 8, 2016 Respiratory System The respiratory system is the system that helps humans breathe and allow every single human to perform everyday tasks. As researchers say the respiratory system consists of organs. The organs that make up the system are the nose, nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, and muscles of the respiration. All these organs play a major role in the respiratory system.
The heart has four valves which help the blood flow. There are 5 main types of blood vessels that enter and leave the heart. Hypothesis If the heart is pumping the blood through the body, then it is connect to the vascular system. The vascular is also called cardiovascular systems that contains blood vessels and lymph through the body.
ASG1 A – Anatomy and Physiology 1. Describe the function of the heart, cardiac cycle and circulatory system Function of the heart The heart is a muscular organ that pumps and circulates blood throughout the body via a transport system of arteries and veins and capillaries. As the blood circulates throughout the body it supplies oxygen and nutrients to the tissues as well as removing carbon dioxide and harmful waste products (Tucker, 2015).
The body is composed of primary networks that perform as one that sustain a body to function properly such as central nervous system, circulatory system, digestive system, musculoskeletal system, and respiratory system. The central nervous system maintains the body and brain activity it is composed of two sections the brain and the spinal cord this system executes multiple functions that regulate voluntary and involuntary operations such as speech, walking, blinking and breathing these senses are stimulated by the system of neurons, neurons are cells within the nervous system. Neurons consists of four major sections such as a cell body, an axon, dendrites, and synaptic terminal. The purpose of neurons is receiving incoming information and communicating
TASK 3.1 Write a report comparing and contrasting the structure and function of the three types of blood vessels. The Structure and Functions of Blood Vessels ARTERIES The walls of arteries contain smooth muscle fibre that contract and relax under the instructions of the sympathetic nervous system. The functions of the arteries are: transport blood away from the heart and transport oxygenated blood only.
There thin walls allow oxygen, nutrients and carbon dioxide to pass through and from cells. Veins - They are blood vessels that take blood back into the heart. 2. After leaving the heart, blood goes to the lungs, where it collects oxygen. this , goes back into the heart from the lungs, and is pumped to organs through arteries.
The heart is a hollow muscular organ that lies within the mediasternum, a mass of tissue extending from the sternum down to the vertebral column between the lungs. Structurally, the heart is composed of three layers of tissue; epicardium, myocardium (middle layer) and endocardium (inner layer). The epicardium is a layer of muscle composed of mesothelium and connective tissue sheltering the external surfaces of the heart. This external layer is directly merged with the myocardium internally and is in contact with the serous layer of the pericardium. In some cases, it is viewed as a division of the inner layer of the pericardium, the pericardium being the membrane surrounding and protecting the heart essentially keeping the heart in its right
Harvey William Harvey’s seminal work “On the Motion on the Heart and Blood in Animals” initiated modern medicine. Harvey’s arguments were detailed readily verifiable and though they did endure a fair bit of criticism when released, in most areas, they were accepted within his lifetime. Once his simple notion of the circulation of blood was carefully described others were able to see and understand its validity themselves. I will argue that William Harvey’s theory which used inductive reasoning to show, with experiments, how blood flowed from veins to arteries through the heart and deduced the existence of capillaries to return blood from arteries to veins. One of the main understandings of the day, proposed by Galen of Pergamon nearly 1500 years earlier, was that blood was a resource that was produced in the liver and consumed in the tissues and the brain.
The blood flow of the heart starts at the superior and inferior vena cava. The superior vena cava carries deoxygenated blood from the upper body into the right atrium, while the inferior vena cava carries deoxygenated blood from the lower body into the right atrium. As blood is pooled inside the right atrium, it will passively flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. The tricuspid valve is simply a one-way valve that prevents backflow of blood.
Homeostasis is the body's method of keeping internal stability no matter what external influence disturbs its normal functioning (Anna, 2011). And the respiratory system is one of the systems in the body that helps to maintain homeostasis by maintaining pH and regulating gas exchange. The main function of this system is take in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. This system has external respiration and internal respiration. External respiration is a mechanical process that exchange of gases in and out of the body, while internal respiration is the chemical process that breaking down nutrients with oxygen to produce energy.
Due this process, it allows the lymphatic system to monitor the invading microbes. The lymphatic vessels also carry a clear fluid that it bathes in the body’s tissues that is known as lymph. Another organ is lymph node that is has specialized compartments where the immune system there and can encounter antigens. It shaped is small and bean shapes that are there in neck, armpits, abdomen and groin. As mentioned above, that there is lymphatic vessels, so that the immune cells and all the foreign particles will enter then exit through outgoing lymphatic vessels.