Chapter 13 – Exercise: Detailed Observation for Jonah 4:1-11.
Jonah’s Prayer of Displeasure of Prayer (4:1-3)
1 “But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was very angry.”
Observation: vs.1 is a continuation of chapter 3. The word “exceedingly” stands out. Because Jonah was more than displeased with God, that would make him angry [causation]. The words “exceedingly” and “very” are used to emphasize displeased and angry. These words appear to set the tone for the chapter. Note: “angry”.
Questions: Why does the writer accentuate the words displeased and angry? What are the implications? The end of chapter three appears to be a success for the mission. So, what went wrong?
2 “And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was not …show more content…
So, Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd.”
Observation: “Now” indicates a shift in the narrative. The writer moves the focus by describing a series of the LORD’S “appointments.” The Hebrew word for “evil” or “discomfort” is the same word used in 1:2 (evil of Nineveh) and 3:10 (of “disaster” …). This implies the LORD is more committed to Jonah’s character than his comfort. This plant is Lord appointed. God made a provision for this plant to protect Jonah. Jonah was exceedingly [repetitious, substantiation]
Question: What was Jonah supposed to understand from the episode with the gourd? Does the episode answer Jonah’s complaint? If not, what is its function? Why did Jonah need a shadow when he already had shade from the “booth”? What happened to the “booth”? How large was this plant?
7 “But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.”
Observation: God appointed and now destroys the plant. God appoints a harassing element. The word “smote” appears to demonstrate …show more content…
Why was God angry? Was He making a point?
8 “And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, It is better for me to die than to live.”
Observation: When the sun comes up in the east, the air currents do appear to travel westward. The word “vehement” is anger sounding. Without the booth and the plant, Jonah had nothing to protect him from the strong winds and all they blew towards him. And, nothing to protect him from the hot sun beating down on him. This verse reminds me of the direst Job endured. Jonah requested he die because he didn’t want to live. This is a substantiation.
Question: Did Jonah want to die because of the pain he was enduring from the elements? Or did he want to die because of his guilt? Does Jonah mean to die is better for himself or for the
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6.1. Given the passage’s place in the canon and genre, how will its message be communicated? Because Jonah fits in the category of History, it reflects on what were the important events in past. The history also teaches that God helps those who acknowledge and follow him but he punished those who turn their backs against him.
(Edwards) It is another convincing example that God’s wrath is disastrous and serves as a simile to compare god’s might. Edwards also stated, “God’s wrath is a bent bow that is ready to strike at any time.” (Edwards) The redundancy in comparing God’s power is to ensure the audience that nothing can save them except for forgiveness.
Jonathan Edwards, in the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" presents his beliefs through the usage of repetition and imagery. He expresses his thoughts to persuade readers of the wrath of God. Edwards usage of words and his repetition allows the reader to undestand what he wants the congregation to grasp from the text. In the sermon Edward repeats the phrase " the wrath of God" he emphasizes on the wrath of Almighty God to make it known that no one has the power to resist God, a persons actions can dertermine their destiny which can either be hell or heaven. the purpose of his repetion was to terrify the potestants into obeying his demands and prevent them into commiting a sin and burning into the firey pot of
He uses this comparison to get people listening to his sermon to think about how when God releases his anger it is going to be done with a great force. Jonathan Edwards uses metaphors to compare God’s anger to the string of a bow being pulled, ready to let go,”The bow of God’s wrath is bent, and the arrow made ready on the string, and justice bends the arrow at your heart, and strains the bow, and it is nothing but the mere pleasure of God, and that of an angry God, without any promise or obligation at all, that keeps the arrow one moment from being made drunk with your blood”. In this comparison he proves that God’s wrath has the potential to come again with a great power and destroy mankind if he chose to do so. Finally Edwards uses imagery to show that man is held in the hand of God and and that there is no hope left for mankind,” The God that hold you over the pit of hell, much as one holds a spider, or some loathsome insect over the fire, abhors you, and is dreadfully provoked”. With all these examples you can see Edwards views toward human nature.
This is another example of a metaphor that changes the congregation's perspective on Hell. In the sermon he says “ The God that holds you over a pit of Hell, much as one holds a spider, or some loathsome insect over the fire, and is dreadfully provoked: his wrath towards you burns like fire” (Edwards 89). This illustration is how human beings are looked at by God. Edward is telling the people they are like the spiders, vulnerable and helpless. Humans have no hesitation in crushing a spider, and killing it.
In order to emphasize God’s contempt for the audience, Jonathan Edwards utilizes inflammatory diction and comparisons of God’s anger to a bow and arrow and “black clouds” to instill fear in the audience so that they will accept God as their savior, provoking a religious revival. Throughout the sermon, Edwards utilizes “fiery” phrases such as “furnace of wrath”, “wrath…burns like fire”, and “glowing flames of the wrath of God” in order to establish a connection between God’s fury and a burning fire, reaffirming the reality of going to hell, as hell is commonly associated with fire. Because fires are also very devastating and unpredictable, Edwards emphasizes the power and degree of God’s disdain and his ability to cause drastic change at unexpected times, making God’s patience seem fragile.
He started to get angry and question if there was a god or not, all he had cared about was his father and surviving. The quote “Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to live. Never shall I forget those moments which murdered
He does not believe that his people should be suffering for no reason. “ Praised be thy Holy Name, for having chosen us to be slaughtered on Thine altar?” (Pg.67) This quote contained the device of imagery. There is a boy who looks at all those people with hope, but then there is
Quotes : ” There is a tide in the affairs of men. Which taken at the flood, leads on to fortune; Omitted, all the voyage of their life Is bound in shallows and in miseries .”(4.3.11) This quote is important because it sums up the idea of interaction between fate of people and free will. Brutus imagines having effect on both fate and free will.
Rhetorical Analysis of Jonathan edwards’s Sinners in the hand of an angry god: jeremiad Jonathan edwards, is known as one of the most important religious figures of the great awakening, edwards became known for his zealous sermon “sinners at the hand of an angry god”. During his sermon he implies that if his congregation does not repent to christ they are in “danger of great wrath and infinite misery”. Throughout this sermon edwards uses literary devices such as strong diction, powerful syntax and juxtaposition to save his congregation from eternal damnation. Throughout Edwards’s sermon the use of turgid diction is exceedingly prevalent.
“The wrath of God is like great waters that are damned from the present; they increase; more and more, and rise higher and higher, till an outlet is give; and the longer the stream is stopped, the more rapid and mighty its course, when once it is let loose." In this quotation, Edwards uses
In crafting his highly effective sermon, Edwards utilizes his authority as a man of God and as an interpreter of the scriptures, a logical and direct organization of arguments, and violent imagery to convince his audience of the vengeance of God against man. Jonathan Edwards begins his sermon by quoting
Exegetical Outline Jonah’s commission from God and His Response 1:1:17 2.1.1 God Commands Jonah to go to Nineveh……………...……………………………1:1-2 2.1.2 Jonah disobeys God’s command and flees………………………………. ………….1:3 2.1.3 The storm brings out Jonah’s confession…………………………………………1:4-10 2.1.4 God calms the storm…………...………………………………………..……. …1:11-16 2.1.5 Jonah is swallowed by the great fish ………………..…………………..…………1:17 2.2 Jonah prays from the belly of the fish………………………………………………2:1-10 2.2.1 God hears Jonah’s prayer and Jonah vows…………………………………………2:1-9 2.2.2 God causes the fish to leave Jonah……………………………………………...…..
In the beginning God created the Heaven and the Earth in his sovereignty . Mother Nature was a part of this creation and continues to afflict man with its unpredictability and inconsistency to this day. Humans can control many things on Earth, yet cannot control Mother Nature nor their lifespan. Combining these two variables, the stories of “The Open Boat” by Stephen Crane and “Jonah” in the Bible inspired by God emerge. In this essay I argue that when man is confronted by Mother Nature, the only way man can find stability in an otherwise unstable phenomena is by submitting to God.