The effects of addiction on health can be devastating. Once addiction develops, the brain changes interfere with an individual’s ability to make voluntary decisions, leading to compulsive drug craving, seeking and use. 6 Drug abuse can suppress the body’s immune system and is related to risky behaviours, involving the sharing of contaminated syringe, needle or injection paraphernalia and unprotected sex. The combination greatly increases the likelihood of acquiring HIV, hepatitis and many other infectious diseases. 6 Drugs that lead to these diseases are heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.
Alcohol and Marijuana are the two most used substances amongst teens in recent years. Referring to the stated fact, it has been recently, that substance abuse among teens has been a prevalent issue. Teens have been using these substances due to things such as peer pressure, study aids, self medicating, etc; teens believe drugs will make them popular or get rid of painful feelings. However, drugs are harming teens more than they seem to believe. Significantly, this has been a big issue as substance abuse among teens ruins relationships, damages their biological development, and can lead to addiction.
Drug abuse is the leading cause of death or injury in car crashes or suicides. This substance abuse can increase the risk of pregnancy and STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections), including HIV because of unprotected sex (Health wise Staff). Some teens actually make their own drugs sometimes, which are even worse because the drugs could contain bacteria, dangerous chemicals, and other unsafe substances. To prevent these situations parents should talk to their child about alcohol and drug abuse and how it affects you; keep that child involved in extracurricular activities, make sure they’re following your rules for them, let your teen know that you’re here for them and get to know your child’s friends. Crank is written by Ellen Hopkins, this novel is about a gifted student who gets addicted to this drug with the street name “crank”, but medically called Methamphetamine, which is treated for patients who suffer with ADHD and usually helps with weight loss in obese patients.
Dennis explains the unique developmental needs in regards of treating adolescents. He explains the changing brain of adolescents and how they are not in full control of their emotional regulation system. During this developmental time emotional regulation is still being acquired and learned. However, when an individual between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five introduces psychoactive drugs into their system the impact on the brain is extreme. During this developmental time frame, adolescents are suppose to be learning how to control their emotions, behaviors, and learn coping skills.
For example, in the case of cocaine, as the brain is adapted in the presence of the specific drug, brain regions responsible for judgment, decision-making, learning, and memory begin to physically change, making certain behaviors “hard-wired.” In some brain regions, connections between neurons are pruned back. In others, neurons form more connections. (Martin, 2000) These brain changes can be long-lasting and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs. Adolescents drug abuse coexist with other mental disorders, such as attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders,
It is an indiscriminate brain disease that can affect all races and groups, and can be brought on by certain factors depending on where they are in life and current mental state. Alcohol dependency also has many health impairments as well as leading a person to adopt a dangerous behavior that can increase the risk of drunk driving, abuse, death, et cetera. However, there are many treatment options suited to help a person break what is keeping them tied to their addiction. All in all, the issue of annual deaths and injuries related to alcohol can be reduced by an increased effort to improve support and treatment and lower conditions that may cause someone to jump on the addiction
Drug Abuse Causes and Effects on Teenagers Drug abuse is one of the top issues defying the country today particularly among the teenagers. Occurrences of drug and alcohol abuse and related anti-social behavior have massively expanded lately. This has become a matter of concern to the government, parents and teachers. Teens regularly try different things with an assortment of activities and substances. Unfortunately, this experimentation can prompt substance misuse and addiction.
Unlike most other drugs, users report that they became addicted after trying crystal meth just once. Crystal meth initially causes feeling of intense pleasure, but continued abuse destroys the brain’s dopamine and serotonin receptors, making it difficult to experience the same feeling of pleasure. The reduced capacity to experience pleasure encourages dependence and addiction as the users require more and more crystal meth to get high again. Some street names for crystal meth are chalk, crank, glass, tweak, hot ice, speed, stove top, uppers, and shards. Crystal meth is usually smoke, but it can also be snorted or injected.
People commonly fall into drug addiction for many different reasons. Drug addiction develops when a person is emotionally or physically unstable. To be more specific, people use drugs and alcohol just to ease their suffering from anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, stress or other mental illnesses. During these metal illnesses, they feel scared to go to someone and seek some help, instead they try to solve their own problem by taking drugs, the use of drug helps them to temporarily feel normal again from all those burdens on their shoulders. For them drug use is thought to be something that can help them escape worlds harsh realities.
“Addiction is a chronic and compulsive dependence on a substance such as alcohol, drugs, or nicotine” (“Addiction”). Addiction has become a significant issue across the nation and has become a very controversial topic among many. Addiction is a simple process that many don’t even see happening until it is too late. The way the human brain is structured it will do whatever it takes “to ensure that individuals will repeat behaviors necessary to survival and well-being” (“Addiction”). Addictive substances stimulate the brain to produce more dopamine and it tricks the brain to create feelings of well-being.