Narrative therapy is used by many therapists as a basis for various interventions such with individuals, families and communities. Narrative therapy is viewed as a collaborative form of therapy which works to identify the competencies, skills and expertise that a client shares in their personal narrative. Clients are considered separate entities from their problems. The strategy is to lower resistance and defenses and allows clients to address these issues in a more productive and creative manner. Externalizing the problems helps set a positive therapy discourse moving negative communication to more accepting, non-judgmental, and meaningful exchanges.
SAGE Publications. Newbury Park, CA. Engagement process of the therapist and client becoming involved and committing to the therapy process, Technique focuses on the engage of the client to participate actively in therapy and maintain their interest. Establishing Rapport a close and harmonious relationship in which the people or groups concerned understand each other's feelings or ideas and communicate
With respect to the counseling relationship, understanding through empathy is seen as a skill that can build rapport, elicit information, and help the client feel accepted (Egan, 2010; Neukrug&Schwitzer, 2006). Because empathy is seen as an important personal attribute as well as a critical skill to
Discuss how counselling uses an inter-disciplinary approach to helping with examples. “Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals” (American Counselling Association 2010). Counselling is a process of engagement of two people one who is professionally trained to help and the other is the seeker of help, to identify the solution of the problem underlying through purposeful conversations. Counsellor does not give advices or control his/her clients rather helps them to think more broadly about the issues in a free environment. It works on the principle of choices and unconditional positive support.
Counselors must be aware of their ethical and legal obligations when providing counseling services, such as those related to crisis prevention and intervention. This knowledge can guide the counselor in making appropriate decisions to best assist the client. The American Counseling Association Code of Ethics (2014) provides counselors with the core principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice and fidelity to guide them in decisions making. Furthermore, the following ACA (2014) ethical codes are applicable to crisis counseling: A.1.a. Primary responsibility.
In the systems theory the therapist can utilize the systems the client is associated with to define and identify issues the client is dealing with in a larger concept. In addition, the client can use these systems to support the client in problem solving. The multicultural approach allows the clinician to gain a rapport with the client by identifying differences in cultural, race, and other features. Since trust is an important part of the therapeutic relationship this approach is essential in gaining the client’s trust. Both of these theories can be a valuable part of a clinical relationship, based on the client’s need and
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,
The reason for this is perhaps most clearly shown by looking at the prevalence of intracranial haemorrhage. This varied from 0.9% to 35% among the 16 studies (Table 2). The variation in the ICH prevalence rates is mainly explained by the variability in the inclusion criteria. Those studies that had low prevalence rates studied every patient that was treated for head injury attending the emergency department, whereas the studies with high prevalence rates used criteria such as ‘all children admitted for observation with loss of consciousness’. A second reason that may have contributed to the heterogeneity is the definition of intracranial haemorrhage used in each study.
Physcotherapy can be described as the techniques used for treating mental health, emotional and some psychiatric disorders (Nordqvist,2009). Counselling and physcotherapy are known as the talking therapies where a therapist aims to provide a safe environment for a distressed client to talk about their problems in confidence with no judgement. In this essay I hope to discuss the humanistic approach to physoctherapy, I hope to explore this approach in dept and discover how in fact this type of therapy focuses on self development growth and responsibilities (McLeod, 2008).This therapy I feel is closest to my beliefs because it focuses on the individual reaching a level of actualisation as the therapist will focus on the client’s strengths. In
Person centred counselling According to McLeod (2003) states that “the emphasis is on the client as an expert and the counsellor as a source of reflection and encouragement and this is captured in the designation of the approach as a ‘non-directive’ form of counselling.” Empathy, congruence (genuineness) and acceptance (unconditional positive regard) are known as the three ‘core conditions’. These core conditions are essential for effective counselling. According to Gillon (2007) “from a therapists’ point of view, an empathic attitude is a desire to understand a client’s perceptual world as if it was his or her own”. Meaning that the Therapist must listen and follow what the client is trying to communicate to them and that the therapist tries