Age Group: 65-75 Environment: Home Alzheimer’s Disease is a progressive disease, meaning memory loss is mild in the beginning, but it worsens over time to the extent that individuals are unable to have conversations or respond to their surroundings. A group of brain disorders that causes the loss of intellectual and social skills brain cells degenerate and die causing a steady decline in the memory and mental function. The likelihood of having Alzheimer’s increases tremendously after the age of 70. There are no genetic risk factors and Alzheimer’s disease is more prevalent in African Americans and Hispanics. Some of the problems of this disease is: Memory lapses ADL’s Medication management Social participation Inability to remember recent
This could suggest that Kurt Cobain had a smaller hippocampus, which made him more vulnerable to develop mental disorders like depression. Yvette and Sheline (2011) did research on depression and the hippocampus. They state that there’s an interaction between depression and the volume of the hippocampus: depression correlates with a smaller hippocampus. This is caused by changes in the amount of glia cells and neuropil content (Willard, Riddle, Forbes & Shively, 2013). Glia cells are important for the speed and quality of communication between neurons, so less glia can result in slower or less communication between neurons, which in turn causes the hippocampus to be reduced in size (Willard et al.,
Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging. The condition is progressive and worsens over time; in the later stages, people with dementia become unable to carry out everyday activities and find it difficult to convey their thoughts and feelings. As the symptoms become more profound, they
It was conferred that CBT was a better treatment option considering its long-term benefits. It is because CBT helps participants develop the necessary coping skills required to combat depression and teaches them to retain the adaptive skills even after the treatment has ended. The results also indicated that participants who were treated with CBT were less likely to replace when compared to the
Homelessness increases the chances of degrading health and other illnesses. If better housing was available, then people who are homeless would not have bad physical health issues because they are in a place better suited for healthier life; meanwhile, their mental health can improve because they are in a better position. Single homeless mothers with kids to take care of believe that education and jobs with higher wages can get them and others off the streets (Gültekin et. al, 2016, p. 404). If better jobs were offered to the homeless, then unemployment rates could drop to even lower percentages.
Although, twelve-hour shifts may be cost-effective for employers, by reducing the number of employees necessary, research shows that it may not be the most efficient way to handle the budgeting problems, because it leads to so many negative adverse effects. David Aveyard, an intensive care unit nurse, has varying viewpoints of twelve-hour shifts, and evaluates both the positive and negative aspects of working longer shift times. He conducted a literature review, which evaluated the effects of twelve-hour shifts in a critical care setting. Aveyard only used articles that were research-based, published in a peer-reviewed nursing journal and relating to intensive care unit (ICU) nursing, patients and twelve-hour
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality for adults. The main risk factors for the development of CVD include hypertension, obesity, alcohol consumption, and tobacco use; these factors are prevented or reduced through lifestyle changes (Poudel & Sumi, 2017). The result of the study found that perceived susceptibility to CVDs was low among adults, which means that people do not feel susceptible to CVDs. The study also showed the low perceived severity suggested that young adults did not recognize their own risk status. The perceived benefits were good among participants; they agreed that eating a healthy diet and exercising for 30 min a day was one of the best methods to prevent heart attack or stroke (Poudel & Sumi, 2017).
• Ego Integrity vs. Despair As we grow older (65+ yrs) and become senior citizens, we tend to slow down our productivity, and explore life as a retired person. Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of wisdom. Erikson’s (1959). Her theory of psychosocial development has eight distinct stages, like Freud, Erikson assumes that a crisis occurs at each stage of development, for Erikson (1963), these crises are of a psychosocial nature because they involve psychological needs of the individual (i.e.
Perception of aging and BSN core competencies discussion My perception of aging and senility were different when compared with the facts on aging pre-assessment quiz. The prevalence of individuals that have symptoms of dementia is much higher than I believed. Another misconception I had was believing elderly people were happier than younger individuals. Honestly, the thought of retiring, experiencing the freedom to spend time with loved ones, and enjoying hobbies would lead me to think elders would be happier than younger people. I was also pleasantly surprised to see that only 5% of people that are older than 65 years reside in long-term facilities.
Patients experience less dementia, or cognition decline, than individuals with untreated brain illness. Depression, for example, is associated with an increased risk of subsequent dementia when untreated. Consider pharmacology augmenting ECT. As we age, medications metabolize differently, interact more, and can cause life threatening side effects. Even medication that a patient has taken safely for years can, one day out of the blue, cause dizziness and falls.