Presently, suicide is tenth leading cause of death in all age groups. However, adolescents who were in the foster care system are two and a half more times likely to seriously consider suicide than any other youth (Pilosky & Wu, 2006). Suicide Ideation falls under the categories of Psychological disorders, being that the psychological disorders such as: depression, post traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and anxiety disorder, can ultimately lead to suicide ideation. The foster care system in America presently consist of around 520,000 of children who enter the foster care on average each year. The purpose of this study is to discover if there is in fact a correlation between adolescents who grew up in foster care and a higher rate of suicide ideation.
Description of Homelessness Homeless is considered the oldest issues in the world, which include adults, children, and mental illness. When it comes to homeless, the concerns are poor physical and mental health issues. Homeless adults are more likely to have short life expectancies (Taylor, Kendzer, Reitzel, & Basinelle, 2016). According to the Huntsville Times (2015), the recorded number of homeless people was 3,970. In addition, 2,943 were living in emergency shelters and the severe mental ill were living in long-term housing.
From 1992 to 1993 the Kansas City Police Department ran an experiment to reduce gun activity by having a greater police presence. Granted under the Bureau of Justice Assistance, “Weed and Seed” program and evaluated by the University of Maryland. A single area was targeted for this experiment, patrol beat 144. Before the experiment took place beat 144 homicides rate was about 20 times of the national average, 142 aggravated assaults with firearms, and 349 violent felonies. Beat 144 had low property values and most residents were nonwhite.
I could utilize the develop of a genogram to examine if there is a family history of drug/alcohol abuse. I could utilize the process questions technique establishing the cause of anxiety and other stressors. I could utilize the family experiment by building supports for the clients and simultaneously altering dysfunctional relationships within the family. HALT is not an actual model but it can be used to help identify certain issues a client is struggle with to help guide the clinician to a specific model. Which could be utilize to help a client who is struggle with drug/alcohol
In 1999, a mental health court was established to therapeutically manage mentally ill people accused of a crime (King County TV, 2010). Unlike a conventional court system, a behavioral health court treats a mentally ill individual with more respect and understanding. According to King County TV (2010), mentally ill clients can propose to be placed in a mental health court system because it will allow them to have a chance to recover. However, when the client is not compliant with the plan of care given to them, he or she could be placed in jail if there is a possibility the
In addition to the maltreatment of children in foster care, another issue that arises is that children are moved from one foster care home to another on an average of every six weeks (NCANDS, 2012). With the changes in the caregivers of children in foster care experience, the more likely they are to exhibit oppositional behavior, crying, and clinging. With that being said, in 2012, 23,396 youth aged out of the U.S. foster care system without the emotional and financial support necessary to succeed. Nearly 40% had been homeless or couch surfed, nearly 60% of young men had been convicted of a crime, and only 48% were employed. Seventy-five percent of women and 33% of men receive government benefits to meet basic needs.
In a homeless person, the association of one or more chronic illnesses with substance abuse or mental illness appears to increase the risk of early death. Homelessness also has negative impacts on children; infants born into homelessness have low birth weights. Socioeconomic conditions those contribute to the prevalence of illness and early death among homeless population. Poor diet obesity, malnutrition, inadequate sleeping conditions, overcrowded shelters, limited facilities for adequate hygiene, exposure to violence and harsh elements, social isolation, depression and lack of health insurance are the factors involved for bad medical conditions.Initial medical visit for homeless person occur during outreach. During first visit with the homeless
In this article research was performed to test the reoccurrence of crime in offenders. The study group contained more than four thousand prisoners with substance abuse problems. The study was performed for 2.7 years. During the study more than sixty percent repeated crimes. The outcome proved that offenders needed treatment even after being released from prison.
Then we look at the homeless piece is the Veteran chronically homelessness or not. Chronic homelessness is where regulations get a little murky because there are several ideas about who is chronically homeless, the VA uses HUDS definition a chronically homeless individual is someone who has experienced homelessness for a year or longer, or who has experienced at least four episodes of homelessness in the last three years, and has a disability. A family with an adult member who meets this description would also be considered chronically
“Only 28.5 percent of Americans with identifiable mental illness seek services annually,” and of those 28.5% only 11% were receiving the necessary medication (Rosenheck). The veteran population is more likely to experience traumatic brain injuries and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) which are one of the most substantial risk factors for homelessness (Fact Sheet: Veteran Homelessness). Not only are many non-veterans not seeking medical treatment for their mental illnesses, but many veterans as well are also not seeking the same treatment. This is apparent since there are 50% of homeless veterans who have a serious mental illness, which is not including those who have a mental illness that is not as apparent or life altering. Likewise, there are also 51% of homeless veterans living with a variety of disabilities, and 70% of
The main reason why people experience being homelessness is because they cannot find affordable houses. Homeless individuals are more prevalent in urban areas. Statics have shown there are about more than 643,067 people in the United States that are homeless; 238,110 of those people are in families and 12%, which is about 77,168 of those people are veterans. These numbers come from a point in time count, which is conducted by each community, in a single night in January every other year. Although the relationship between addiction and homelessness is a complex controversy topic, people who are poor and addicted are clearly at increased risk of homelessness.
“Twenty percent are veterans, African Americans make up half of the Los Angeles County homeless population- disproportionately high compared to the percent of African Americans in the county over all ( about nine percent).” (Thornton, 2016). Homeless data was collected nationally, and there are 578,424 people that are homeless, 84,291 (fifteen percent), are considered chronically homeless (Henry, Cortes, Shivji, Buck, Khadduri, & Culhane,
Women and children are overwhelming affected by this, with one in two homeless women with children in homeless services are escaping domestic violence (Homelessness in Australia 2012). In addition to domestic violence the other frequent seen causes of homelessness are, lack of affordable housing, intergenerational poverty, unemployment, mental illnesses and young people exiting state care (Homelessnessaustralia.org.au, 2015). A common misconception is that mental health and drug addiction are the main circumstances for people being homeless(Roger, June 2015) .Although there is a link between the two circumstances most homeless individuals develop mental health issues and drug addiction after living on the streets for a long period of time (Homelessness in Australia 2012). Amongst these individuals teenagers living on the streets are at a higher risk of developing drug addictions and mental illnesses, mainly due to how young and impressionable they are (Homelessness in Australia 2012). According to Youth Of The Streets, a non-profit organisation that helps youths living in difficult substitutions find better living accommodation.
Homeless youth can be defined by individuals who lack parental, foster and or instituional care. There is an estimate of 1.3 million homeless youth living unsupervised on the streets, in abandoned buildsings, with friends or with strangers. As a homeless youth they risk being abused in different ways. Some of the ways they get abused is psychical, sexual, substance abuse, and death. Every year there is approximatly 5,000 youth die that was unccompanied as a result of assult, illness, or suicide.
In my experience, my homeless clients have engaged in high risk health behaviors and neglected their health. These high risk behaviors include substance abuse, criminal activity, incarceration, and unsafe sex practices. As a result these individuals experience high disease burdens and mortality rates. Boston Health Care for the Homeless estimated that the total annual expenditures from ER visits was $16,011,738 annually (Thakarar, Morgan, Gaeta, Hohl, & Drainoni, 2015). “Multiple factors have been identified as predictors of frequent ER use in homeless persons such as older age, previous hospital admissions and emergency room visits, multiple primary care visits, perceived inadequate mental health care, poor health status, and HIV” (Thakarar, et al., 2015).