In this case, the only party who may suffer from imposing a tariff is the domestic customers. Subsidies: Subsidies are payments offered by governments to help the domestic producers (Tasmanian timber producers) to reduce their variable costs of production and encourage them to expand their output. (http://www.tutor2u.net/ ) A subsidy can be considered as a benefit given by the government usually in the form of a cash payment or tax reduction. It is given to remove some of load and is often considered to be in the interest of the public. (Investopedia.com) The impact of offering subsidies by The Tasmanian government: The effect of Subsidies on Producers: A subsidy causes the supply curve to shift to the right since the costs will be reduced.
The following reasons make the extent of food subsidies in India unfeasible for the economy: 1) ECONOMIC DISTORTIONS: Some economists believe that subsidies cause economic distortions. This means that subsidies divert the resources from more productive to less productive uses. Public finance economist Ronald Gerriste warned that” subsidies could have externalities that we did not bargain for.” Let us take the example of India; subsidies serve as an incentive for farmers to produce food grains desired by the government (rice and Wheat) and not other goods like vegetables or fruits. This results in the less production and high prices of other goods. Thus the overall efficiency of the economy is reduced in this manner.
For example, this can directly impact the community by mitigating destitution and expanding access to energy in cultivating nations. In the social sector, subsidies are normally utilized in order to sustain employment by companies, especially during times that the economy is transitioning. Subsidies in the form of dollars can directly help businesses pay its employees, therefore keeping employees and greatening the business’s potential to move
Introduction: Economic interventions by governments are very common in contemporary economies. These occur in form of minimum wage legislations, direct subsidy transfers and tax cuts, to overcome the inequitable allocation of goods and services, and serving as a means of greater income equality and social welfare. Advocates of free market economics, however, view these mechanisms as harmful, believing the government’s inability to effectively understand and manage the market. The government's stance on the subsidy issue has been against the free market principles, which advocate drastic cuts in such expenditure. The key ingredients in India's subsidy are fuel, fertiliser and food.
However, many others find taxing productive workers subsidizes the less productive tantamount to theft (Joseph Westfall n.d.) Since people will do what satisfies them, or that they don’t have to work to receive benefits, tax payers are worried for the welfare program because they are paying for all the services. This reason is exactly why people are so against social welfare. Taxpayers try to bring the poor to an economic level where they can act by themselves. They believe that welfare should be a temporary needy assistance, but many people use it as a source of income for as long as they potentially
Social welfare policymaking also influence economic development, however, in a subordinate and subsidiary way. To both the Colonial and the HKSAR Government, economy always comes first in their mindset even for welfare policymaking. For example, for the start of large-scale social policy reform after the 1967 riots, it was to protect Hong Kong’s status as an investment-friendly environment and developing Asian hub for international business (Lam & Blyth, 2014, p.47). Social welfare policymaking in Hong Kong has been productivist in nature in which “social policy is strictly subordinate to the overriding policy objective of economic growth” (Holliday, 2000, p.708). The characteristic of “productivist welfare capitalism” is the minimal social rights with extensions linked to productive activity (Wong, 2012, p.278).
Housing subsidies could also be beneficial to workers in need to relocate to expensive areas due to structural unemployment. Implementation of apprenticeship like in Germany may also help keep the workers up to date with the technology and reduce lay-off for the long
According to Parkin et al (2017:138), production subsidies are payments granted by the government to producers for each unit produced. As Chirwa and Forward (2013:9-13, Ch.6) states, input subsidies could increase farmers’ productivity which leads to more food availability with lower prices. Therefore, food insecurity would be reduced because of people’s improving purchasing capacity and more food access (Bloem et al, 2009:133). For example, after surviving from the worst harvest in ten years, the government of Malawi implemented a farm input subsidies program (FISP) in 2005, which led to a dramatic increase in maize production. Through the improving maize productivity, Malawi achieved a 53% surplus in 2007 compared with a 43% food deficit in 2005 (Denning et al, 2009:2).
And with this he says that even though point L is unattainable still the economy should go on with providing wage subsidy because then the economy can achieve point C which is at a higher social welfare curve U3 and will also be preffered over point B. He says that the government should introduce lumpsum taxes so that the initiative of providing subsidy can be implemented so as to reach at a higher point as shown in the