The literary communication in literature is done through carefully selected diction. In literature, therefore, it is hard to separate style from meaning. This study examines how the style of masking used in Naipaul’s collection of literary sketches, Miguel Street communicates meaning. According to Halliday (1978) style plays a significant role in communicating meaning in literature. It is through the selected style that the deeper meaning of a work of literature can be
Fire and ice is one of Robert Frost 's most popular poems, published in December 1920 in Harper 's Magazine and in 1923 in his Pulitzer-prize winning book New Hampshire. The years when the poetry made is the same years when a big event in this world happened, World War. We’ll try to put the “fire and ice” within the frame of a non literary text, in here is data about World war I, world war II and Cold War. We’ll try to correlate what the thing inside this poetry with the thing outside this poetry when its made. First, we’ll find out what “thing” that represented by the word “some” then we go to interpret the words “fire” and “ice” which can leads to the “end of the world”.
The first part will focus on Pound’s poetic principle of Imagism “Direct treatment of the "thing" whether subjective or objective.” (Pound, 1918:3) It will introduce the Imagist Movement, Pound’s definition of “Image” and how does Williams develop his own way of presenting images on the basis of Pound’s. The second part will be mainly about Pound’s second and third principles of Imagism: the economy of words and the forms of free verse. Williams’ famous Imagist poem “This Is Just to Say” will be analyzed by its language and its form. The third part will focus on how to make sense of Imagist poems. There will be a close reading of Williams work “This Is Just to Say”, and a discussion of how Imagist poems provide their readers with an aesthetic pleasure and a sense of openness for interpretation.
Introduction Using methodology from the linguistic and literary areas of study, this essay looks to examine the poem ‘If’ by Rudyard Kipling. It aims to analyse the thematic features of the poem to get a grasp of the actual meaning of it, and, to some extent, look at the historical context of what is written. Additionally, this essay looks to determine how and which categories of speech acts this poem fits into, and also what effect that has on this particular text. A few words about ‘If’ The poem ‘If’ was composed by the late Rudyard Kipling (December 30, 1865-January 18, 1935), a British writer, poet, author and journalist. Written in 1909 and published the following year, ‘If’ was possibly the most famed poem by Kipling.
First, he/she identifies the specific contents or topics of a specific discourse. Then, he/she investigates the discursive strategies. After that, he/she examines linguistic means (as types) and the specific, context-dependent linguistic realizations (as
When directly affected by a major event, our words and emotions could provide a very powerful message. The message in the poem, “Fire and Ice’’ is short and powerful. During the time this poem was written, the events may have been inspiration for Robert Frost. The way he chooses for the narrator to share his opinions and not tell a story, is a unique way to get a powerful message across. Robert Frost is one of the most well-known writers in American poetry.
Introduction. Halliday’s theory of systematic functional linguistics depicts language as a social phenomenon which is concerned with text, structure, function and meaning which views language as system of making meaning. Systematic functional linguistics underlines three concepts namely, subject, actor and theme in a clause. Here the subject is what concerns the message, the actor is who does the action and the theme is the point of departure of a text. A text exists in line with these three elements of grammar.
When we are faced with two difficult choices, we try to select the choice that will best satisfy our interests, but if both choices had the potential to be equally detrimental to us, what can we do? This question spontaneously triggered my memory of Robert Frost’s poem “Fire and Ice.” In the poem, Robert Frost tells us that “some say the world will end in fire” and “some say in ice.” From his experiences with desire and passion, emotions of fire, the narrator at first claims that the world will end in fire, but then, recalling his experiences with hatred, an emotion of ice, the narrator concludes that the end of the world in ice would be as equally destructive. While the narrator had claimed that the end of the world in both fire and ice were bad alternatives, I have always wondered how this narrator from “Fire and Ice” would respond if he was placed in a situation where the end of the world was inevitable and
The approach is concerned with specificity and autonomy of language of poetry. The framework for analysis of literary language is provided by it. It lays stress on functional roles of literary devices. The contributors of this group with their individual identity do not follow any unified doctrine but in one way or the other they base their analysis on the principle that literature has an element of observation and requires literary theory. They regard the artist as a constructor- a proletarian producer of crafted items.
1. INTRODUCTION Systemic Functional Grammar is a theory that is oriented to the description of how language makes meaning in context. According to Halliday (2014, p54), the word Systemic represents the development of details system networks in grammar, and the word Functional, the development of the theory of metafunctions in language. As language is a resource of information, the meaning which writer and speaker means come from a context of culture and by means of extra linguistics factors, like field, tenor or mode. The structure of language shows meaning which is interpreted by the audience.