They made their city states out of stone buildings. The Mayans believed in many gods and built stone temples. They were a very sophisticated culture and studied the movement of the stars and built complex calendars. They also had a very strong knowledge of mathematics. The Aztecs moved to Lake Texcoco around 1250 A.D.
Both Mesopotamia and Egypt developed their own writing system to keep records and to share the knowledge (Cuneiform and Hieroglyphics). Both civilizations also made a remarkable architectural buildings for religious purposes. In Mesopotamia, ziggurats were created to serve a Sumerian god. In Egypt, pyramids were made for the pharaoh’s tomb. The reason why both Mesopotamia and Egypt practiced a similar religion is because of the geographic features.
Emery at Saqqara north during his excavations there between 1935 -1956 (Edwards 21). While Emery initially believed these early mastabas belonged to the kings of the First Dynasty, more recent work at the site has resulted in their reattribution to high officials. Regardless of their ownership, the mastaba previously believed to belong to King Hor-Aha serves as an excellent example of the evolutionary progress made between more recent predynastic burial pits and the early pyramids. Excepting the brick superstructure which housed 27 cells for storage of funerary goods (Edwards 21), the tomb is simply an enlarged version of the later predynastic burial pits.
American ceramics is a unique style of pottery as well as one of the most ancient industries ever to exist. As early as 24,000 BC, animal and human figurines were made from clay and other materials, then fired by kilns that were partially dug into the ground. It was first made in Pennsylvania in the mid 18th century by the Germans and still exists till today. Without American ceramics, the Ceramics world lack expression (American, 1). From another perspective, ceramics is viewed as unique in history to the world.
"(Document B) Maya architecture also incorporates various art forms and hieroglyphic texts. Masonry architecture built by the Maya recommended craft specialization, central organization, and political power. The architecture was a remarkable achievement because they built great pyramids, stone palaces, temples, ball courts and other ritual buildings that require lots of effort to make. In fact, "for the single home of a Copan nobleman, It has been estimated that at least 80 to 130 workers would have been employed full time to finish in two to three months." (Document B) This proves that the Maya peoples worked very hard to achieve this accomplishment which is what makes this
Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs Hieroglyphs were used as the writing system of the ancient Egyptians for things such as keeping written records, telling stories, writing letters, and more. According to Egyptian tradition writing was invented by the god Thoth to make the people wiser and to strengthen their memory so they called it medu netjer or ‘God’s Words’. Scientists say that there are three different types of hieroglyphics. Phonograms which are signs that represent a specific sound or sound of two or more letters. Ideograms represent ideas like the ones that represent Gods.
It is inconceivable that some of this art was created thousands of years ago, given the intricacy and mesmerizing beauty of some of the pieces there. The exhibits that captured my imagination the most were those collections from the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman civilization. I have always been intrigued by ancient civilization for their vast contributions to the present time. In large, this fascination is a product of the vast amount of knowledge that we have about them from the countless art pieces, sculptures, tombs, literature, writing scrolls, artifacts, clothes and other things that we have been able to uncover and preserve. Moreover, the material that I have acquired in this Humanities class, not only has broadened my knowledge and understanding of those civilization, but also has forged strong connection with them.
The Egyptian Era was an incredible and innovative age. Creating Hieroglyphics, the solar calendar, and many inventions humans still use in everyday life, Egyptians have outlined the rest human history. Throughout the era, Egyptians have created such unique ways to deal with problems and even found a way to preserve their respected rulers and the family of the ruler’s bodies, named mummifying. Th first mummies were found on accident, and archaeologists/scientists have been studying the process ever since then. Mummifying is a complex as well as an unpleasant procedure, and the Egyptians even took a while to perfect it.
Mankind has seen the rise and fall of many prominent civilizations throughout human history, but the most influential civilization to all of human history were the Ancient Egyptians. The civilization of Ancient Egypt thrived throughout the Nile River from 3300 BC to around 300 B.C. when Alexander the Great conquered it. Throughout these 3000 years, the Ancient Egyptians contributed various inventions and knowledge that is still used today. Ancient Egyptians contributed mathematics, astronomy, medicine, astronomy, and the invention of various inventions that are seen in our everyday lives.