The early Virginia and New England colonies differed politically, socially, and economically due to the situations that the settlers faced. Throughout many of the letters written about some of the experiences of the earlier settlers, one can easily see a major difference in the way of life of the two colonies. Although many of these colonies differed in the way of life, each colony faced some similar things that they each had to overcome. These challenges made a massive difference in the way that each of the colonies started out and directly influenced the future for both colonies. When these challenges are faced, many of the settlers will create the foundations of their political, social, and economic systems.
The Egyptian Middle Kingdom and Babylonia had many similarities related in geography. Despite this they also had numerous distinct differences. Fundamental similarities manifested as care for the people by the rulers which had recently developed in both societies. As the rulers were no longer concerned with only themselves, but the citizens as well. Both societies had military protection although Babylon organized and conquered the Fertile Crescent and later Egypt.
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected
In examining some of the Old Kingdom’s religious monuments, such as (ADD THE NAME OF THE MONUMENTS), it is apparent that ritual practices had significantly sustained and transformed the religious ideas. For instance, the ideology order of society, religious concepts, and the power of the ruler obviously determined much of what took place in Egypt, including the construction of elite tombs. For instance, upon examining (ADD THE NAME OF THE TOMB), the nature of the Old Kingdom was characterized by a central, steady, and lasting worldview, which hid the fundamental reality of the many people who made up society. It is also apparent that Egyptians were receptive to the world they lived in and understood their monuments to be politically
Han China and Mauryan India had many similarities. They were both bureaucracies, they both had emperors, and both empires established their laws on religious belief. They also had a lot of contrasting ideas for positioning their people, and they had contrasting ideas for their different religious standpoints. One empire put more weight on logic, and the other more on religion. Both Han China and Classical India used social structure systems as a method of political control.
Also, many crimes were committed by those who were at administration of countries which Alexander had conquered. These crimes consisted of being acted improperly to Holy places such as temples and tombs. These governors were at their own master to govern their cities by taking advantage of the new conquests by Alexander because he had to undertake the expedition to India for a long time. They didn’t think that Alexander couldn’t return his home safely because he and his armies had to cope with difficult conditions in Gadrosia. Other important anecdote is worded as follows in the
This made the two consequently different from one another, which makes their values and communities entirely different. But notably, there are significant similarities between the Athenians and Spartan when it comes to politics and government. In order to understand their way of life we must answer the following questions: Who participated in making decisions for the community? Who had an influence of power and held office? How are Sparta and Athens different and similar to each other?
Pointing at the fragmentation that has set in at the familial level, Mills in Power Elite observes, “family institutions are not autonomous centres of national power; on the contrary, these decentralized areas are increasingly shaped by the big three, in which developments of decisive and immediate consequence now occur.” This decentralization is something that is being seen repeatedly in Gold’s relationship to his family and to his Jewish roots, a relationship which he detests for his desire to join the bureaucracy and be one amongst the power elite. As an academician and a partner in a marriage of long standing, Gold feels at loss on both fronts as he sees his marriage as well as he career approaching a dead end. He feels trapped in a marriage that is decaying day by day and hence he has entered into a series of affairs. His family, particularly his father, brother, and sisters constantly tease him at family dinners. His children too are just a means of disappointment for him.
Monarchies were not a very common form of governance within the Greek system. A personal opinion of mine is that this could be a result of the constant in fighting between the Greek city states. A kingdom constantly under attack or constantly attacking cannot sustain forever. If you are always fighting, you are bound to lose eventually and a Monarchy and the reliance of hereditary heirs will immediately cease to exist after the first loss. Macedonia and Epeiros were two famous city states that practiced monarchy governance, but the rulers still shared power with an assembly, introducing aristocracy tendencies.
Discussion Some of these forms of governance had common features. For example, bloodline was crucial to monarchy and also to forms of aristocracy and oligarchy in which powerful families ruled. Tyranny and oligarchy both at times featured the forceful usurping of rule. Some of them also co-existed in that governance embodied elements of more than one form. For example, Sparta had dual monarchs but also a direct democratic Assembly of Spartan citizens whose powers were limited because their agenda was set and decisions subject to veto by executive bodies, the most influential of which (the Gerousia) was populated by senior aristocrats (Brand, n.d.).