Lignocellulosic biomass, including agricultural and forestry residues instead of traditional feedstocks (starch crops), could prove to be an ideally inexpensive and abundantly available source of sugar for fermentation into transportation fuels. Cellulose crystallinity, accessible surface area, protection by lignin, and sheathing by hemicellulose all contribute to the resistance of cellulose in biomass to hydrolysis. The biomass pretreatment and the intrinsic structure of the biomass itself are basically responsible for its subsequent hydrolysis. The conditions used in the chosen pretreatment method will affect various substrate characteristics. This in turn, govern the susceptibility of the substrate to hydrolysis and the subsequent fermentation of the released sugars.
How does food security influence the quantity of sugarcane supplied to Nzoia sugar factory in Kanduyi sub-county? iii. How does the harvesting age and crop cycle the quantity of sugarcane supplied to Nzoia sugar factory in Kanduyi sub-county? 1.4. Significance of the study It is hoped that the findings from this study will assist the management of Nzoia Sugar Company in coming up with solutions to curb the problem of sugarcane shortage for processing, which has of late led to reduced sugar production by the factory.
The primary benefit of the tea will be a supply of soluble nutrients, which can be used as a liquid fertilizer. Also, the suppressive activity of different compost types toward several plant pathogens is well documented in the recent review of Litterick et al. (2004). Edwards et al. (2006) reported that transition from synthetic fertilization to compost tea may be feasible because much of the environmental pollution was happened in recent years.
Cane ripeners adversely affect the ratoon crop therefore such ripeners should not apply. Pre harvest burning reduces the ratoon ability and leaves detrimental effects on the yield. Therefore green cane harvesting is preferred method for ensuring a good ratoon crop. Green cane harvesting helps in the management of trash and collection of harvest and has a considerable influence on ratoon performance. This harvesting and collection of cane could manual or mechanical.
BG and BITC are compounds of importance from both a nutritional and a crop yield standpoint. Rosetto et al (2008) reported data on the distribution and changes of BG and BITC levels during fruit development and ripening. BG and BITC levels were quantified in peel, pulp, and seeds of papaya fruit. The influence of the ethylene in BG and BITC levels and mirosinase activity was tested by exposing mature green fruits to ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). The highest BG levels were detected in seeds, followed by the peel and pulp being decreased in all tissues during fruit development.
It is also play the important roles on increase the sympathetic nervous system and elevate thermogenesis via the stimulating the norepinephrin secretion. Green tea and catechin display the key role on fatty acid oxidation and weight loss [5, 61, 62]. Adiponectin involves in fatty acid and glucose metabolism as well as insulin sensitivity and weight loss . It is possible that green tea consumption beneficially affect metabolic pathways via increase in adiponectin . We suggested more investigations to examine relationship between coffee, adiponectin and leptin.
The process accomplished as follows, spores of selected non-toxigenic isolates are coated onto the cracked barley or wheat particles in molasses, which provides an even inoculation, reduces dust and acts as an additional nutrient source. The nutrient substrate and the grown nontoxigenic spores are then spread on soil in which the crop is growing. Growth of the nontoxigenic fungus on the substrate produces a multiplier effect; spore growth increase overwhelmingly
Addressing the organization’s fundamental problems Coca-Cola can address the sugar problem by finding a formula that does not involve sugar or involves a very small amount of sugar. Every product the company makes has its fans and they can produce two types of each, the sugary and one without sugar. Even raw materials with calories should be eliminated from the formula. The challenge of digital marketing can be addressed by hiring employees who will work with marketing department to ensure the company maintains its good reputation on the internet and also attracts the new customers as it retains the old ones The challenge of water shortage can be solved by using agricultural products to reduce the amount of water required. It can find agricultural
1.2 Aim and Objective: For reducing the waste seeds of fruits, we are going to extract the essential oil from the seeds of papaya and Argemone Mexicana. Find its application in various fields like pharmaceutical, homeopathy, fragrance, cosmetic etc. As there are various method available for extraction of essential oil, with differing in the economic yield, reliability, we are going to extract essential oil from seeds of Papaya and Argemone Mexicana by using various methods, So that we can compare methods to judge the most economic, efficient and reliable method of extraction. 1.3 Problem specification: Find out the raw material Extraction of essential
Recently, Microbial biofuel production is one area where pollution of environment can be restricted using microorganisms. Biofuels are a promising form of alternative energy that may replace existing fuel sources such as gasoline, jet fuel, or diesel without requiring engine modifications or additional infrastructure development (Fortman et al., 2008). Cellulose from plant matter studied for typical biofuel production processes. Using enzymes and chemical pretreatment processes, the lignocellulose is broken down into sugars like glucose or pentose. These sugars are then fed to microorganisms (such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Escherichia coli) that convert the sugar into biofuel (Dunlop et al., 2010).