When you start reading the novel you are aware of reading about a plague that spread through Europe. When we relate this novel to Camus’s time period, we understand that he is relating this “plague” to the Black Death (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2014) that killed millions. The novel, however does not only look at natural, literal meaning of the plague but the when you look at the plot as a whole; it is a big metaphor to the Nazi Occupation in Germany. There are key events in the story that are evidence of this statement. At first, during the Nazi occupation in Germany, Jews were banned from all services and professions.
Finally, I argue Swinburne’s solution to the Problem of Evil is persuasive. First, I begin with Swinburne’s views on the kinds of evils. According to him, there are two kinds of evil: moral evil and natural evil. Moral evil refers to all evil caused deliberately by humans doing what they ought not to do and also the evil constituted by such deliberate actions or negligent failure
I long to go through the crowded streets of your mighty London, to be in the midst of the whirl and rush of humanity, to share its life, its change, its death, and all that makes it what it is. (1993: 22) Thus, as we come to realize the context is crucial, and from the beginning of Dracula it is quite obvious that the story’s localization strengthens contemporary fears related to the Victorian society as well as with the nature of Englishness. The contrast between the West’s richness and splendor is constantly correlated with the East’s perpetual worthlessness. As Gill Davies pointed out, “the detailed geography of London is deployed to highlight a number of imperial and national anxieties” (Davies, 2004) which already existed. As a matter of a fact, by the time that Dracula was published stereotypes were well-established, and London was already considered both the heart and the image of the Empire, all the while the East represented all the things that the West was not.
In the light of an Enlightenment era radical ideas were nothing new, however radical ideas against the British government (and the european lifestyle in general) were dangerous. The founders were directly influenced by the enlightenment, Thomas Jefferson even had paintings of Locke, Bacon, and Newton in his home. The Colonists of that day, especially the learned men were raised to believe that founding a government was one of the greatest things a person could do. Thomas Paine wrote “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.” The American revolution started as an Enlightenment movement, guided by Enlightenment principles, and brought about by the Children of the Enlightenment. The Revolution began as an infringement on the rights of English citizens, not American rights.
This paper will be analysing The Outsider, The Plague, and The Fall by Albert Camus and will aim at finding the instances of the idea of existence, the phenomenon of indifference, and the factor of absurdity towards humanity as presented by him in his works, proving him to truly be a writer of the Absurd. The works of Camus deals with the factors of existentialism and absurdism. There lies a sense and a hint of
This will kill that, the book will kill the edifice ; the Archbishop says bluntly with a printed book . This is a scene from “Notre Dame de Paris ”, a novel written by Victor Hugo during the chaos of the July Revolution in 1830. That scene is so significant that the author makes a pause and takes up a considerable amount of time to carry on with his own argument. This argument about architecture and typography is an interesting part of the novel, along with the technical description about the gothic cathedral at the introductory chapter. It overlaps his life and times with the historical background of the characters in the novel and parallels the author in a world of an entire transformation from the political revolution and the cathedral in a vortex of a sudden innovation from the printing revolution.
Custom House: The story takes place in Massachusetts during the late seventeenth century. Chapter 1: The setting of the story takes place in a colony of the New World called Boston. It appears that a lot of description is put into the jail as well. The legend that accounts for the existence of the rose bush is that it sprung up from the footsteps of Ann Hutchinson as she entered the prison. Hawthorne begins the story with a reflection about the need for a cemetery and a prison because he likely wanted to illustrate the amount of deaths caused by the harsh environment of the New World while also emphasizing the fact that the Puritans had very strict rules in order to create a “Utopia of human virtue and happiness” (33).
Alice in Wonderland Societal Reading Victorian society demanded a specific role of civilians with strict expectations they always adhere to. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, more commonly recognised by his pen name, Lewis Carroll, is one author who questioned these expectations through the use of satire within his text Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Satirizing the rule and conventions of Victorian society is one manner in which Carroll subverts the nature of this time period by drawing specific attention to the worst aspects and proving how ridiculous they truly are. Two examples of this within Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland can be found within the tea party scene in chapter 7. This chapter depicts a Mad Hatter and his friends, the dormouse and March Hare all sitting around a “large” table, “but all three were all crowded together at one corner of it”.
A reoccurring discussion in the realm of medical anthropology is the overall relation witchcraft has to illness and how modern biomedical understanding differs from the “primitive” idea of misfortune. Consequently, these discussions have led to vigorous debate regarding global perception of misfortune and how we determine cause of illness among different societies. Taking all elements into account, one could argue that there are certain aspects biomedicine can benefit from when studying the complexity of witchcraft in indigenous societies as it can open new doors in the sector of interpretation of unfortunate events, illness perception and understanding of traditional beliefs. To introduce my argument, I would like to begin with an illustration
The title “The plague” itself is rather contentious and opens itself up for debate throughout the novel. The novel is presented as an “historical fiction” (Picon qtd. in Brée 146) and on a literal level, it refers to an outbreak of an epidemic in the town of Oran and how the citizens must grapple with the idea of death and disease. However, the title can also be seen as an allusion to existentialism through the notion of the absurd, which states that owing to the world’s absurdity, any tragic event can happen to anyone at any time (Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy) This allusion can be understood as a forewarning and philosophical statement on the part of the author that all human beings live in a constant state of plague and thus, we may die at any sudden moment, suffering is endless and that we are all, in fact, in a constant state of exile.