Book Review 2: Soldiers, Statesmen, and Cold War Crises by Richard Betts Summary: Betts starts off his book by recognizing the ambiguity around the advocacy of the use of force in a crisis by military leaders even though there is a prevalent assumption that military professionals are more aggressive than diplomats and politicians. He states he writes the book in order to provide a comprehensive survey of the postwar role of American military men in decisions on their most essential function, their use of force in combat. Betts acknowledges the vast availability of literature on military participation in decisions on defense budgets and weapons procurement, but feels there is a void when looking at decision-making from the perspective of military leadership versus civilian leadership.
The novel, A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America’s Last Years in Vietnam, written by Lewis Sorley, is an important and influential book that sheds light on the often neglected final years in Vietnam from 1968 to 1975 and revises our knowledge of the war and its conclusion. Lewis Sorley is an American intelligence analyst and military historian. Sorley spent much time interviewing those who have served in Vietnam so that he could gain information on their experiences and how the war truly was for them. This novel includes live stories from those willing enough to share their experiences. Sorely explains throughout the novel that Vietnam may not be as we thought it to be, but actually much more.
The United States required a moral authority to justify militarization and intervention in a war that was not being fought on American soil. That moral authority was granted by the nation’s political leadership to defend democratic values globally, not just in the U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt claimed that the defense of “freedom and democratic values” now depended on U.S. leadership (Document
In the year of 1954, was the beginning of reunification of communism within Vietnam. A great number of events were taken place within this time, and new events were being established. This has embarked a positive and negative effect on Vietnam, and has made its way up to the United States. Where the role of Caputo played an important role of the story that tells about his experiences he faced. From the time, he was a suburban boy who took on the responsibility of becoming a United States Marine.
Many soldiers are not re-enlisting or are deserting before their nine-month re-enlistment has ended. General Washington, desperate to keep an army together to fight the war against Britain has asked us soldiers look into our hearts and ask ourselves the following question: Will you quit? To quit would be to not re-enlist. I have decided to not re-enlist for three reasons which are high chances of illness, horrible lodging and weather, and sparse food and clothing.
It would be horrible for a husband to be yanked from his wife and kids, then to find out he died fighting in a war he didn’t even sign up for. If a man has children, or his wife is expecting, he should be exempted. Some would argue that the mandatory draft was necessary, that “the U.S. military must remain prepared to fight a really big war that might require a much larger force” (Barno/Bensahel). To protect against that, there would be safeguards put into the mandatory draft. If the amount of soldiers in the military by volunteer dropped to a point that was too low to fight, the protections such as college and family, would be stripped, and the age range upped from 18-25 to 18-30.
“The Draft,” as it is commonly referred to, was enacted in September of 1940. Even though the United States was not yet involved in World War II when the act was passed, President Roosevelt regarded it as a vital method of training American men for military service. By 1940, tensions between the United States and Germany were rising as the Nazis had invaded numerous European countries and the news of concentration camps was spreading. Throughout July of 1940, England was the next country to face Nazi aggression, as they faced attacks from the German airforce and navy. With fears that America would be the next country to face a German invasion, Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training and Service Act, also proclaiming, “America stands
The American’s setback in Vietnam War is already tattooed in their history. It triggered shameful criticism both to General William Westmoreland and the US government. Even today, many Americans still ask whether the American effort in Vietnam was a sin, a blunder, an indispensable war, a noble cause, or an idealistic campaign (History Learning Site, 2015). Instrumental to this campaign was American General William C. Westmoreland who engineered the build-up and consolidation of U.S. military forces in South Vietnam. He is considered to be the primary reason why he was not able to win the war in Vietnam as he overestimated the American people’s patience and tolerance of friendly losses.
Throughout Barno’s essay he makes some very good points about the toll or war and how it impacts the soldiers, giving specific examples from his son’s tours. He uses his own son as an example because his son got called back for combat and admits he was angry about it. His personal connection to repeated service gives credibility to his position about reinstating the lottery draft. Although these are all good points when trying to appeal to the masses, this is the wrong approach to the problem. He needs to target the recent trend of starting a military action without first consenting the congress or the public on their opinion.
Initially, the US troops were professionally trained and were motivated to fight for their country. However, as the war went on the US needed more soldiers and they introduced conscription. Many were young, scared and with no experience on how to survive in jungles with heat and humid. Many wanted to go back home alive with no motivation to fight for their country. To solve this "problem" the army decided to have a 1-year policy which soon backfired as soon as the soldiers got any experience it was time to go back home.
Throughout history, countries are inevitably pulled into conflicts that result in war. These conflicts usually occur because of interests in: economic gain, territorial gain, religion, and nationalism. America, like every country, needs a military to defend itself, especially when tensions arise in other parts of the world and when militia numbers start to decrease. This then allows the government to draft its population to serve in the military. People argue that young men and women’s bright lives are often cut short, and not allowed their Constitutional right to “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness”, but there are many benefits for the nation and the individual by serving one’s country.
It well safeguards the position of the capitalist American society and the American civilization and further points out on them to be unable to be educated and be aware of their own society. 7) What could be improved on? By bringing the other side of the coin into the picture the draft can be improved and a conclusion can be drawn, Also, putting up empirical evidence and research work can strengthen the claim in the draft.
The United States of America is the single nation with the largest, most powerful, as well as the most funded military. The United states commonly gets involved with other nations purely based off the fact that it is militarily capable. In the past the United States has had to implement several drafts to support the military’s need for more troops. The question is, in this day and age, would it be acceptable for the United States to order a national mandatory military conscription to fuel the military? When speaking of a military conscription it is important to recognize that the idea behind a mandatory conscription is to have the nations citizens enlist in the military by force.
The United States should call for mandatory military service to ensure the freedom and liberty for the children of tomorrow. A lot of people do not know the United States has called for mandatory military service before, just with a different name, the draft. The draft has been “employed by the federal government of the United States in four conflicts: the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam war. “This makes five different occasions when Americans were drafted for a total of 16.5 million people” ( Random Fact of The Day 1). 16.5 million people were drafted and under 1.25 million died in these wars, which is about a 7.6% death rate.
Conscription, also known as drafting, is a law that the government made for people to go to war. This law stated that anyone who was old enough and was able to fight in the war had to go, whether they wanted to go or not. People thought conscription was very beneficial, I on the other hand disagree. Personally, I do not think conscription is a good idea. It is unfair to force people to go to war, by forcing men to enlist in the army, the army force will not be as strong as it could be, and if conscription occurs, there’s an emotional toll to fighting.