In the science fiction novel Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury depicts a broken society by characterizing it. However, excessive control can cause suicide rates to increase. Some believe that suicide would be decreasing because of the extensive amount of control the government has over its citizens. However, excessive control can cause suicide rates to increase. Ultimately, the downfall of the Fahrenheit 451 society is a product of denial and detachment from society, which makes it a cautionary tale for all.
A dystopian society is a menacing setting which serves as a warning to us about totalitarian futures that seem all too likely and real (Kennon, 2005). Gradually, many authors use dystopia as a genre, thus becoming dystopian literature. Cranny-Francis (1990) described dystopian literature as “the textual representation of a society apparently worse than the writer/reader’s own” (p. 125). Booker (1994) wrote that dystopian literature offers the chance of giving new perspectives on questionable political and social practices that would have been otherwise thought as natural. In a research done by Mcclantoc (2016), it can be deduced that the main ingredient of a good dystopian literature are the main protagonists who induce some kind of social change in their society or world.
Art can be used as a medium to remind the society about future calamities if they let something senseless to take place in their society. Orwell used his novel, 1984, to give a warning for the future that what society will become if they allow totalitarianism to accomplish supremacy. Orwell succeeds in delivering an aesthetic work by using symbols such as glass, as mentioned by Lyons, and also by breaking the elements of satire seen through the language, which includes ‘newspeak’. 'George Orwell 's Opaque Glass in 1984 ' leads readers to believe that the narrative techniques employed by the author in the work 1984, take away from the aestheticism of it. In the latter part of Orwell 's career, it is believed that his works show moments of haste and slovenliness and it is not so finely written, because he was much more interested in what he had to say, than how to say the
His writing has been exploring of the painful psychological impact of colonial cultural decline. Comrade Mzala rightly opines that “Art is an important weapon in the struggle; it either reinforces or undermines the power of the oppressor”. Through the novel Petals of Blood and Matigari we see Ngugi writing as a strong social satire. Both novels portray the life after colonial era but the common thing is the same situation and problem faced by natives during colonialism. Ngugi works are characterized by criticism against European unacceptable law and injustice.
During this period, freedom of feelings and creativity. This may have lead to Extreme Skepticism to occur after all the writings infused with strong feelings. Sigmund Freud's book Civilisation and its Discontents prove that his writings make him one of the founders of Modernism. The theme of “Conscience and the Super-Ego” (Gradesaver, Civilisation and its Discontents) plays out in the book as a form of Skepticism. He argues that the Super-Ego is responsible for the “discontents” that human beings experience in civilisation as “The super-ego often puts severe demands on the individual that he cannot realistically met, causing great unhappiness.” (Gradesaver, Civilisation and its Discontents).
The two dystopian novels ‘1984’ and ‘Oryx and Crake’ illustrates relevant factors of language employed in our society, purposed to manipulate the population as a satirical aspect. The protagonist of the novel ‘1984’ Winston, is a employee at the ‘ministry of truth’ and carries a task, to rewrite historical documents. As the novel presents the party’s will, maintaining power and control over the people, Winston’s task the manipulation of truth suggests a satirical aspect, for the party is able to proceed their will, concealing the truth through the power of language Orwell displays. Jimmy, the protagonist of ‘Oryx and Crake’, works as an ad writer, for the beauty company ‘Anooyoo’. Comparable to
The article “Reasonably Insane: Affects and Crake In Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake” by Ariel Koon, details how the characters of the novel are impacted the society that are a part of. The character of Crake is analyzed for his motives to wipeout the human race and how the society he is in pushed him to do it. The first part of the article focuses on the characterization of Crake. To readers, he seems to be neither good nor evil. He does not fit the typical identity of a “mad-scientist” even though he might be considered one for destroying the human race with modern science and creating a species much like humans.
4. The Besieged City This intended invasion, as Stephen Arata points out, is linked to the cultural fear of Britain being in decline towards the end of the century (622). This "pervasive narrative of decline" (Arata 623) is thematised in Dracula and other late-Victorian literature through the "narrative of reverse colonization" (Arata 623). As the name already suggests, reverse colonisation deals with the fear of the coloniser becoming the colonised through the invasion of a more "primitive" culture (Arata 623). However, according to Arata, reverse colonisation is not only rooted in fear but also stems from a cultural guilt: "In the marauding, invasive Other, British culture sees its own imperial practices mirrored back in monstrous forms"
Moreover, the German revolution caused endless chaos and tension in Germany, stealing away the soldiers’ focus on victory in WW1, therefore negatively affecting their performance & sparking their defeat in WW1. The figure above (Figure 2: German Revolution), shows one of the demonstrations in the German revolution. However, the German revolution stemmed many changes into the German authority, as the Kaiser was coerced to resign & Germany was announced a republic. (Figure 2: German Revolution) In conclusion, many different factors combined led to the German defeat in WW1, including the US entry into WW1, the naval factors, the authoritative factors, the blockades and the failure of the U-boat campaign as well as the Ludendorff offensive. Moreover, these factors are highly related, as the entry of the US was the main factor that gave rise to their defeat, and most of the other causes were an upshot of the US entry into
(www.southeaster.edu retrieved 2003 September). Clarifications of the concepts and proposed relationships among the concepts in the study, is one of the purposes of a conceptual framework. A literature review is a focused reading with a specific purpose. There are several sources that are very essential in doing a review of related literature (Calix, et.al., 2007) It may come in a primary source, secondary source and lastly, is the tertiary source. Primary sources are the raw materials of your own research.