As a soldier, a ruler, and a human being, Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi was a person of phenomenal attributes. The hero of hundreds of battles was the person who for 20 years braved the storm of the Crusaders and ultimately pushed them back. The world has hardly witnessed a more chivalrous and humane conqueror. His unmatchable battle tactics and gallantry as a soldier, heroic statesmanship and his strength of character won him the respect of even his foes.
As a soldier, Salahuddin is known for liberating the holy city of Jerusalem from the Christian armies, known as the Crusaders. This was not an ordinary feat, considering the strength and resources of the crusaders who had gathered from all over Europe to occupy the holy city (in 1099) and had established their strong foothold after the victory, not only in Jerusalem but also in the neighboring lands.
Jerusalem was under the Muslims rule ever since it was conquered in 638 Hijra by Hazrat Umar bin Khattab, the second caliph. The Muslims, however, over the span of four centuries, could not keep their unity and cohesiveness. Weakened by their internal strife, they were divided into different factions. They could not stand the strength of the crusaders, until Sultan Salahuddin appeared on the scene. He reunited the Muslims and served a fatal blow to the crusaders, forcing them to eventually give up their crusades against the Muslims.
Born in 1137, to the ruler of Tikrit (Iraq), Najamuddin, of a prominent Kurdish family, Salahuddin