whose family is originally from the three mentioned areas. The criminal justice system in the U.S. has discriminated against the Latino over time. Many proposals and strategies to address the disparate treatment of Latino/as within the criminal justice system remain unimplemented Latinos constitute the second largest ethnic and racial group in the US whites with a population of 50.5 million meaning that one in every six people in America and one in four children aged 18 years and below are Latino. Despite the fact that Latinos represent a similar proportion as whites, they are dramatically overrepresented as crime victims in our courts, jails and prisons. According to research, they receive harsher treatment in arrests, pretrial proceeding and sentencing than whites charged with same offenses (Morin & Delgado, 2009).
In 2016, the poverty rate was increased to 12.7 percent of the U.S. As the statistic shows poverty in the U.S is only growing and isn't being seen or talked about. Primarily because it increases crime. Before I describe the impacts of poverty in the U.S I want to share the origins of poverty. The first sentence of american-historama.org says, during the Great Depression massive numbers of Americans lived in poverty. The people who lived in poverty had been denied an income sufficient
As Table 2 depicts, the disparity in unemployment rates between high school graduates and dropouts, reaching a apex of 26.7% during the 2009 recession, has continued to place the advantage upon the high school graduate. In 2016, 31.9% of high school dropouts remained jobless, while their peers who possessed high school diplomas maintained a relatively low unemployment rate of 13.1%. Furthermore, one-third of adults lacking a high school diploma lived below the poverty line in 2011, while less than 20% of high school graduates suffer under the same conditions (Youth Indicators 2011; America). In addition, the average dropout will cost taxpayers an average of $292,000 over a lifetime due to costs of providing food stamps and other aid to dropouts and of incarcerating those who turn to crime. (Breslow).
In addition to higher poverty rates, blacks suffer from concentrated poverty. 50 percent of African American children live in neighborhoods with concentrated poverty, compared to only a little more than a tenth of poor white children who live in similar neighborhoods. Children in neighborhoods with concentrated poverty experience more social and behavioral problems, have lower grades, and are more likely to drop out of high school. Recent studies have suggested that reducing children’s exposure to concentrated poverty can improve their chances of better economic mobility and a brighter future
In Peter Van Buren article, Goodnight American Dream: The middle Class is Now a Minority, Van Buren details this division. Once representing 62% of Americans the middle class went from the backbone of our country to a minority. Due to the growing social inequality gap since 1970, the middle class is disappearing at a steady rate, now representing 43% of all Americans. This division of social classes divide the nation unequally as more people are falling to the lower class America. In 1970, 29% of the nation income went to the upper class of America, now it is staggering 49% of the national income will go towards the already wealthy (Van Buren).
In 2012, statistics showed that prisons were overcrowded by 41 percent, the highest since 2004. Overcrowded prisons can become highly ineffective as space becomes limited and the amount of inmates to monitor increases. This means more jobs that are necessary for guards which then equals more tax money invested into the penal system. CNN provides information acquired by the United States census which shows how much money is spent on students compared to prisoners per year separated by states. The lowest amount provided per prisoner is in Kentucky where each prisoner costs around $12,000 whereas each student costs a little under $10,000.
For men, stable, good paying jobs were and are scarce due to racial discrimination. In 2011, the poverty rate for blacks was 27.6% compared to 9.8% of blacks. The percent of young women who will marry has decreased 22% for black women versus 3% for white women over the course of 50 years. This is partially due to the pool of marriageable men. The percent of extramarital births has risen 34% for black mothers and 22% for white mothers over 40 years, influenced
According to fivethirtyeight.com “ In 2014, only half of 30-year-olds could say the same. The slowdown in mobility shows up in all 50 states and is true across the income spectrum. The biggest declines were among the children of middle-class families” (Casslem). This is a good point because kids can’t go very far if they can’t if there parents can’t make money and help them go somewhere in the
Samuel.2006). Huddle(1990) also found that at all levels of government, the financial losses caused by immigration amounted to $42.5 billion. However, Fix and Passel in urban research institutes challenge this conclusion. They argue that these studies, in particular, are overestimating the welfare consumed by immigrants and underestimating the economic benefits generated through immigration population. According to their research, immigration contributed $50 billion in revenue, which is more than the estimated net loss of $42.5 billion from
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Fertility is one of the major components of population growth. The past few decades have witnessed a major decline in world fertility majorly from developed countries, making global and even regional aggregates have widespread diversity in fertility change. In Asia and Latin America fertility declines over the past half century have been very permeating. Between the early 1950s and the early 2000s, the total fertility rate (TFR) dropped from 5.7 to 2.4 births per woman in Asia and from 5.9 to 2.3 births per woman in Latin America. In these regions just a few nations still have fertility rates higher than four births per woman (Bongaarts, 2011).
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
A hispanic female earns roughly 54 cents for every dollar earned by a white. This accounts for a loss of almost $24,000 in a year’s time. In 2012 the jobless rate was 10.3% for hispanics. This is one of the many reasons that a hispanic person has been discriminated at work. A hispanic not only get discriminated in their workplace
Fresno County is located in the central regions of California (CA). Current estimates put the population at around 965,000 which represents a huge 20% increase over the last 14 years. Most of the population growth came from the Hispanic and Asian communities, which now represent over 33% of the total population. Given the County 's proximity to both Sacramento and Los Angeles, they too suffer from a large number of crimes and death related to drug abuse and addiction. Startling Statistical Information About Drug Abuse in Fresno County, California While Trust for America 's Health reported the state of California has the 15th lowest fatality rate (10.6 out of every 100,000 people) from drug overdose, the number is quite misleading considering the vast population of the state.
Ethnically diverse, the communities aforementioned are challenged with high rates of poverty low rates of educational attainment. Economically, Oakland and the 94606 and 94607 zip codes are trailing the state average in terms of median household income and unemployment. The median incomes are as follows: California median income of $61,094, Oakland median income $52,583, San Antonio median income $37,895, West Oakland median income $34,000. The unemployment rates are: California 6.3%, Oakland 5.5%, San Antonio 11%, West Oakland 14%. Only 58% of the residents of San Antonio completed high school and only 16% hold a Bachelor’s degree, whereas the high school graduation rate is slightly higher at 66% with 25% of the residents completing
Six decades after the country 's independence, and during the 21st century Female foeticide still continues in India. Women constitute half of the population in India, meaning half of the population has been deprived of its self-respect and subjugated into its grim existence. Infant mortality in India continues to remain higher than that of males. The percentage of girls enrolled in schools is 49% compared to 73% of boys, and the percentage of employed women has dropped from 71% to 41%. Crimes against women have also increased.