The major signs and symptoms of depression in the elderly such as Empty feeling, sadness, fatigue, sleep disturbance, social withdrawal, isolation, loss of appetite and repeated thought of death and suicide. Depression in older adults and elderly is often linked to physical illness. Symptoms of depression can also occur as part of medical problems such as dementia. The causes of depression in the elderly are mainly due to the physical and biological changes of the elderly that can put at risk for depression.
Another factor that can lead to the development of DID would be any type of abuse that is “disorganized or disoriented attachment style and a lack of social or familial support” (Slogar 2011). Before someone is diagnosed, some common symptoms are mood swings, alcohol and drug abuse, sleep disorders — such as insomnia, night terrors, and sleep walking — and depression. Some other symptoms that are stated in the DMS-V for this disorder include suicidal tendencies, anxiety, panic attacks, phobias, things that trigger the stimuli such as flashbacks, visual hallucinations, feeling unreal, hearing other voices and eating disorders. Lastly, dissociative amnesia — which is another separate disorder — is linked to DID as a
PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) became a common disorder in people who lost loved ones in the attack, or 9/11 survivors. Depression wasn’t an uncommon mental illness that swept the affected these same people, and also rescuers from the attack. Anxiety levels rose due to fear of future attacks. Loads of research was done on these disorders and illnesses before and after 9/11. “Another reaction frequently projected on survivors of the attacks is the notion of survivor guilt.
What is Depression and how does it affect teenagers? Depression, also known as Major Depressive Disorder is a common medical illness that negatively affects how one feels, acts and/ or thinks. (“Teen Mental Health”, 2018) states, “In a one-year period, approximately 7 percent of people will experience Depression. It is most common in women and in young adults, and the first episode often begins in the teen years or early adulthood.” Although Depression is common throughout society, it is different than feeling sad or down; one who deals with depression can not simply ‘snap out of it’.
Hence, they will become annoyed and gradually escape themselves from social connection. This is because Stephen Ilardi (n.d.) , who is the associate professor of psychology, University of Kansas, said that we will be having a highly intense desire to disconnect ourselves from others when we are depressed. Depression is a severe circumstance which can happen frequently when the melancholy and low mood are serious. It will affect their normal life and behaviour causes it to form vicious spiral which exacerbate depression. Therefore, negative thought has caused depression.
People who suffered from depression will experience symptoms such as suicidal thoughts, sleep disturbance, changes in appetite, slowed thinking and poor concentration. (Miller & Reynolds, 2002,
Suicide known as an act that includes person’s death by himself on purpose (1). Suicide crime’s happens often because of desperation when he feels hopeless for achieving anything in his life and that makes the person in lots of pain and he might get into lots of problems as taking drugs or abusing to others. There are 3 main factors causes suicide (2): 1- Biological: genetic factors, prenatal and postnatal factors, imbalance in brain chemistry, alterations in neurotransmission also who have a physical health problems like cancer, chronic pain, traumatic brain injury and who had more than one health problem are more exposure than the others 2- Sociocultural: Personal relationships between (family, lovers, friends) Family stability (problems or abuses in the family) Economic status (financial difficulty, unemployment, poverty) Social cohesion, Work environment (without harsh director, bully)
Some people with depression experience only one period of depression, but in most patients the symptoms of depression recur and last a lifetime. depression symptoms are different and varied because depression appears in different forms in different people.
Events such as death, being wounded can mentally shut a person down, research has shown that traumatic events such as this caused veterans to end up homeless. Veteran affairs which are known as VA have treated more than 230,000 patients for serious mental illness such Bipolar Disorder and many patients have died about 13 to 18 years younger than the regular population Davis, C. L. (2012). There was a study for veteran participants for mood disorders (CIVIC-MD), and the purpose of the study was to identify amend individuals and treatment factors connected to harmful outcomes with Bipolar Disorder Copeland, L. A. (2009). Homelessness in VA patients with Bipolar were reported 12% and 55% in a lifetime, in an analysis there were current medication was freely associated with lower risk of lifetime homelessness (odds ratio [OR] = 0.80 per point range 0-4; 95% confidence level interval [CI]= 0.66, 0.96) Bipolar is caused by homelessness in
In one study, out of six different anxiety disorders, PTSD had the closest relation to suicidal thoughts and attempts (Sareen et al., 2005). If PTSD is so prominent in veterans and PTSD also has a high correlation to suicidal thoughts, it is imperative that something is done to find ways to reach them before it gets to that point. The symptoms of PTSD can interfere with the daily life of a veteran, which also relates to the risk factors earlier in this paper. These symptoms can result in substance use, family violence, problems with daily functioning, trouble holding a job, and much more. Left untreated, the aftermath of the PTSD itself can cause many more risk factors for suicide.
The elderly experiences many emotional and physical changes as they reach late adulthood. Many experience emotional changes such as loneliness or depression that relate to many factors such as loss of independence or by losing loved ones, or fading health. A decrease in physical or social activity, finances, interaction with loved ones, and the requirement to live in a nursing home can result in a declining will to live (Chima, 2002). Social workers are important in end-of-life care because they have an understanding of human behavior which helps them determine what is needed to decrease the suicidal risk factors of the elderly. But there is also the factor of elderly euthanasia which is the equivalent to voluntary physician assisted suicide.
Understanding PTSD symptoms is important, because PTSD makes one experience feelings of anger, aggression, despair, and hopelessness. Also, many have problems with relationships, social isolation, impairments in 4 work and school, homelessness, and suicide (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2011). PTSD affects many elements of one’s life that can lead to devastating impacts without the proper treatment. Therefore exploration into the quality of services available for veterans is beneficial. The purpose of this study is to examine the perceptions and attitudes of combat veterans towards the quality of mental health services.
The term “American dream” was coined by renowned writer and historian, James Truslow Adams, who considered America as a place where life will be better and richer. Since then, the United States of America has been considered as the land of equal opportunities and growth. However, the changes in the social and economic status of the population indicates that there is existence of social disparity in our society. Social inequality can be defined as the existence of an unequal distribution of various resources and opportunities among the social groups in a population. While the United States of America trys to be a pioneer nation in promoting social equality, the leading research, based on various parameters and asset groups indicate that the