Summary Of Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

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The surrealist movement that started in the early twentieth century revolutionizes the perception of daily lives, yet works under this movement face the problem of seeming ambivalence or arbitrariness resulted from traditional methods of interpretations. Franz Kafka 's "The Metamorphosis," for example, depicts mysterious events in which the protagonist Gregor transforms into an insect with distorted sounds. However, approaching the novella with psychoanalysis by interpreting it as a dream, the latent meanings in events are revealed. It is shown that the Freudian theory of the unconscious, repression, and Oedipus complex can discover Gregor 's multi-layered personality through those events, and the link of his formation of personality to his father is strong and consistent. The psychoanalytic approach to surrealist literature is illustrated to be promising.

What if one day you wake up as an insect? Is it an arbitrary move by the invisible hand of fate, or rather an exposure of your inner world that externalizes itself? For the first question, Franz Kafka 's surrealistic novella "The Metamorphosis" gives a pathetic answer. The protagonist Gregor, a traveling salesman and the sole support of his family, suddenly transforms into an insect in a morning. Since he is no longer a human and cannot fulfill his usual role, he is gradually abandoned by his family who consider him a misfortune. The root of the tragedy - the metamorphosis - seems to many readers, at least at the first
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