Countries such as Germany, France, Europe, Britain and Japan participated in the “sphere of influence” because China had valuable resources and these countries can control an area of trade in China. As shown in document A, the countries are reaching towards China to take their resources. The United States felt threatened and left out because they weren’t participating, they decided to create the policy as a coverup to join in the sphere of influence and take a role of power in China wealth. The United States had the right to create the policy because they believed that China wasn’t suitable and it was necessary for them to do it. As Theodore Roosevelt said in the Annual Message to Congress, if a country can govern themselves, they won’t need U.S interference.
Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves longer. Sir, we have done everything that could be done to avert the storm which is now coming on”(Henry 3). This quote contains logical reasoning as to why the delegates should agree with him and take action against British rule. Patrick explains that we as Americans are cheating ourselves by holding back and not fighting Britain. Logos appears again when he explains everything Britain has done wrong and that they consider themselves superior to other countries and to keep us in their possession.
“Why should I reject the desires and influential elders, who are all a part of the people, to build a constitutional republic” (Chen, 1). Rather than Western influences continuing to change the Chinese landscape, he believes they should look to their elders who can begin to teach the youth how to merge the older customs with the advancements from the West. By combining two aspects of tradition and being able to let them work with each other, national strength will begin to increase again which will restore nationalism and the confidence of
Or is it better to merge the Western thought and Confucian thought to have a public official that will build a stronger state? After reading the article of H G. Frederickson, I realized that there are certain points in the Confucian and Western thinking that one must have to eradicate a weak government. What Frederickson is trying to say is that Confucianism left a big impact to
The Myth of American Exceptionalism Godfrey Hodgson, author of “The Myth of American Exceptionalism,” critics the concept of American exceptionalism throughout the book. Hodgson’s states that his purpose is not to ‘’minimize American achievements or to demean the quality of American civilization.” (16) He says he admires the idea of a country ruled based on popular sovereignty, equal rights and the questioning of a government that was created for the people. However, he also criticizes the concept of American exceptionality through the notion that the United States’ superiority and “uniqueness” has been greatly exaggerated by misguided interpretations of American history, as well as to warn the audience, not only Americans, about the dangers of “self-praise” build around “unreal and hubristic assumptions.” (16) Geoffrey Hodgson starts off by exposing several occasion where the idea of America’s superiority has been altered and often exaggerated by misguided interpretations of the past; for example, he remarks the interpretation of the Mayflower contract by the sixth president of the United states, John Quincy Adams, who said, “perhaps the only instance in human history of that positive, original social compact, which speculative philosophers have imagined as the only legitimate source of government.” (5) To debate the radical claim made by president Adams,
When Japan began to unify, looking to its most powerful neighbor for guidance was the best choice for the budding empire. Using centralized government policies found in the Tang Dynasty, Japan was able to centralize their nation very quickly. By eliminating clansman through legislature and then replacing them with administrators; Japan created a new, loyal aristocracy. By emulating Tang’ land reforms, Japan successfully enacted a taxation system that they could modify as the empire changed. Without China, especially the Tang Dynasty, Japan would not have formed such a stable nation in
Neo-Confucianism is the ethical and moral Chinese philosophy made to create a more rational form of Confucianism. Scholars of Neo-Confucianism removed any superstitious and mythical elements of Daoism and Buddhism. Although it was originated from the Tang Dynasty, it became more prominent in the Song Dynasty due to the rising of Buddhism power while Neo-Confucianism was getting rid of Buddhism elements. In the midst of their competition against Buddhism, Confucian scholars challenged Buddhism morals by making their own ideas of the human and natural world. It was attempt to remove any superstition from Buddhism and Daoism that had influenced Confucianism during the Han Dynasty.
The main theme that entangles itself in all of the source material is the idea of how governments should be run in such a powerful empire, such as Imperial Rome and the Han Dynasty. Starting with the first source, it is evident that the first Qin emperor believed that only the orthodox teachings should be tolerated, which meant that the works of the Five Classics and its teachings were to be extinguished. The next primary source serves as a supplement to explaining the fall of the Qin dynasty due to its warring ideas and Jia Yi argues that if Confucius teachings were implemented then the dynasty would have still been intact. The third source explains how the Qin dynasty was unjust in its equal appropriation of punishment against criminals regardless of motives or social class. Essentially, Dong Zhongshu believed that a dynasty could not be successful if it failed to establish a fair and righteous justice system for its citizens.
It can be seen that both nations evaluate their colonists as those who neglect and divest their most fundamental rights. With these fundamental principles, the two declarations reasons in contrasting ways. Western reasoning is based on Cartesianism, which means that it stresses careful analysis and logic when arguing. The U.S Declaration of Independence elaborates on the specific conditions to institute new government, and by showing that the specific conditions are met in their status quo, the Declaration efficiently justifies its declaration. Although not all Korean
The question of whether a nation is an individualistic or collectivist society seems to define much of its domestic policy, therefore it is crucial to give the right answer to it. Before the communist revolution, at the times, when Confucian values were more prominent than nowadays one could say that China is primarily collectivist country, however, scholars have produced numerous works on individualism in Classic Confucianism which raises a question whether China is in fact a collectivistic country or this notion is merely a stereotype, produced by western thinkers, eager to define their homeland through opposition to the East. The differentiation is even more important nowadays as China is becoming more open to the rest of the world. In the eyes of the West, China is not only shifting towards individualistic mode of thinking because of the “one-child policy” introduced in 1979, but some even claim that children of this generation are less socially adaptable, less independent and even selfish as compared to the children, that have