The British in the 1700s controlled a massive empire all around the world and they knew how to deal with a rebellion, but they had never had a rebellion where former British residents were the rebels. The colonists had a very extreme reaction to a handful of simple taxes the British put in place that were only supposed to help finance the previous wars in North America, most notably the French and Indian War. The British reacted very reasonably against the colonial tax resistance, and the colonists only worsened the situation as they were overreacting about very small taxes. After the British attempted to pass taxes to help finance the recent wars with France, the colonists began on their rampage against any kind of British tax on the goods they bought. The first tax that Britain passed was the Sugar Act of 1764, this tax was on sugar goods and after a lot of unrest Parliament finally lowered the price of the tax and the colonists were satisfied.
American forces suffered a devastating defeat during the War of 1812 attempting to annex Canada by ignoring various strategic principles. Many Americans believed the assault would be a cakewalk due to Britain being so distracted by the Napoleonic Wars in Europe. President Thomas Jefferson stated “The acquisition of Canada this year, as far as the neighborhood of Quebec, will be a mere matter of marching.” The overconfidence of Jefferson and his generals violated the principles of mass, security, and economy of force. What went wrong? A number of realities were overlooked; terrain, weather, and the general overall physical vastness of Canada.
In the American Revolution France directed its forces to assist the Americans. French aid was pivotal in compelling the British to surrender at Yorktown in 1781. However although the Americans gained much from France’s support it led to no substantial gains for France but it had accumulated a debt of 1,066 million livres. France could not solely rely on its revenue from tax to fund the war thus it frequently borrowed at high rates of interest. The American Revolution combined with the Seven and Nine Years’ Wars caused heavy expenditures for France, it wasn’t capable of raising funds to equate to the level of debt it had.
However, history neglects the effects of hurricanes on the British effort although it greatly challenged the efficiency of the logistics trains and thus the British war effort. The hurricanes devastated the logistics holding centers the British had on the islands off the American coast as evidenced by the great hurricane of 1780. It is interesting to note that General Cornwallis surrendered in 1781, the year after the great hurricane and he often used coastal ship to supply his army in the field. The hurricane season of 1870 had a devastating effect on British military efforts. During the revolutionary war these series of hurricanes contributed to the defeat of British forces particularly the 1780 hurricane
The Stamp Act was enacted on March 22, 1765. The Stamp Act was a tax that people had to pay for every piece of printed paper they used. The Stamp Act was enacted because of the French and Indian war. After the war the French were in a war debt so they had to find a way or be able to pay them back for it. They also used the money that they collected to help pay for the costs of defending and protecting the American Frontier near the Appalachian Mountains.
Parliament had to pay for the war, even though the British won. They protected the colonists with a permanent army in North America from Indian attacks. In order to help pay for the taxes of war, they passed the Sugar Act in 1764. This act placed taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonists. British troops stepped up the search for smuggled good and smugglers were treated
The squabbling between the Natives and the colonists continued, and was simply tacked onto the already massive debt accumulated by the British Empire after the end of the Seven Years War. Victory has a price tag, and British did not have the money to pay. With nowhere else to turn, Britain looked to its North American colonies to uphold their end of the deal. To Parliament, this decision fit into the system of mercantilism which defined the relationship between Britain and her colonies. Crippling debt or not, wealth was a resource to be extracted like any other, and the purpose of these colonies was first and foremost to enrich their mother
(America Past and Present, P. 108) These two decisions irritated the colonist because having British troops in the colonies made the colonist feel that, one they were being controlled, and two being obstructed from legitimate economic development. (America Past and Present, P. 108) After the war, Britain was also left with an overwhelming national debt. Because Great Britain had contributed so generously finically (so generously that they were left in debt), to a war that gained the British colonist territorial right to long disputed regions in North America. Britain shortly after felt that it was only fair that the colonist start raising revenues (through increased taxation) for the debt Britain was left with. Despite the common belief that taxes were what led to the American Revolution.
It wasn 't until November 1, 1765 till it took effect. “ one patriot said. The seven years of war was also part of the cause for the Act. It was because the people did not want taxes on their paper.The Sons of Liberty they were the patriots and they rioted over the Stamp Act. It put Great Britain in national debt in 122 million pounds.
The Stamp Act Great Britain had ways, finding ways to raise revenue from the colonist. In 1733 George Grenville would create the Stamp Act in other efforts to raise money for British military, which had divested money lost due to the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act would put an embossed stamp on printed papers. Such as newspapers, bonds, licenses, playing cards, diplomas, and anything that was printed for use. Americans were appalled by these acts and felt violated.