He was known for his philosophical interests, Aurelius was one of the most respected emperors through out the whole Roman history. Marcus was born with a wealthy and politically family member. When Aurelius becoming a grown up emperor, he has becoming a very outstanding and dedicated student. He even learns a language known as Latin and Greek. But, at some point,
The words of Marcus Aurelius in The Meditations highlighted how rulership was conceived of good statesmanship at the time he was ruling the Roman Empire. The Meditations was written in the form of a personal notebook, most probably written while Aurelius was on campaign in central Europe c. AD 171-175. The treatise was organized in twelve different books, providing a guideline on how to use reason and logic, how to control one’s emotions, and how to practice self-mastery. (enotes, 2014) Marcus Aurelius was a philosopher as well as a Roman Emperor and was numbered the last of the “five good emperors”. According to the great historian Edward Gibbon, this was an era in which “the Roman Empire was governed by absolute power, under the guidance of wisdom and virtue.” (Edward Gibbon, vol.
Gaius Messius Quintus Decius was the Roman Emperor who ruled from 249 AD to 251 AD. Little is known about Decius’s life before becoming a military leader, which ended in his ascension to the throne. However, a few scholars have attempted to piece together what information is known. Geoffrey Nathan is one such author. In his article, "Trajan Decius (249-251 A.D.) and Usurpers during His Reign”, Nathan indicates that Decius was born into an aristocratic senatorial family around 201 AD.
Augustus Octavian Augustus Octavian was the emperor that transformed Rome. With the powers of his influence, Augustus managed to hold ultimate control of every aspect of Rome. Augustus came into a bare and dry Republic, but through his influence, he left a clothed and a prosperous Empire. Augustus rise to power was influenced by his relationship with Julius Caesar; he was Caesar’s grand-nephew, and Caesar treated him like his own son (Richardson, 2012, p. 7). Following Julius Caesar’ assassination, Augustus assumed the name Caesar Gaius Julius Octovian thus making it apparent that he was Caesar’s heir.
In Ancient Rome, leaders rose and fell swiftly. To ensure that Augustus kept his power, he made sure to take divine influences into consideration, like his adoptive father, Julius Caesar, who was declared a god. He also made a point to prove to his subjects that the gods loved him, by restoring 82 temples that had been falling apart or weren’t used. By doing this restoration, he gained
In the Meditations the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, a Stoic, extolls the character and actions of his father for his humility, sobriety, justness, lack of anger, and patience. He places reason as that which, “promises freedom from hasty judgement, and friendship towards men, and obedience to the gods.” He argues that since life is fleeting man must live for the day, in the present, realizing that the memory of him will die with those who die soon after. To Aurelius then, since death happens to all people, as does both good and bad, it is virtuous actions through the “commands of reason” that bring truth, love, and contentment. Virtue then is the highest quality in man, and it is governed by reason. Virtue is centered in and willfully pursued by human nature.
The Life of Marcus Antonius Marcus Antonius is popularly known as a “Roman politician and general under Julius Caesar and later triumvir, who, with Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, was defeated by Octavian in the last of the civil wars that destroyed the Roman Republic” (Grant). On the other hand, Rosell mentions that “Marcus Antonius played a critical role in transforming the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.” For the purposes of this paper, the life of Marcus Antonius will be discussed. Antony’s Early Life Mark Antony has the same name with his father and grandfather. However, his father was also called as Creticus because of his military role in Crete; and his grandfather, who was considered as one of the
The Life of Marius, written by Plutarch, is a fascinating ancient source detailing the career of the Roman Gaius Marius, 127-86BC. While there are interpretive and reliability issues, the Life of Marius is a particularly useful and significant source. It is our only extensive primary source on Marius, who was a key political figure of late Republican Rome. Additionally, Plutarch’s work indicates not only many crucial military and political development in Rome in the time period, but also gives a reflection of Plutarch’s own Rome and its values and political climate. In order to complete any analysis of the Life of Marius, it is necessary to understand the author and context of the work.
The adopted son of the great Julius Caesar, Gaius Octavius born in 23rd of September 63 BC and reigned from 27 BC-14 AD. Although he never claimed the title of an emperor, he was in fact the first emperor of Rome. The process taken by Gaius Octavius to become Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus and the sequence of events that led to Octavian eliminating his potential threats to his succession was a significant historical figures. Event that was taken by Gaius Octavianus in order for his succession of becoming Augustus was through Eliminating political parties through war and through proscription, Avenging Caesars death(second triumvirate vs Cassius and Brutus) and the battle of Actium in which will be furtherly discussed. The assassination of the
The philosopher Socrates and his thought process have shaped Greek philosophical thinking for generations. He is revered by academics and feared by others due to his complex method of thinking and attempt to understand the deeper workings of life. He believes that knowledge is directly related to virtue so in order to live a virtuous life one must seek knowledge. The main goal of Socrates’ philosophical work and teaching was not to get someone to realize a particular fact but rather to entice philosophical thinking and ultimately strive for perfection of the human character. The Socratic method was just a means to an end for Socrates and the end was this excellence.