In his remarkable work, The Subjection of Women, John Stuart Mill argues on behalf of women. He is against the predominant view that women are, by nature, inferior to men. He contends that ' '[A]ll women are brought up from the earliest years in the belief that their ideal of character is the very opposite of that of men; not self-will, and government by self-control, but submission, and yielding to the control of others" (1999, 18- 19). He calls for the emancipation of women from the unjust treatment of men; he believes that women should enjoy equal rights in the social sphere, particularly
Instead of breaking the notion of patriarchy, Eliot becomes a torch-bearer of patriarchy and contributes to perpetuate the process subjugation of women by strengthening the mechanisms of women subordination. The study tries to show how Eliot becomes a misogynist by his constant tirade against woman. Key Words: Patriarchy, misogynist, subjugation, mechanism, tirade. Introduction: Since its inception both the Eastern and the Western civilization are pervasively patriarchal. It is male-centered and male-controlled.
Chauvinism and Feminism in Handmaid’s tale Introduction This paper explores the relations between patriarchy and class in the context of a dystopian society which is very well depicted by Attwood. In this sense, how patriarchy is used against women. Debates appeared when society acquired language and now a days is still a hot debate. Radical, feminists point men as the 'main enemy’ and they say that, patriarchy is considered as a form of domination imposed by men on women. Feminists are dealing with how to understand the relations between patriarchy and how to confront, oppose male chauvinism in the ruling class.
Did you not know that men are the true creators in our culture, Mother? They mould our lives and destinies according to their whims and desires’. (The Holy Woman, p.88) The Holy Woman, by Qaisra Shahraz, encapsulates the restrictions on the lives of women living under patriarchy. The Holy Woman highlights how the powerful social structures and feudal customs, centred on female body and sexuality, restrict women and are difficult to challenge. These customs and tradition are often nurtured, strengthened and kept alive through violent and unjust actions centred on women.
As a socially conscious writer, De attempts to bring these erring women back into the orbit of socially sanctified morality. Keywords : Lesbianism, psychopaths , harmonious existence , familial bonding, institution of marriage, freedom . Female Resistance against Repression in Shobha De’s Strange Obsession Introduction Shobha De, a renowned and a prolific living writer projects her social vision through affirmation of the feminine self. She predominantly deals with the lives of the upper class society and examines the institution of family and marriage. She opines in Shooting from the Hip: “The whole question of the position of females in
The God of Small Things is a typical postcolonial feminist novel with the streak of interrogative stance on the gender and caste biased system in India. Arundhati Roy makes artistic efforts to put forward the saga of the agony and fire of revolt of women that has been sparking for a long time. Female characters like Ammu, Mammachi, Baby Kochamma, Rahel, Margret and even Kochu Maria in the novel are the instruments in the hands of the novelist to put resistance to the norms, dogmas, laws, values and structures typical patriarchal apart from challenging the “Love laws” and institution of marriage which assigns more bondages for women. Ammu finds herself entirely alone and helpless to fight the system that is designed to be hostile to fair sex. Mammachi feels threatened by whatever happens on the television as she opts to view the world through small screen rather than confronting the grim and unfavouring realities of life around.
So, his plays represent the junction point at which women are characterized as enlightened and emancipated with the power of resistance who struggle to overcome the male dominance. Girish Karnad wants to aware his audiences through how in the name of marriage women are exploited and subjected to all kinds of repressive treatment engineered basically by a patriarchal society. Karnad has undertaken a journey through his plays to take up the challenge to look at the contentious issues of women. His mastery lies in the treatment of politics of difference that underlies the paradigms of gender and caste. Keywords Feminism, Gender, Patriarchy, Tradition, Society Introduction The ‘feminism’ is a cultural construction of marginality in relation to patriarchal society.
This paper attempts to analyze the struggles the married women undergo to attain their freedom and individuality in the selected short stories in the collection called Arranged Marriage. Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni an Indo American writer, has focused the contradictory status of Indian women, who are subjected to all kinds of abuses however, they are worshipped as goddesses. In all the short stories, the protagonists are found as victims. They are suppressed and oppressed in various ways. The male oriented society expects the married woman to unconditionally surrender her identity and be selfless submissive, meek and always dependent on men.
According to vijay kumar Mehta,” Manju Kapur, the radical feminist, truly presents the hidden intricacies of women psyche in her novels. Her protagonists make an effort to dismantle the gender polarization up to a great extent Gender polarization is a concept that what is feminine cannot be masculine and what is masculine cannot be feminine. It is expected of men and women to display stereotypic gender roles. It utilizes the differences between the two groups of male and female to designate particular characteristics to group members of one group and not the other. Sandra Bem describes “the relationship between men and women as a division of social responsibilities.
The first chapter makes an introductory assessment of Indian English women novelists in general and makes a brief survey of the portrayal of women with specific account of suffering and discrimination in particular. It deals with the development of genre ‘novel’ in Indian English literature with the focus of women novelists of the period. This chapter explores the fictional portrayal of suffering woman and her subjugated status in the male dominated society. It explores that the women were fated to suffer and struggle right from birth to their death. It is observed that women are still suffering and their struggle has not ended yet.