Imagine living in a world where everybody's lives are completely mapped out by the government. Where every decision is made without the input of the citizens it affects. In the novella Anthem, Ayn Rand depicts a completely collectivist society, where every idea, action, and invention is purely for the benefit of society as a whole. Everything is done with the entire population in mind, and individuality is extremely frowned upon. However, when the story's protagonist, Equality, makes a huge scientific discovery, his intentions are more selfish than that.
In the case of Bill Gates, who is listed in an issue of this year’s Forbes as the richest man in the world, yet spends a decent amount of time attending to charity, we see that the ideals of collectivism can exist within the ideals of independence. Furthermore, in the U.S., our government provides us with social and entitlement programs which benefit many people and are thus beneficial to the common good. Proponents of extreme individualism and capitalism may argue against these programs, but when they or a family member suddenly need these services, it becomes beneficial to them to keep these programs alive. In the public school system, community service is generally encouraged, if not mandatory. This clearly benefits the common good, as it ensures there is a force out there working to fix up or perform services for the community, but many individuals who participated in these programs would contend (perhaps begrudgingly) that these programs benefited them mentally, intellectually, emotionally, physically, or any combination of the
In 1964, beautiful New York City, a murder was committed outside the apartment complex of Kitty Genovese. The victim, Kitty Genovese, was stabbed to death outside her home, while bystanders waltzed by the crime without a second glance or dialing of the authorities. This renowned infamous crime sparked the minds of two psychologists, Bibb Latane and John Darley, to create a concept many know as, ‘The Bystander Effect’ (“Bystander Effect”). The Bystander Effect can be characterized by, “the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present” (Myers 766). In other words, when people are in the presence of other people, or bystanders, they are less likely to help an individual in need, no matter the situation. This phenomenon takes action in the novel, The Lords of Discipline by Pat Conroy. The story takes place in Charleston, South Carolina, at their famously renowned military institute, The Citadel. The instructional methods utilized within The Citadel contradict themselves, such contradictions are represented by the bystander effect. The Citadel bemuses its students in teaching and indirectly promoting the Bystander Effect but at the
“If civilization is to survive, it is the morality of altruism that people must learn to reject.” -Ayn Rand. To be compassionate and unselfish seems to be a noble and magnanimous pursuit. Altruism is admired, it is beautiful, and it is praised. And yet, it goes against our very natures. There is no reason we should sacrifice ourselves to save a dying child. Our instincts tell us to keep ourselves alive, that we are important. Thus, altruism is a beautiful conquering of our savage animal instincts. Ayn Rand disagrees. In her book, Anthem, the protagonist, Equality 7-2521, heroically conquers the evil Collectivist ideas by discovering the idea behind the word, “Ego.” She argues against brotherhood and altruism through her loveless, beautiless society. Selflessness is not in human nature, so by replacing egotism, the society replaced art, love, and all of the things that used to be paired with altruism as beautiful. Selflessness must be balanced with egotism, lest we lose the things that make us human.
J.J Watt was awarded the NFL Walter Payton Man of the Year Award for raising 37 million dollars for Hurricane Harvey relief. Periodically I receive mail from Operation Smile asking for donations. Although Watt’s award is considered a great honor by society, and donating to charities is very common today, Ayn Rand would disagree with all this. In the excerpts from The Virtue of Selfishness and For the New Intellectual, and in her novel Anthem, Rand lays out her morals. In Anthem Equality’s view of morality strongly coincides with Ayn Rand’s views in the excerpts from her other writings, but is very different from the institutions, practices and officials from the society in which he lives.
The word chivalry can be found throughout history. Some may only connect chivalry with knights in shining armor. However, the term shows more complexity than that. It is argued whether or not chivalry is dead, some believe chivalry is dead. Although, others believe that it is not dead ,but has evolved over time. Many think of chivalry as a man holding the door open for a women or taking her coat, but men are not the only ones to perform acts of chivalry. Women as well should be performing these acts. Chivalry can be compared to altruism, simply meaning selfless actions for others. Chivalry can be found in today's society,however, it seems to be dying and we as a society need to work to keep it alive.
David Brooks, a professor at Yale University and a writer for the New York Times, in his “The Uses of Patriotism” (2016), argues that the American national anthem promotes unity and therefore Americans should all respect the standing tradition. He first supports his argument by stating that America was the vision of a land where everyone has promised opportunities, then by stating the decline in American patriotism doesn’t fortify the creed of solidarity, and finally by stressing it will support 2016 presidential candidate Donald Trump’s erecting barrier between ethnicities. Brooks’ purpose is to criticize Americans kneeling during the national anthem in order to persuade them it only causes less unification when the Americans need it most.
The role of the individual can be defined in many ways and through different literary devices. Some believe the role of the individual is to create more individuals , but others think otherwise. In Cannery Row by John Steinbeck, the role of the individual is to find ways to help others. Doc and Dora find ways to help the sick after an influenza epidemic takes place. In ¨The Crisis¨ by Thomas Paine, the role of the individual is to bring each other up when they are down. Paine reads his letter that he wrote previously to change the mood of the soldiers who are depressed because they are losing the war. In ¨Speech to the Virginia Convention 1775¨ by Patrick Henry, the role of the individual is to persuade others to make up their minds. Henry reads his speech aloud that he
John F. Kennedy said, “Ask what you can do for your country?” In order to answer President J.F. K., I would like to use Keri Wyatt Kent’s words. She said in her book “Simple Compassion,” that to make a difference in our country we need to cut back on our spending. Thus, the Americans’ way of living are frugal. It is justified for the following reasons. First, the presidents’ examples of frugality are to clear our hearts. Secondly, most Americans were the immigrants for the sake of adapting their lives to a new land, they make a difference in the country. Lastly, the Americans are compassionate, and their sense of generosity reflects the frugal trait. Therefore, I become to believe that frugality is a part of the philosophy of the Americans.
The first thing I notice about the poem is that it’s imagery is very to the point. The first half of the poem does not mince words at all. the poem is not overly descriptive each sentence tells the reader what is important to know and lets the reader fill
Human beings are selfish, selfless, empathetic, and apathetic. Humans are capable of committing the most violent crimes, ignoring desperate pleas, but they’re also capable of helping and saving strangers in life-threatening situations. The motivation and reasons for helping others can be argued from multiple perspectives. Evolutionary psychology posits people help
According to Merriam-Webster the term Reciprocity is defined as the quality or state of mutual dependence, action, or influence. In our lives there are certain people we depend on and they depend on us equally. That is a common/simple example of a reciprocity style in our daily life. Matter of fact that was just an example of a single reciprocity style; actually, there are a multitude of reciprocity styles that exist in our world around us. In the book “Give and Take: A Revolutionary Approach to Success” by Adam Grant many reciprocity styles are mentioned with examples. In this essay three different reciprocity styles will be mentioned and examples of each one will be stated help demonstrate each style.These three reciprocity styles are gives, takers, and matchers. As a matter of fact each and every one of these reciprocity styles is different in its own way and some styles are more focused to certain types of people. These three styles are the most influential and are most likely to help someone succeed.
Prosocial behavior refers to "voluntary actions that are intended to help or benefit another individual or group of individuals" (Eisenberg and Mussen 1989) such as helping, sharing, giving, co-working, and volunteering." Obeying the standards and complying with socially acknowledged practices, (for example, ceasing at a "Stop" sign or paying for basic supplies) are additionally viewed as prosocial behaviors. These activities might be persuaded by compassion and by worry about the welfare and privileges of others, and in addition for proud or reasonable concerns, for example, one's economic wellbeing or notoriety, seek after immediate or roundabout correspondence, or adherence to one's apparent arrangement of fairness. Prosocial conduct or
Altruism is defined differently through schools of psychology. There is no monolithic approach relative to the varying definitions held by each field. Examination of altruistic action mandates a universal definition. At a basic sense, most researchers agree Altruism is a beneficial action for another organism at the cost of the acting organism. It’s paradoxical to use an economic paradigm to explain the cost/benefit analysis. The contradiction is exemplified in the need to maximize utility while minimizing use of resource for oneself. The formula utilized in economics is founded upon egoism dogma. Altruistic actions, in the grandest since, are inherently selfless. When utility is derived
Altruism theory can basically be defined as an act that an individual performs, in order to benefit someone else. Altruism can also be known as Ethical Altruism. Furthermore, this specific theory speaks about the good deeds that an individual would undertake to help and benefit someone else, even if it requires the sacrifice of self-interest. The action that the individual would tackle would consider being morally right if the result would benefit the recipient than the person actually conducting the action (Mastin, 2008) . Majority of the time these actions that are performed by individuals are not only about doing good for other personnel but also to protect these persons them from being harm or getting injured in a certain situation