Known as the bloodiest single-day battle in American History, the Battle of Antietam took place at Antietam creek in Maryland. Strategic plan unveiled and outnumbered, things didn’t start off smoothly for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army; yet, even with a copy of the enemy’s plan and a two-to-one advantage, did things work out for Union! With one side disadvantaged and the other wasting their advantages, the battle stayed undecided for hours- that is until violent attacks to General Lee’s troop had the Confederate army retreating. Although, the Battle of Antietam does not have a clear victorious side, the Union declared it as a victory and used the victory to justify the “Emancipation Proclamation”
On April 6, 1862 the Battle of Shiloh began and lasted for approximately a day and half; this battle was fought between General Albert Sidney Johnston and General Ulysses S. Grant and led to the South’s demise in the war. The battle site was named Shiloh due to the small church that stands in the middle of the battlefield. In this particular battle of the civil war, General Albert Sidney Johnston died. He was the highest ranking General of the civil war; on either side. General Ulysses S. Grant, and many others, considered this battle to be the bloodiest battle of the civil war.
The siege of Vicksburg can be seen as a turning point in the Civil War. Vicksburg was fought after territory for both sides because of the value it encompassed. Particularly to the Confederates, Vicksburg was their last chance of keeping unity of command. Without control of Vicksburg the southern confederate states would be divided into two. As well as unity of command, possession of Vicksburg was critical to controlling the lower Mississippi River. The Mississippi River supplied the armed forces with troops, supplies, and equipment. Loss of Vicksburg would prove to be devastating to the South as they were now divided, lacked unity of command, and had lost their remaining control over the Mississippi making it difficult to maneuver troops and
In September 1862, a battle was fought in a small town in Maryland. More lives were lost than any other battle or war that the United States has ever experience before or since. This battle had no true winner but it did have consequeses that changed the course of the Civil War. In James M. McPherson’s book Crossroads of Freedom Antietam The Battle That Changed the Course of the Civil War, he shows how small events added up to lead to the Battle of Antietam and ultimately to the North winning the Civil War.
The Battle of Gettysburg was July 1 - July 3, 1863 in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Battle of Gettysburg was a game changer in the Civil War for 3 reasons: the geography, morale, and losses.
The North had beaten the South in the Civil War. The North won the war for many reasons; they had some advantages over the South, a great leader, and the desire to win. The North and South fought many battles before the Civil War ended. Each battle had a different outcome and some encouraging the fight and some ended in despair.
This battle was also a Confederate victory. In this battle, Stonewall came up with a genius plan of splitting up the Confederate soldiers and sending them behind the unaware Union soldiers. Stonewall Jackson came up with this plan because the Confederate army was completely outnumbered and there was no way they could win, gun to gun. A quote what supports the fact that Stonewall was a genius military strategist states: “Northern soldiers were caught almost completely unaware and quickly succumbed to panic and rout, resulting in one of the most striking tactical victories of the war.” (Hamner). This quote shows how Stonewall Jackson's plan was a great success and lead to the Confederate win. Hamner states, “Confederate General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was one of the chief architects of the stunning Confederate victory at the battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, on May 2, 1863.” (Hamner). This quote shows how Stonewall, was a genius military tactician, and visioned a Confederate
The Battle of Vicksburg was one of the most crucial points in the Civil War. It helped Eradicate the Rebels/Confederacy once and for all. The Civil War was fought for over 4 years and it lasted from 1861-1865. It was one of the most horrific wars the world has ever known and witnessed. The Civil war was fought over the topic of slavery and the issues it presented, and the injustifications of slavery. The Civil War was one of the longest and hardest wars ever fought. The Siege of Vicksburg was won by Union General Ulysses S. Grant. The Confederate General in the Battle of Vicksburg was John C. Pemberton. Pemberton’s troops made him surrender to Grant because the troops were starving to death (literally) and so he surrendered on July 4th, 1863. This was a major day in history.
All in all, Sherman and his army caused a lot of problems for the South, and a lot of victories for the Union. His march was even said to have saved Lincoln in getting re-elected. If Sherman's army didn’t enter, “total war” then the battle
The capture of Vicksburg split the Confederacy in half and was a major turning point of the civil war. It was a distinct victory for the union. By beating the Confederacy, it restricted their ports across the Mississippi river. The Confederacy was unable to transfer supplies or communication across its breadth. Leading into three other battles in this campaign (Raymond, Port Gibson, and Champion Hill). At the end of this siege there were a total of 37,402 casualties. This all shows how without the victory of Vicksburg by the Union, the war could have turned out completely
The American Civil War consisted of many battles, all of which include losses and victories to both parties. The Union and the Confederate went head to head during this time seizing land. The Battle of Vicksburg is one of those hard fought battles. For over a month, Ulysses S. Grant and his army gave their all in order to strategically seize the land of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Vicksburg was home to the Confederates and was located right along the Mississippi River causing this land to be a significant gain for the Union. This paper will define the Battle of Vicksburg, why this battle was significant to the American Civil War, and the repercussions of this battle.
Abraham Lincoln had won the reelection against McClellan. Lincoln had won the reelection due to winning a surprise attack battle. The same tactics were used in the Battle of Vicksburg. These tactics were easy to convey due to the geography of Vicksburg. The Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi, also called the Siege of Vicksburg, was the culmination of a long land and naval campaign by Union forces to capture a key strategic position during the American Civil War (Ballard). After crossing the Mississippi River on April 30, 1863, General Grant lead the Union Army to isolate the city of Vicksburg and the Confederates defending it (New York Times). Defeats at Champion Hill and Big Black River gave Confederate commander General Pemberton no choice but retreat to the defenses of Vicksburg and hold out until reinforcements could arrive. On May 19 and 22, Grant launched a series of frontal assaults against Pemberton’s fortifications which lead to suffering heavy losses. For forty seven days the Federal host bombarded the city while the Confederate soldiers and civilians alike suffered the hardships of siege warfare. Grant's success silenced many of his critics and increased his reputation with the Lincoln administration, ultimately leading to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union
The Civil War was a horrid event that greatly affected our modern day lives. From 1861 to 1865 the Union and the Confederates fought to protect what they thought was right. Throughout the war many people turned up and encouraged change in areas they believed were lacking thought such as, abolition, women 's rights, and suffrage. One of this people was Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist, which means that she was against slavery. She helped develop the underground railroad, which helped many slaves escape to freedom.
The Confederate invasion caught the Union forces off guard. The Union found themselves scrambling to defend New Mexico and Southern Colorado. Colonel Canby decided to reorganize his forces in the area and consolidate at Fort Craig, a main supply depot and fortified position in the area. Col. Canby successfully defends Fort Craig but in the First major battle after the confederate invasion, the Battle of Valverde, the Union loses the city of Albuquerque. Before the Union forces are defeated, the Governors of Colorado and Kansas receive word and assemble a volunteer force. The Unions outcome at the Battle of Glorieta Pass would ultimately be decided by the volunteers from Colorado, Kansas, and New Mexico. In March of 1862, Colonel P Slough marches his volunteer force of roughly 900 men, most of which were miners, to Fort Union, New Mexico. Once there, Col. Slough joined with the 1,500 New Mexico Volunteers and marched on the Santa Fe Trail to establish a defensive position in Glorieta Pass.
This battle was both a failure and a success for the Confederates. Bragg’s main plan was to cut off Rosecrans’ main line of communication. This plan was not accomplished by any means. Bragg’s attack caused Rosecrans’ front to be centered around his line of communication (Nashville Pike). Rosecrans’ army, the Army of Cumberland, lost many more troops than Bragg. Rosecrans lost around 10,000 men and 28 cannons and Bragg lost around 9,000 men, but not many weapons. Taking into account the amount of troops and ground the Union side lost, the Confederates took an easy victory, but if you consider objectives, the battle was more of a draw. After counting losses and wounded, Rosecrans set up a meeting with his generals and commanders. Most of them