The probability of the Monty hall problem can be calculated with the use of Bayes Theorem (Bayes). Before I do however, let me first show how the theorem is deduced, which will also give an understanding of what it is. First it starts with the basic equation of conditional probability. P(A∩B)=P(B)∙P(A│B). The conditional probability of both event A and B happening is calculated by the probability of the event B multiplied by the probability of event A given event B happens.
that the participants tend to look more at the centre rather than the edges of the monitor. Additionally, the participants make more horizontal than vertical saccades and very few diagonal ones (Holmqvist, 2011). Because the author did not manipulate or randomize the locations of the displayed information in order to maintain the layout as it is online, the representation effect and precision of the samples are considered when the results were analysed in this paper. As stated by Andrienko and his colleagues (2012), eye tracking data can be assessed by point-based or AOI-based approaches. If point-based measure considers the overall eye movement and its spatial or temporal distribution, AOI-based metrics compare the transition and relation between AOIs.
Such a conscious will is lacking, even when knowledge of action is present. People in hypnosis follow the instructions of the hypnotist so their thoughts do not appear as the sole cause of the proceedings. But unlike everyday social interaction in which people can usually follow the instructions of other people without losing any sense of will, the hypnosis process seems to have undermined the perception of conscious will. In hypnotic induction, the hypnotist suggests a series of actions, many of which are so harmless that a person does not see difficulties in their fulfillment. Each hypnotist gives instructions, after which the person thinks about the actions and subsequently performs the action.
One of the main concepts of this paper is intellectualism. Intellectualism is characterized by two spheres; one of intellect and the other intelligence. Although these words are similar in origin and appearance, it is only when they are examined internally that the difference is made known. The article, Anti-Intellectualism in American Life by Richard Hofstadter (1963) explains, “Intelligence is an excellence of mind that is employed within a fairly narrow, immediate and predictable range... Intelligence works within the framework of limited but clearly stated goals, and may be quick to shear away questions of thought that do not seem to help in reaching them. Intellect, on the other hand, is the critical, creative, and contemplative side of mind.
Prior to the event, I had been concerned with what could possibly happen. I thought that I might get in a situation where someone may say something inappropriate and I might not know how to react. I was also concerned that I might not know how to help someone properly learn how to use certain aspects of technology. Neither of my concerns ended up being an issue at the event, as no one said anything inappropriate and I was able to answer all their questions about the
2. Literature Review 2.1 The Development of Attribution Theory The attribution theory is one of the newly developed learning motivation theories. From the literal meaning, the attribution theory can be understood as the processing of attributing the consequences of acts or events to some causes. Historically, the study of motivation is the result of the analysis of behavior from the causes of behavior. Conversely, the attribution theory deduces the cause of behavior from behavioral consequences.
To sum up, the humankind through passive observation, active experiment, or through the use of the different areas of knowledge or ways of knowing cannot produce knowledge. These are only some of the methods that can be effectively used to gather valuable information. Once gained enough trustworthy material about a specific topic, the data can be carefully evaluated and analysed, and the individual will then gain knowledge about
When developing the applied model, Martin et al. (1999) stated that they purposely attempted to reduce the numerous imagery-related variables to the smallest possible theoretically significant factors. As a result, many variables (e.g. imagery perspective, positive/negative imagery, and/or number of sessions) are pertinent to the model, even though they were excluded from the conceptual framework. The model has been supported by studies that have provided evidence that this model was a reliable guideline framework for imagery interventions, highlighting several variables for athletes’ use of imagery (Boyd & Munroe, 2003; Mamassis & Doganis, 2004; Munroe-Chandler & Hall,
Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior The roles of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior could be explained using the attribution theory where attribution is the process of interpreting and explaining behavior and how people try to use these factors to do this . Situational factors refer to external influences such as who you surround yourself with, social norms, the situation and the weather while dispositional factors are about internal factors such as your personality, attitude and beliefs . In explaining behavior these factors can either be combined as one explanation or used separately to determine the cause of one’s actions. For example, one study testing the situational role in affecting behavior was done by Philip Zimbardo (1971) in the Stanford Prison Experiment where 22 males were selected depending on their social skills and mental
It is argued that it has a facilitative effect on text understanding and is regarded to be related to essay coherence. The aim of this study is to investigate the cohesive devices in each one of the subjects’ compositions. 3.2. Research Type and Methodology The present study employed a combination of descriptive-analytical (survey) research techniques, and a quasi-experimental research design with one intact group. This was mainly because it was almost impossible to randomly select from population to sample.