Equally as important is when Juror 8 began to the defend the African American child. When he said, “Let me ask you this: Do you really think the boy'd shout out a thing like that so the whole neighborhood could hear him? I don't think so - he's much too bright for that.”Juror 8 wanted to make justice. He knew that every witness and the jury was going by judgement. Everyone was going by the what they saw for example in the color of the child’s skin instead about the false facts that the witnesses were giving.
Throughout this story, Atticus shows that he is a courageous, wise, and kind character. Atticus is presented through the story as a strong, courageous character. At the beginning of the novel, Atticus is asked by the sheriff to defend Tom Robinson, a black man that has been accused of rape. Atticus goes against the whole town and decides that he is going to do the best of his ability to make sure that he and his client win the case. He got a lot of hate by doing this because it was unlawful to defend a negro man.
Throughout the story Jem realizes that he shouldn’t judge people until he understands them. Throughout the story Scout,Jem, and Dill learn important life lessons and mature as people as the story goes on. At the beginning of the story Charles Baker Harris known as Dill was a sweet innocent little kid who wanted to do everything on impulse without thinking about the consequences. Throughout the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Dill learns the harsh reality of real life. He realizes that life is not as fair as it should be after the trial the trial of Tom Robinson and how people accused him of rape because he was black, even though he was clearly innocent and there was no solid evidence to prove him guilty.
Perhaps the most compelling evidence of the mockingbird 's symbol of innocence is the character of Tom Robinson. Tom is a young, married black man who lives in Maycomb. During the book, the people of Maycomb convict Tom of a crime he did not commit, eventually leading to his demise. In reality, his only crime, as Atticus Finch, Scout 's father says, was having, “the unmitigated temerity to ‘feel sorry’ for a white woman.” The woman mentioned is Mayella Ewell, a young poor woman abused by her father. As Tom feels empathy for her situation, he does little chores for her.
The evidence boils down to you-did-I-didn 't. The jury couldn 't possibly be expected to take Tom Robinson 's word against the Ewells, '" Atticus solemnly explains this to his brother. First of all, Atticus demonstrates courage when he undertakes the task of defending Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of rape. Atticus knows he won 't win the case and like Mrs. Dubose in her battle against morphine, he is "licked" before he begins. Nevertheless, Atticus knows that Tom is innocent and that he must fight for him, since no one else will.
By listing how “some people are smarter than others, some people have more opportunity than others” and how “some people are born gifted”(Lee 233), Atticus proves to the jury they are not equal to Tom Robinson. He doesn’t want the jurors to convict Tom based on their fear that black men will gain more power. He alludes to their fear of blacks becoming more powerful to reassure this one case isn’t going to change anything. Atticus reassures the men they are only equal because the law reads in “courts all men are created equal”(Lee 233). By establishing this with the jurors, he explains in their court system a black man is equal to a white man and a poor man is equal to a rich man.
When defending a black man in court, Atticus says, “You know the truth, and the truth is this: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women-black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (273). This public defense of minorities is not a seldom action for Atticus. He takes his community members and even his own family mistreating him for defending a black man on nearly a daily basis, but still does it. Due to the fact he is a modern hero, all modern heroes should exhibit this.
Scout and Jem’s father, Atticus Finch is a modern viewed broad perspective lawyer who believes in integration, democracy and equality. Judge Taylor appoints Atticus to defend Tom Robinson, a black man who has been accused of raping a young white woman, Mayella Ewell. Although many of Maycomb 's citizens disapprove, Atticus agrees to defend Tom to the best of his ability. Other children taunt Jem and Scout for Atticus 's actions, calling him a "nigger-lover". Although the book is fictional,
The first one is from the point of Robert Ewell, a white man judging and accusing a black man. The second one is Tom Robinson’s, telling the whole story the way he sees it. But still there is no sure evidence that he is innocent. As Harper Lee uses specific stylistic and language devices through different characters at the trial, such as ‘’you’re a mighty good fellow, it seems-did all this for one penny?’’- Mr.Gilmer, the reader slowly starts to sympathize with Tom Robinson and sees the trial from the same point of view as the narrator (Scout Finch) In a way the author manipulates the reader with mainly the language and innocence image of Tom. When Tom comments during a conversation with Mr.Gilmer that he ‘’felt sorry for her (Mayella) ‘’ Lee then widens the vision of Tom as an innocent man with ‘‘the witness realized his mistake and shifted uncomfortably in the chair.’’ In this part Tom Robinsons admits his sorrow for a white woman, which was in that time a theme unspeakable of.
Tom Robinson was a black man convicted of rape at a time when the Jim Crow laws were at their most potent, thus there was a large power divide between the white population and the black one. Since the jury was composed of all white men the odds facing Atticus’s success in this case where astronomical. However, Atticus chooses to take the case. In taking the case alone Atticus demonstrates great social courage, for social courage is when you persevere to the end of a task despite social adversity and pushback. This pushback is shown by multiple instances in which Jem and Scout are made fun of for their father is a “n****r lover”.
What justice would there be to take this life?” ( Gaines pg: 8) This is a perfect example on how the attorney believes Jefferson is guilty in his case because in the end he gave the jury a mental image for a moment to vision Jefferson being guilty and then comparing the relationship on whether it matters to keep this man alive or not. All the evidence the attorney had to present Jefferson’s defense showed how much of a difference it is to be black rather then white in the
Atticus shows courage by defending a black man in court in his extremely racist town. Judge Taylor asked Atticus to defend the black man, Tom Robinson who was on trial for his life. The judge knew Atticus would fight for Tom fairly. Atticus accepted this challenge knowing that the citizens of Maycomb may disagree with his decision. He believed every individual was equal and Atticus felt it was his obligation to represent him to the best of his ability.
When trying to convince someone to believe what you believe, what you say and how you say it can affect the out outcome. In To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, Atticus uses this to his benefit for his closing statement in the trials. Atticus Finch is a respectable lawyer who chose to defend Tom Robinson, an African-American who was accused of raping a white woman. Tom is innocent, but in the 1930s the word of a black man 's against a two white peoples was not worth much. Mayella, the girl Tom supposedly raped, asked Tom to come inside and help with a broken door.
The main priority is to discuss the defendant’s innocence or guilt. By keeping the subject of discussion on the boy, Juror Eight, has an easier time convincing the rest of the jury that he is not guilty of the murder of his father. Juror Three, the main antagonist of Twelve Angry Men, doesn’t possess the perseverance that Juror Eight does. Juror Three doesn’t have a reasonable cause, which in turn weakens his argument. His bottled up emotions over his son become a problem later in the play when
Tom Robinson is in court because he is accused of raping Bob Ewell 's daughter. Tom is a black man and during that time they were still being discriminated and being treated unfairly. Bob is a white man and when a white man accuses a black man of anything the white man is the outcome is usually in the white man 's favor. In the courthouse Atticus was trying to defend Tom Robinson, he uses an allusion and says, "But there is one way in this country in which all men are created equal--there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein..." (210). Atticus alludes the jury to two of the most famous men in the era.