In the United States a community college is defined as a nonresidential junior college offering courses to people living in a particular area. They are post secondary schools and are also referred to as junior colleges, vocational or technical schools because generally the course of study is for two years. The student can earn an associates degree or certification and/or continue their education by transfering to a four year college to complete their educational pursuits and earn a Bachelor 's degree. Community colleges started in the late 1800’s and have grown and evolved over the years. Today many four year colleges and universities have become so expensive to attend that many prospective students are opting for the more affordable alternative of a community college for their first two years of study where they can save money by living at home and taking classes that will transfer to a four year institution, however, there are students that cannot afford the lower cost of community colleges.
Addison then goes on to tell how high school graduates have a hard time getting into universities; the odds of entering would be low. She stated community college only started with one placement test. Liz Addison argues that “The community college of America cover this country college by college and community by community. They offer a
Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) positively impacted the quality of the educational experience for first-year students following the development and implementation of University College. Background of the Problem Administrators at VCU identified the university’s biggest strength, program and student diversity, as having created its biggest challenges. The University College Plan (Virginia Commonwealth University, 2006a) states that three of the biggest challenges the University faced were that, More than one in five VCU students does not persist beyond his or her first year; one in four VCU students ends his or her freshman year on academic probation; and three in five VCU undergraduates do not earn a degree within six years (p.1). Students at VCU were not persisting to graduation at the level that university leaders wanted. According to the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (RT01: Retention Report (First-time, Full-time Students)), the first to second year student persistence rate for individuals who began at VCU in 1998 was 73.8%, in 2001 was 78.3%, and in 2003 it was 79.1%.
College is one of the most significant times in a person’s life. Every year high school kids will visit many different colleges so that they can be confident in their college decision. Some kids will follow in their parent’s foot steps and base their decision on where their mom or dad went, though, not all kids are fortunate to have help from their parents. Many kids nowadays may be the first in their family to take on higher education. The article, “First Generation College Students: Unprepared and Behind” by Liz Riggs explains that kids who are the first in their family to take on college are at a disadvantage compared to kids with parents who attended college.
Today’s American education system forces high school graduates to go attend a four-year university because society believes that to be considered smart, that is what all graduates should do; this causes issues with vocational schooling and hands on jobs as there are not many kids going into those fields. America’s education system is far from perfect. According to Jill Barshay, “Among the 35 industrialized nations that are members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the U.S. now ranks thirty-first in education.” America has some work to do in this sector. Starting from the beginning of the
However, what if that did not have to be so? What if there was some kind of magical bridge of happiness in between highschool and college? There are some that feel gap years are a bad idea because of the risk of not returning to school. However, according to Chris Teare of Forbes, the return to college rate is 90%. In fact, students who take a gap year are more likely to finish college in four years than those who enroll directly after high school.
Community College Today In the essay “Two Years Are Better Than Four,” Liz Addison, gives her viewpoint on higher education and why community college is important. She compares the learning experience at two-year community colleges to that of 4-year universities. Throughout her essay, Addison expresses her opinions on why community colleges are in many ways a better choice for many students. Addison begins her essay by referencing the opinions of Rick Perlstein and his idea that “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” by stating that “It mattered so much to him that he never got over his four years at the University of Privilege” (1). Additionally, Addison talks about how the college experience Perlstein describes is that of “his own nostalgia,” and isn’t indicative of the modern educational experience that students obtain today at the many community colleges (1).
Even in Liz Addison’s text, “Two Years are Better than Four”, she argues that “The community college system is America’s hidden public service gem” (Addison, 257). There are so many Dixon 2 community colleges across the country that offer the two-year degree path, but not many people know about them, so you can go to a two-year community college and still get a degree. Not to mention, this opens a new door for opportunity for people that don’t want to spend four-years earning a degree either because of time or money issues. If you look back at Murray’s text, it goes on to talk about how some careers dont even require four years of education to get some jobs, although it does require that you get at least a bachelor's’ degree to be considered good at those jobs. Community college introduces those students who would never even dream of having the college experience, in an easier way.
In other words, community college is basically a stepping stone toward a four-year institution. Not to mention it is roughly the same as if taken at a university, but for much less. With this in mind, it is best to avoid private universities entirely. On account of the figure, there is an average difference of over $7,000 between each average tuition statement (National Center for Education Statistics [NCES])(NCES). Thus, taking the community college route is choosing to save more than $7,000 in
Much research has been done looking at the correlation of many stress factors that college students’experience and the effects of stress on their GPA. Hatcher and Prus (1991) referred to these stress factors as academic situational constraints. Their study took into account a variety of factors that can diminish a student’s academic performance. An undergraduate study done by Neumann et