As we know, Manifest Destiney played out in the 19th century and was seen as a justified right for the U.S. to expand its “empire”. On June 20th 1803, President Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to Captain Meriwether Lewis. In the letter, Jefferson is appointing Lewis as commander of an expedition that is to take place in Western America. Jefferson’s instructions involved getting a group of military men to explore the West and find its water passage across the continent “for the purposes of commerce”, discovering new plants and
during this migration countless of groups broke off and went their own way and establish themselves in local area. After taking Mexico City in 1521 the Spanish decided to go north for new lands to conquer and project their own myths onto the unknown region that was to become the southwest. They thought that the north was rich land of warrior women and that in that direction was silver city or something that would lead Europe to wealth. All these myth are what made the general myth of the southwest. The myth of the region as a land of golden promise.
Columbus, a Spanish sailor, sought to find that route. He believed he was successful, but in actuality he had stumbled upon a “new” continent. Though already inhabited by multiple native populations, Columbus claimed the lands he found for Spain,
They wanted to unite all the domain kingdoms of Spain and make it a dominant world. They united Spain's largest kingdoms and ruled Aragon and Castile together. Their biggest impact in the Spanish society was definitely the Spanish Inquisition. An inquisition is a series of investigations designed to judge and find heretics. Ferdinand and Isabella conquer the Granada from the Moors (Muslims) which gave them the title Catholic Kings in 1492.
Born in around 1485, Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador/explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. He first set sail to America at the age of 19. Cortes later joined an expedition to cuba. In 1518, he set off to explore Mexico and discover Baja California. Hernan Cortes voyaged to America in about 1504.
With exploration well under way, the Old World was pining to discover new commodities. In 1492, Christopher Columbus set sail west in hopes of finding Asia. What he discovered however opened a major trade exchange between the New and Old worlds. The Columbian Exchange helped to establish trade routes between multiple civilizations as well as shape modern global cuisines. The initial motivation for exploration came from the Portuguese and their desire to sail south along the coast of Africa.
The Mexican-American War was the first war to be fought mostly on foreign soil. During this period, the newly formed the United States was eagerly seeking to expand their territory towards the west. When failed attempts to obtain lands by purchasing them from Mexico for the price of $30,000,000 dollars. The U.S. government felt there was little hope of gaining these territories by peaceful means, a war was inevitable. Mexico was still bitter despite Texas gaining their independence in 1836, voluntarily selling their lands to the United States was not an option.
Westward Expansion What does Westward Expansion mean? The term Westward Expansion is the acquisition of territories by the United States across the whole area of the North American continent, from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. Westward expansion was enabled by buying land, wars, treaties and the displacement of Native American Indians. The rapid settlement of territories gained during the process of Westward Expansion was made possible by progressive transportation systems such as roads, canals and the railroads and the belief in the Manifest Destiny of the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson had dreamed of exploring the West for a long time before he had even become President.
Columbian Exchange Notes Funded by the Spanish, an explorer named Christopher Columbus set sail westwards in 1492 in search of a faster trading route to the Asias, but instead what Columbus found was a land separated from Europe for millions of years, North America. Columbus’s discovery of North America had many profound effects on the world, one of the greatest being the founding of the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange was a form of commerce between North America and Western Europe. The establishment of Columbian Exchange held both positive and negative repercussions, one positive repercussions being agricultural growth due to all the newly discovered crops and flora and one negative repercussion being the introduction of European diseases to the New world that resulted in the death of approximately70 million North American natives. After news of Columbus's discovery spread to the rest of Europe, many explorer sailed to North
“The Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry. Aztec arrows were no match for the Spaniards’ muskets and cannons” (McDougal 556). In their area, the Aztec civilization had a reputation of successful rulers, and handmade yet powerful weapons. Even so, Spanish conquistadors were able to beat them without much effort because of their advanced weaponry. Any survivors were forced to live in fear of others coming from Europe and killing them with manufactured weaponry.
Everything Jefferson planned to do, he made sure it happened.He even aimed and tried to establish a more perfect union by sending his men to fight off the Barbary pirates who were harassing the U.S commerce.”He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates, who were harassing American commerce in the Mediterranean” (Frank Freidel). Purchasing the Louisiana Territory, displayed Jefferson expanding America into a better union. “At more than 820,000 square miles, the acquisition (which included lands extending between the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains and the Gulf of Mexico to present-day Canada) effectively doubled the size of the United States” (History.com - Thomas Jefferson). The only thing Jefferson lacked was being fair to all, or establishing justice. Andrew Jackson attempted to establish a more perfect union, when he used everything accessible to the best of his ability.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus made a discovery that affected the lives of many different ethnic groups around the world, in the years to come. The Spanish were funding his trip were trying to find a quicker way to get to the ports of the Asia and Columbus thought that he could find it by sailing westward. Instead of finding said route, he instead found the West Indies and what would eventually become North and South America. Now this would lead the Spanish, French, and English to start colonizing the “unclaimed” ground in the New World. When the Spanish started to colonize the New World, the natives were first conquered but then eventually accepted into the Spanish hierarchy of things.
The conquest of Mexico and Peru are very similar. Spanish explorers roamed the land, claiming territory for their country. While claiming this land, the conquistadors met up with natives. They did this to trade and create alliances to be able to put up a fight against an empire. In Hernando Cortez’s case, the empire they took down were the Aztecs.
Some of the Amerindians who lived in the areas of eventual colonization were the Olmecs, Zapotecs, Mixtecs, Maya, Purepecha (Tarascan), and the Aztecs, among others. They were spread out from the Gulf of Mexico to Tenochtitlan and south. Little did they know that when Hernan Cortes made his voyage to the area, he would turn their whole world upside down. Starting just before the 16th century, explorers from Spain and Portugal became curious of the stories of land and riches they had heard in relation to the Americas. The Spanish were the first to venture that direction, with the Portuguese not far behind.
Britain began to expand at the turn of the 16th century, setting off a huge wave of hope and sacrifice. In 1585, a man filled with hope named Sir Walter Raleigh, took his chances in the New World and started one of the first British colonies (“The First English Settlements”). Raleigh named the new settlement Virginia, after the “Virgin Queen”, Elizabeth I (“British Colonial Expansion”). All one hundred men that first settled there ended up leaving, seeing that there was no hope in the land. Raleigh made a second attempt to colonize the New World in 1587 naming it Roanoke, Virginia (“The First English Settlements”).